Equus ovodovi Eisenmann & Sergej, 2011:522

Ovodov horse



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Holocene (Cai et al., 2022)





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Eisenmann,  Véra and Sergej Vasiliev. (2011). Unexpected finding of a new Equus species (Mammalia, Perissodactyla) belonging to a supposedly extinct subgenus in late Pleistocene deposits of Khakassia (southwestern Siberia). Geodiversitas 33(3): 519-530.


Other references:

Cai, Dawei et al. (2022). Radiocarbon and genomic evidence for the survival of Equus Sussemionus until the late Holocene. eLife 11: e73346.

Cirilli, Omar, Machado, H., Arroyo-Cabrales, J., Barrón-Ortiz, C. I., Davis, E., Jass, C. N., Jukar, A. M., Landry, Z., Marín-Leyva, A. H., Pandolfi, L., Pushkina, D., Rook, L., Saarinen, J., Scott, E., Semprebon, G., Strani, F., Villavicencio, N. A., Kaya, F. and Bernor, R. L. (2022). Evolution of the Family Equidae, Subfamily Equinae, in North, Central and South America, Eurasia and Africa during the Plio-Pleistocene. Biology 11(9): 1258.

Orlando L., Metcalf J.L., Alberdi M.T., Telles-Antunes M., Bonjean D., Otte M., Martin F., Eisenmann V., Mashkour M., Morello F., et al. (2009). Revising the recent evolutionary history of equids using ancient DNA. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences  of the United States of America 106(51): 21754-21759.

Plasteeva, Natalya A., Vasiliev, Sergey K., Klementiev, A. M. and Kosintsev, Pavel A. (2022). Morphological Differentiation of Equids (Equus ovodovi, Equus hemionus) and Their Distribution Ranges in Western Siberia in the Late Pleistocene. Biology Bulletin 48: S197-S207.

Plasteeva, Natalya A., Vasiliev, Sergey K. and Kosintsev, Pavel A. (2015). Equus (Sussemionus) ovodovi Eisenmann et Vasiliev, 2011 from the Late Pleistocene of Western Siberia. Russian Journal of Theriology 14(2): 187-200.

Titov, V. V. and Tesakov, A. S. (2010). Quaternary stratigraphy and paleontology of the southern Russia: connections between Europe, Africa and Asia.  (p. 78. Rostov-on-Don, International Union for Quaternary Research, Section on European Quaternary Stratigraphy, Southern Scientific Centre, Russian Academy of Sciences Geological Institute.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, S. A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577), 2564-2576.

YANG Miao-miao, HU Song-mei, GUO Xiaoning, WANG Weilin, YANG Tong. (2022). Research on the faunal remains from Muzhuzhuliang Site in Shenmu city Shaanxi Province. Acta Anthropologica Sinica 41(3): 394-405.

Yuan, J-X., Hou, X-D., Barlow, A., Preick, M., Taron, U. H., Alberti, F. et al. (2019). Molecular identification of late and terminal Pleistocene Equus ovodovi from northeastern China. PLoS ONE 14(5): e0216883.


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