enfrdeitjaptrues

The Recently Extinct Fungi Database

The conservation status assigned to each entry should be taken as, to varying degrees, tentative. Cases where there is no suitable habitat left are rare, and they may still persist in captivity (knowingly or not). Thus an airtight case for extinction is very difficult to build. While most cases of rediscovery are due to a failure to have previously surveyed significant parts of known or suitable habitat. Or the organism was not, or at least should not, have been feared extinct in the first place. Decades without a record means absolutely nothing in and of itself. While the taxonomic validity or synonymy of a given taxon is somewhat subjective, and there is the very slight risk that a taxon will be (consciously or subconsciously) synonymised in order to reduce the number of extinctions.

 

Phylum: Ascomycota (Sac Fungi)

Class: Ascomycetes

Order: Pertusariales

Family: Megasporaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Aspicilia tuberculosa (Ach.) J. R. Laundon - c.1830 Great Britain Missing Access

 

 

Class: Dothideomycetes

Order: Microthyriales

Family: Microthyriaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Asterinella hiugensis I. Hino & Hidaka, 1934   - Miyazaki Prefecture, Kyushu, Japan Rediscovered Access

 

 

Class: Eurotiomycetes

Order: Eurotiales

Family: Trichocomaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Penicillium paradoxum (Fennell & Raper) - - India Rediscovered Access

 

Order: Onygenales

Family: Onygenaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Chrysosporium synchronum Oorschot, 1980   - Slovakia Rediscovered Access

 

 

Order: Pyrenulales

Family: Pyrenulaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Pyrenula micheneri Harris, 1989 Michener's wart lichen 1893 Oregon County, Oregon, USA Missing Access

 

 

Order: Verrucariales

Family: Verrucariaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Catapyrenium heppioides (Zahlbr.) J.W. Thomson, 1987   1911 Los Angeles area, California, USA Missing Access

 

 

Class: Lecanoromycetes

Order: Acarosporales

Family: Acarosporaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Acarospora orcuttii K. Knudsen, 2010 - 1884 California, USA "Missing" Access

 

 

Order: Lecanorales

Family: Parmeliaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Bryoria divergescens (Nyl.) Brodo & D. Hawksw.   - Sichuan & Yunna, China Rediscovered Access
Neuropogon lambii Imshaug, 1954 - - Washington, USA Rediscovered Access

 

Order: Ostropales

Family: Graphidaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Thelotrema philippinum Rivas Plata, Sipman & Lücking, 2014     Philippines Missing Access

 

Order: Peltigerales

Family: Pannariaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Erioderma asahinae Zahlbr.     Mount Kōya, Wakayama Prefecture, Kii Peninsula, Honshū, Japan Missing Access

 

Order: Teloschistales

Family: Teloschistaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Caloplaca allanii
Zahlbr.   - Waitakere Ranges coastline, west of Auckland, North Island, New Zealand Rediscovered Access
Caloplaca haematites (Chaub. ex St. -Amans) Zwackh   - Britain Rediscovered Access

 

Family: Physciaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Phaeophyscia leana (Tuck.) Essl.   - Alabama & Tennessee, USA Rediscovered Access

 

 

Class: Leotiomycetes

Order: Erysiphales

Family: Erysiphaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Cystotheca tjibodensis (Gäum.) Katumoto, 1973 - - Java, Indonesia Rediscovered Access
Erysiphe takamatsui Y. Nomura, 1997 - - Japan Rediscovered Access

 

Class: Sordariomycetes

Order: Hypocreales

Family: Hypocreaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Diplocladium gregarium Bres., 1903   - Germany Rediscovered Access

 

 

Family: incertae sedis
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Escovopsis aspergilloides Seifert et al. 1995 - - Trinidad Rediscovered Access
Escovopsis weberi Muchovej & Della Lucia, 1990 - - Cuba Rediscovered Access

 

Class: incertae sedis

Order: incertae sedis

Family: incertae sedis
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Diploöspora rosea Grove, 1916 - - Italy & Micronesia Rediscovered Access

 

 

Phylum: Basidiomycota

Class: Agaricomycetes

Order: Agaricales

Family: Agaricaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Agaricus hahashimensis Ito & Imai, 1940 - 1936 or later Mount Sekimon, Hahajima, Bonin Islands, Japan Missing Access
Coprinus boninensis S. Ito & S. Imai, 1940   1936 or later Chichijima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access
Lepiota boninensis S. Ito & S. Imai, 1939   1936 or later Chichijima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access
Lepiota locaniensis Espinosa, 1936     Chile Extinct Access

 

Family: Crepidotaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Pyrrhoglossum subpurpureum Ito & Imai, 1940   ? Mount Sekimon, Hahajima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access

 

Family: Entolomataceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Rhodophyllus brunneolus (S. Ito & S. Imai) S. Ito, 1959   ? Mount Asahi, Chichijima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Invalid (synonym) Access

 

Family: Hygrophoraceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Camarophyllus microbicolor (Ito & Imai) Ito, 1959   1936 or later Bonin Islands, Japan Missing Access
Hygrocybe macrospora
(S. Ito & S. Imai) S. Ito, 1959   1936 Chichijima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access
Hygrocybe miniatostriata (S. Ito & S. Imai) S. Ito, 1959   1936 or later Chichijima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access

 

