Perissodactyla (Odd-toed Ungulates)

 

Family: Equidae (Asses, Horses and Zebras)1

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Equus africanus atlanticus Thomas, 1884 Algerian wild ass, Atlas wild ass, North African wild ass c. 300 AD North Africa Extinct Access
             
Equus africanus mureybeti Ducos, 1986 Tell Muraibit equid, Tell Muraibit ass Holocene Syria Invalid (synonym) Access
             
Equus alaskae Winans, 1989 - Late Pleistocene Alaska, USA Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus algericus Bagtache, Hadjouis & Eisenmann, 1984 Algerian horse Holocene Algeria & Morocco Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus andium Branco, 1883 - Late Pleistocene? Chile Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus caballus silvaticus Vetulani, 1928 Forest tarpan, Forest horse ? Europe Invalid? Access
             
Equus capensis Broom, 1909 Cape zebra, Giant Cape horse Late Pleistocene-Holocene border Africa Extinct Access
             
Equus cedralensis Alberdi et al., 2014 - Late Pleistocene Mexico Invalid? Access
             
Equus complicatus Leidy, 1858 - Late Pleistocene USA Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus conversidens Owen, 1869 Mexican horse Holocene? USA Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus dalianensis Xinxue, Yufeng, Qinqi & Yi, 1985 Dalian horse Late Pleistocene China Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus excelsus Leidy, 1858 - Late Pleistocene? USA Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus ferus ferus Boddaert, 1785 Tarpan mid 1800's-early 1900s Europe Extinct Access
             
Equus ferus latipes (Gromova, 1949) - Holocene Europe Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus ferus przewalskii (Poliakov, 1881) Przewalski's horse, Mongolian wild horse, Dzungarian horse, takhi - Asia Invalid (feral population) Access
             
Equus fossilis von Meyer, 1832 - Late Pleistocene? Europe Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus fraternus Leidy, 1860 - Late Pleistocene North America Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus hemionus bedfordi Matschie, 1911 - 1918 or later Mongolia Invalid (synonym) Access
             
Equus hemionus binagadensis Eisenmann & Mashkour, 1999 - Late Pleistocene-Holocene border Azerbaijan & Iran Extinct Access
             
Equus hemionus blanfordi (Pocock, 1947) - ? Afghanistan & Pakistan Invalid (synonym) Access
             
Equus hemionus castaneus Lydekker, 1904 Xinjiang kulan, dzigettai ? Mongolia Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus hemionus finschi Matschie in Futterer, 1911 - ? Kazakhstan Invalid (synonym) Access
             
Equus hemionus hemippus I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1855 Syrian wild ass, Syrian onager, Assyrian onager, Hemippe, Achdari 1927-1928 Arabian Peninsula to Syria Extinct Access
             
Equus hydruntinus Regàlia, 1907 European wild ass, Encebra, Steppe ass, Otrantine ass, etc. Holocene Europe Extinct Access
             
Equus lambei Hay, 1917 Yukon horse, Yukon wild horse c.8,000 BC North America Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus laurentius Hay, 1913 - ? Kansas, USA Invalid (synonym) Access
             
Equus lenensis Russanov, 1968 Lena horse, Chersky horse c.4,600 BP Russia Extinct? Access
             
Equus mauritanicus Pomel, 1897 - Holocene Algeria Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus melkiensis Bagtache, Hadjouis & Eisenmann, 1984 - Late Pleistocene Algeria & Morocco Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus mexicanus Hibbard, 1955 - Late Pleistocene Mexico Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus midlandensis Quinn, 1957 - Late Pleistocene? New Mexico, USA Invalid (synonym) Access
             
Equus namadicus Falconer & Cautley, 1849 - Middle Pleistocene? India Extinct Access
             
Equus neogaeus Lund, 1840 - Late Pleistocene or Holocene Brazil Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus niobrarensis Hay, 1913 Niobrara horse Late Pleistocene USA Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus occidentalis Leidy, 1865 Western horse Late Pleistocene USA Invalid? Access
             
Equus ovodovi Eisenmann & Sergej, 2011 Ovodov horse Late Pleistocene Siberia Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus pacificus Leidy, 1868 - Late Pleistocene? Canada & USA Invalid? Access
             
Equus parastylidens Mooser, 1959 - Late Pleistocene? South America Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus pseudaltidens Hulbert, 1995   Late Pleistocene Texas, USA Extinct Access
             
Equus quagga burchelli Gray, 1824 Burchell's zebra, Southern Burchell's zebra - South Africa Rediscovered Access
             
Equus quagga quagga Boddaert, 1785 Quagga, kwagga (Afrikaans), iqwara (Xhosa) 12 August 1883 South Africa Extinct Access
             
Equus santaeelenae Spillmann, 1938 - Late Pleistocene Peru Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus scotti Gidley, 1900 Scott's horse Late Pleistocene USA Invalid? Access
             
Equus semiplicatus Cope, 1893 Stiltlegged horse Late Pleistocene or Holocene Texas, USA Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus sylvestris von den Brincken, 1826 - ? Europe Invalid (synonym) Access
             
Equus valeriani Gromova, 1946   Late Pleistocene Uzbekistan Extinct Access
             

Equus verae

Sher, 1971   Late Pleistocene Siberia, Russia and Yukon, Canada Extinct Access
             
Equus yunnanensis Colbert, 1940   Late Pleistocene China & Myanmar (=Burma) Extinct Access
             
