Tapirus haysii Leidy, 1860 (1859?)

California tapir



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Tapirus copei Simpson, 1945


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



USA (incl. California & Florida)


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Leidy, J. (1859). Descriptions of vertebrate fossils, pp. 99-122. In: Holmes, F. S. (ed.). Post-Pleiocene Fossils of South Carolina. Charleston, South Carolina: Russell and Jones.


Other references:

Baghai-Riding, Nina L., Husley, Danielle B., Beck, Christine and Blackwell, Eric. (2017). Late Pleistocene megafauna from Mississippi alluvium plain gravel bars. Paludicola 11(3): 124-147. [automatic download]

Harris, Arthur H. (1993). Quaternary vertebrates of New Mexico, pp. 179-197. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in New Mexico, New Mexico Museum of Natural History, Bulletin 2:i-vii, 1-338.

Hulbert, R. C., Jr. (1995). The giant tapir, Tapirus haysii, from Leisey Shell Pit 1A and other Florida Irvingtonian localities: Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 37(2): 515-551.

Hulbert , Richard C. Jr. (2010). A new Early Pleistocene tapir (Mammalia: Perissodactyla) from Florida, with a review of Blancan tapirs from the state. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 49(3): 67-126.

van Linden, Lisa et al. (2022). Sagittal crest morphology decoupled from relative bite performance in Pleistocene tapirs (Perissodactyla: Tapiridae). Integrative Zoology.

Ray, C. E. (1964). Tapirus copei in the Pleistocene of Florida. Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences 27: 59–66.

Ray, C. E. and Sanders, A. E. (1984). Pleistocene tapirs in the eastern United States, pp. 283–315. In Genoways, H. H. and Dawson, M. R. (eds.). Contributions in Quaternary Vertebrate Paleontology: a Volume in Memorial to John E. Guilday. Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, Special Publication 8.

Simpson, George Gaylord. (1945). Notes on Pleistocene and Recent tapirs. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 86(2): 33-82. [18.29 MB file]

Stovall, J. W. and Johnston, C. S. (1934). Tapirus haysii of Oklahoma: American Midland Naturalist 15: 92-93.


<< Back to the Perissodactyla (Odd-Toed Ungulates) database