Family: Marasmiaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Campanella boninensis (S. Ito & S. Imai) Parmasto, 1981     Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access
Neonothopanus gardneri (Berk. ex Gardner) Capelari, Desjardin, B.A.Perry, T.Asai, Stevani (2011) Gardner's Glowing mushroom - Brazil Rediscovered Access

 

Family: Nidulariaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Cyathus badius Kobayasi, 1937 - - Ogasawara Islands, Japan Rediscovered Access
Cyathus boninensis S. Ito & S. Imai, 1937   1936 or later Chichijima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access

 

Family: Pleurotaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Pleurotus cyatheae S. Ito & S. Imai, 1939   1936 or later Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access
Pleurotus placentodes (Berk.) Sacc., 1887 - - China & India Rediscovered Access
 
Family: Pluteaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Pluteus daidoi
S. Ito & S. Imai, 1940   1936 or later Mount Kuwanoki, Hahajima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access
Pluteus horridilamellus S. Ito & S. Imai, 1940   1936 or later Mount Kuwanoki, Hahajima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access
Pluteus machidae S. Ito & S. Imai, 1940   1936 or later Mount Sekimon, Hahajima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access
Pluteus okabei S. Ito & S. Imai, 1940   1936 or later Mount Asahi, Chichijima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access
Pluteus verruculosus S. Ito & S. Imai, 1940   1936 or later Mount Sekimon, Hahajima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access

 

Family: Psathyrellaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Psathyrella boninense (S. Ito & S. Imai) S. Ito, 1959   1936 or later Mount Sekimon, Hahajima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access
Psathyrella cystidiosa (Peck) A.H. Sm., 1972     USA? ? Access
Psathyrella rhodospora M.G. Weaver & A.H. Sm., 1972     USA? ? Access

 

Family: Strophariaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Gymnopilus noviholocirrhus S. Ito & S. Imai, 1940   1936 or later Mount Kuwanoki, Hahajima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access

 

Family: Tricholomataceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Clitocybe castaneofloccosa S. Ito & S. Imai, 1939   1936 or later Chichijima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access
Collybia matris S. Ito & S. Imai, 1939   1936 or later Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access
Leptoglossum boninense (S.Ito & Imai) Imazeki & Hongo   1936 or later Chichijima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Invalid (nomen nudum) Access

 

 

Order: Boletales

Family: Boletaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Boletus nitidus violascens (Alb. & Schwein.) Mussat, 1900     Switzerland Invalid (synonym) Access
Gastroboletus imbellus Trappe, 1969   1960's USA Missing Access
Octaviania macrospora Singer & A.H. Sm., 1960     Oregon, USA Missing Access
Strobilomyces polypyramis Hook. f., in Berkeley, 1851 - - Sikkim, India Rediscovered Access

 

Family: Sclerogastraceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Sclerogaster luteocarneus (Bresadola) Zeller & C.W. Dodge, 1935 - - Brazil Rediscovered Access

 

Order: Cantharellales

Family: Cantharellaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Cantharellus camphoratus R.H. Petersen, 1979 - - Canada Rediscovered Access

 

Order: Hysterangiales

Family: Hysterangiaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Circulocolumella hahashimensis (S. Ito & S. Imai) S. Ito & S. Imai   1936 Mount Sekimon, Hahajima, Bonin Islands, Japan Missing Access

 

Order: Polyporales

Family: Polyporaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Lentinus lamelliporus Har. & Pat., 1902   1902 or later Tokyo administrative prefecture, Kantō region, Honshu, Japan Missing Access

 

 

Order: Russulales

Family: Albatrellaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Albatrellus cantharellus (Lloyd) Pouzar, 1972 - 1914 or later Miyagi Prefecture, Tōhoku region, Honshu, Japan Missing Access

 

Family: Russulaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Lactarius ogasawarashimensis S. Ito & S. Imai, 1940   1936 or later Chichijima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access
Russula boninensis S. Ito & S. Imai, 1940   1936 or later Chichijima, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara Islands), Japan Missing Access
Russula punctipes Singer, 1935 - (rediscovered) China Rediscovered Access

 

 

Class: Dacrymycetes

Order: Dacrymycetales

Family: Dacrymycetaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Dacrymyces pezizoides Kobayasi, 1939 - (rediscovered) Japan Rediscovered Access


 

Phylum: Chytridiomycota

Class: Chytridiomycetes

Order: Spizellomycetales

Family: Olpidiaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Nucleophaga amoebae P. A. Dang, 1896 - - ? Rediscovered Access

 

Phylum: Entomophthoromycota

Class: Entomophthoromycetes 

Order: Entomophthorales

Family: Entomophthoraceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Erynia aquatica (J.F. Anderson & Anagnost.) Remaud. & Hennebert, 1980 - - New York, USA Rediscovered Access

 

 

Phylum: incertae sedis

Order: Mucorales

Family: Cunninghamellaceae
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Cunninghamella homothallica Komin. & Tubaki 1952   ? Japan Extinct in the wild Access

 

Notes:

1 Taxonomic ranks encompassed by square brackets (i.e. "[" and "]") have no relevant subordinate taxa. That is, none of the species or subspecies included therein both a) survived at least until the late Pleistocene and b) are considered missing, extinct, rediscovered, or have been removed from these former categories due to taxonomic invalidity. This juxtaposition of non-empty and empty taxonomic units helps to identify potential instances of taxonomic bias in recent extinctions, and by extension those groups of organisms that may have an innate buffer against extinction.