Equus sp. A - - Late Pleistocene New Mexico, USA Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus sp. nov. 'small stilt-legged horse' - - Late Pleistocene USA Extinct if valid Access
             
Equus sp. nov. 'small stout-limbed horse'
 
- - Late Pleistocene USA Extinct if valid Access
 
           
Haringtonhippus francisci (Hay, 1915)   Late Pleistocene USA Extinct Access
             
Hippidion devillei Gervais, 1855 - Late Pleistocene Argentina & Bolivia Extinct if valid Access
             
Hippidion principale Lund, 1846 - Late Pleistocene Argentina & Bolivia Extinct if valid Access
             
Hippidion saldiasi Roth, 1899 - Late Pleistocene Argentina & Chile Extinct if valid Access
             
Onager oviedoi Mooser, 1959 - Late Pleistocene Americas Invalid (synonym) Access

1 The taxonomy of fossil horses (Equus sp.) is still largely unresolved. Many species have been described, and which are valid is unclear. Some are missing from this list.

 

Family: Rhinocerotidae (Rhinoceroses)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Ceratotherium mauritanicum Pomel, 1888 - Holocene? Africa Extinct Access
             
Ceratotherium simum cottoni Lydekker, 1908 Northern white rhino(ceros), Nile rhino(ceros), Square-lipped rhino(ceros), Northern square-lipped rhino(ceros), Cotton’s white rhino(ceros), Cross's rhino(ceros) Functionally extinct Africa (Central African Republic, DR Congo, Sudan, Uganda) Extinct in the wild (functionally extinct) Access
             
Coelodonta antiquitatis Blumenbach, 1799 Woolly rhino(ceros) Late Pleistocene Eurasia Extinct Access
             
Dicerorhinus sumatrensis eugenei Sody, 1946 - Holocene Sumatra, Indonesia Extinct Access
             
Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis Buckland, 1872 Northern Sumatran rhinoceros, Northern hairy rhinoceros, Chittagong rhinoceros 1900 or later mainland Asia Missing Access
             
Diceros bicornis bicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) Southern black rhino(ceros), South-western black rhino(ceros), Cape rhino(ceros) c.1800-1850 Western Cape Province, South Africa Extinct Access
             
Diceros bicornis brucii Lesson, 1842 North-eastern black rhino(ceros) 1900's? Ethiopia Extinct? Access
             
Diceros bicornis chobiensis Zukowsky, 1965 Chobe black rhino(ceros) ? Africa Extinct? Access
             
Diceros bicornis ladoensis Groves, 1967 Uganda black rhino(ceros) ? Sudan (South Sudan?) & Uganda Extinct? Access
             
Diceros bicornis longipes Zukowsky, 1949 Western black rhino(ceros) 2012 West Africa Missing Access
             
Elasmotherium sibiricum Fisher von Valdgeim, 1808 Forehead-crested rhinoceros 26,038 ± 356 yBP Eurasia Extinct Access
             
Rhinoceros kagavena Deraniyagala, 1956 Sri Lankan rhino(ceros) Late Pleistocene? Sri Lanka Extinct Access
             
Rhinoceros philippinensis von Koenig(s)wald, 1956 Philippine rhinoceros Late Pleistocene Luzon, Philippines Extinct Access
             
Rhinoceros sinensis Owen, 1870 Chinese rhino(ceros) c. 66,000 BC China Extinct Access
             
Rhinoceros sinhaleyus Deraniyagala, 1936 Sri Lankan rhinoceros Late Pleistocene Sri Lanka Extinct Access
             
Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus Heude, 1892 Vietnamese Javan rhino(ceros) 29 April 2010 Cambodia, Laos, Thailand (eastern) & Vietnam Missing Access
             
Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis Lesson, 1838 Indian Javan rhinoceros pre-1925 Northeastern India, Bangladesh and Myanmar Extinct Access
             
Stephanorhinus hemitoechus Falconer, 1859 Narrow-nosed rhinoceros Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
             
Stephanorhinus hundsheimensis Toula, 1902 - Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
             
Stephanorhinus kirchbergensis Jäger, 1839 Merck's rhinoceros Late Pleistocene Eurasia Extinct Access

 

 

Family: Tapiridae (Tapirs)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Megatapirus augustus Matthew & Granger, 1923 Giant tapir Holocene China to Laos Extinct Access
             
Tapirus californicus Merriam, 1912 California tapir Late Pleistocene-Holocene border California, USA Extinct Access
             
Tapirus copei Simpson, 1945 Cope's tapir Middle Pleistocene? USA Invalid (synonym) Access
             
Tapirus cristatellus Winge, 1906 - Late Pleistocene or Holocene Minas Gerais State, Brazil Extinct Access
             
Tapirus haysii Leidy, 1860 - Late Pleistocene Florida, USA Extinct Access
             
Tapirus merriami Frick, 1921 Merriam's tapir Late Pleistocene USA Extinct Access
             
Tapirus mesopotamicus Ferrero & Noriega, 2007 - Late Pleistocene Argentina Extinct Access
             
Tapirus rondoniensis Winge, 1906 Rondonia tapir Late Pleistocene Brazil Extinct Access
             
Tapirus veroensis Sellards, 1918 Vero tapir Late Pleistocene Americas Extinct Access

 

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