Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis Buckland, 1872:89

Northern Sumatran rhinoceros, Northern hairy rhinoceros, Hairy-eared Sumatran rhinoceros, Chittagong rhinoceros



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Rhinoceros lasiotis Buckland, 1872:89


Conservation Status


Last record: 1900 or later

IUCN RedList status: "Probably Extinct"



Bangaldesh, Bhutan, Northern Burma (Myanmar), India (just eastern Pakistan?) (and Thailand?)


NB: The exact former geographic distribution of this subspecies is uncertain as different sources give the distribution as being composed of different countries.


Biology & Ecology







Above: Jackson, a young male at London Zoo. Photographer unknown, dated 1903-1905. Published in Edwards (1996). Source: Wikimedia Commons.


Above: Begum (the holotype), an old female at London Zoo. Photographer unknown, dated c.1890. Published in Edwards (1996:124). Source: Wikimedia Commons.


Other photos can be found in (Edwards, 1996).



Original scientific description:

Buckland, F. (1872). A new rhinoceros at the Zoological Gardens. Land and  Water, August 10, 1872: 89 .


Other references:

Baird, I. G. (1995). Lao PDR: an overview of traditional medicines derived from wild animals and plants. TRAFFIC Southeast Asia.

Brandt, Jessica R. et al. (2018). Genetic structure and diversity among historic and modern populations of the Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis). Journal of Heredity. [Abstract]

Choudhury, Anwaruddin U. (1997). The status of the Sumatran rhinoceros in north-eastern India. Oryx 31(2): 151-152.

Choudhury, Anwaruddin U. (2003). The Mammals of Arunachal Pradesh. New Delhi: Regency Publications.

Choudhury, Anwaruddin U. (2005). A new historic record of the Sumatran rhinoceros in north-eastern India. Pachyderm 39: 91-92, figs. 1-2

Choudhury, Anwaruddin U. (2013). The Mammals of North East India. Guwahati: Gibbon Books & Rhino Foundation. 432 pp.

Corbett, G. B. and Hill, J. E. (1992). The Mammals of the Indomalayan Region: A Systematic Review. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

David-Beaulieu, A. (1944). Les oiseaux du Tranninh. Hanoi: Université Indochinoise.

de Monestrol, H. (1952). Chasses et faune d’Indochine. Saigon: Portail.

Delacour, J. (1940). Liste provisoire des mammifères de l’Indochine française. Mammalia 4: 20-29, 46-58.

Deuve, J. (1972). Les mammifères du Laos. Vientiane: Ministère de l’éducation nationale.

Duckworth, J. W. and Hedges, S. (1998). A review of the status of Tiger, Asian Elephant, Gaur and Banteng in Vietnam, Lao, Cambodia and Yunnan (China), with recommendations for future conservation action. Hanoi: WWF Indochina Programme.

Edwards, John. (1996). London Zoo from Old Photographs: 1852-1914. London: John Edwards. 240 pp.

Groves, Colin P. (1967).  On the rhinoceroses of South-East Asia. Säugertierk. Mitt. 15: 221-237.

Groves, Colin P. and Kurt, Fred. (1972). Dicerorhinus sumatrensis. Mammalian Species 21: 1-6, 4 figs.

Harper, F. (1940). The nomenclature and type localities of certain old world mammals. Journal of  Mammalogy 21: 191 -203.

Khan, M. (1989). Asian Rhinos: An Action Plan For Their Conservation. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Lander, Brian and Brunson, Katherine. (2018). The Sumatran rhinoceros was extirpated from mainland East Asia by hunting and habitat loss. Current Biology 28(6): R252-R253. [Abstract]

Lydekker, Richard (1900). The great and small game of India, Burma, and Tibet. Asian Educational Services.

Martin, E. B. (1992). The trade and uses of wildlife products in Laos. TRAFFIC Bull. 13: 23-28.

Martin, E. B. and Vigne, L. (1991). The horn quintet. BBC Wildlife 9(5): 356-357.

Milroy, A. J. W. (1934). The preservation of wildlife in India. No. 3, Assam. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 37(suppl.): 97-104.

Rabinowitz, A., Schaller, G. and Uga, U. (1995). A survey to assess the status of the Sumatran rhinoceros and other large mammal species in Tamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary, Myanmar. Oryx 29: 123-128.

Robichaud, W. G. (1998). WCS trip report: Bolikhamxay Saola survey, 15-24 January 1998. Vientiane: WCS.

Rookmaaker, Kees. (1980). The distribution of the rhinoceros in eastern India, Bangladesh, China, and the Indo-Chinese region. Zool. Anz., Jena 205: 253-268.

Rookmaaker, L. C. (1984). The taxonomic history of the recent forms of Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis). Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. 57 (1): 12-25.

Rookmaaker, Kees. (2003). Historic records of the Sumatran rhinoceros in north-east India. The Rhino Foundation for Nature in NE India Newsletter 5: 11-12.

Rookmaaker, Kees. (2019). Mauled by a rhinoceros: the final years of Alfred Duvaucel (1793-1824) in India. Zoosystema 41(14): 259-267.

Sclater,  P. L.,  1872a. Notes on Bopithems  bicolor and Rhinoceros lasiotis. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4)  10: 298-299.

Sclater,  P. L. (1872b). [On Rhinoceros lasiotis.] Attenaeum, August 24,1872: 243.

Sclater,  P. L. (1872c). Rhinoceroses. Nature, 5: 426-428,2  figs.

Sclater,  P. L. (1872d). The new rhinoceros. Nature, 6: 518-51  9.

Sclater,  P. L. (1872e).  [Announcement  of the  addition to the Society's collection of  a female Sumatran rhinoceros.]  Proceedings  of  the Zoological Society of  London,  1872: 185.

Sclater,  P. L. (1872f). A new Asiatic rhinoceros. Popular Science Refew,  1 1 :432.

Sclater,  P. L. 1873. On a new  rhinoceros, with remarks on the recent species of this genus and their distribution. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of science 42(3): 140.

Talukdar, N.R., Choudhury, P., Barbhuiya, R. A., Ahmad, F., Daolagupu, D. and Baishya, J. B. (2021). Mammals of northeastern India: an updated checklist. Journal of Threatened Taxa 13(4): 18059-18098. doi:

van Strien, N.J., Manullang, B., Sectionov, Isnan, W., Khan, M.K.M, Sumardja, E., Ellis, S., Han, K.H., Boeadi, Payne, J. & Bradley Martin, E. (2008). Dicerorhinus sumatrensis. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. ( Downloaded on 29 October 2011.


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