Breeds and Cultivars


Animal Breeds

Extinct dog breeds

Extinct and missing (unsorted)

Rediscovered (unsorted)



Plant cultivars

Extinct (unsorted)

Rediscovered (unsorted)




Ornamental trees




Domesticated/cultivated plants with (possibly) extinct ancestors

1. Onion

"The direct ancestor of onions is likely extinct"

Source: Chen, Xiaoyulong et al. (2021). The Himalayan Onion (Allium wallichii Kunth) Harbors Unique Spatially Organized Bacterial Communities. Microbial Ecology.


2. Faba bean

"A living wild type of this cultivated species is not known and it is possible that it is either extremely restricted in its geographical distribution or that it is extinct."

Source: Rottenberg, A. (2020). The origin of Vicia faba (Fabaceae): a quest of five decades. Fl. Medit. 30: 365-368.


3. Peach

"Despite ongoing research on peach origins through morphology, palynology, cytology, biochemistry, and DNA, the specific ancestor of peach is unclear. The Flora of China notes that the ancestor is extinct".

Source: Zheng, Y., Crawford, G. W. and Chen, X. (2014). Archaeological Evidence for Peach (Prunus persica) Cultivation and Domestication in China. PLoS ONE 9(9): e106595.


Plant species that have been cultivated [i.e. cultivars]:


{slider title="Proving papers" class="icon"}

Fruit trees
Name Proving paper
Cornus mas Weaver, Richard E. Jnr. (1976). The Cornelian Cherries. Arnoldia 36(2): 50-56.


Ornamental trees
Name Proving paper
Koelreuteria paniculata (Golden-rain tree) Santamour, Frank S. Jnr. and Spongberg, Stephen A. (1996). 'Rose Lantern': A New Cultivar of Koelreuteria paniculata, the Golden-Rain Tree. Arnoldia 56(2): 32-37.


Name Proving paper
Aloe arborescens ‘Estelle Potgieter’ Smith, Gideon F. et al. (2021). Aloe arborescens Mill. ‘Estelle Potgieter’ (Asphodelaceae subfam. Alooideae), a new cultivar in a variable species, with notes on aloes at the South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Bradleya 2021(39): 253-258. [Abstract]


Root vegetables

Arracacia xanthorrhiza (Arracacha)