The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

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Thylacinus cynocephalus (Harris, 1808:174)

Thylacine, Tasmanian tiger, Marsupial wolf etc.

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Original scientific description:

Harris, George Prideaux. (1808). Description of two new species of Didelphis from Van Diemen's Land. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 9(1): 174-178.

Protonym: Didelphis cynocephala Harris, 1808:174

 

Other synonyms: Didelphis cynocephalus Harris, 1808:174 (first used by Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1810; given as 'Geoffrey' by Guiler & Godard, 1998:15); Dasyurus cynocephalus Harris, 1808 [Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1810]; Dasyrus cynocephalus Harris, 1808:174 [orth. error by Saint-Hilaire, 1810:301]; Thylacynus cynocephala Harris, 1808 [unwarranted emendation by Temminck, 1827]; Thylocinus cynocephalus Harris, 1808:174 (orth. error by Anon., 1868:6); Thylouinus Cynocephalus Harris, 1808:174 (orth. error used by "Our Own Reporter"., 1875:3); Mylacinos cynocepholus Harris, 1808:174 (orth. error by Anonymous, 1880); Thylacina (used by Anon., 1886); Peracyon Gray, 1825:340 or 344; Peracyon cynocephalus Harris, 1808 [Gray, 1843:xxii,212]; Paracyon Griffith, Smith & Pidgeon, 1827b:192; Paracyon cynocephalus Harris, 1808 [Gray, 1843:97]Bidelphus cynocephala Harris, 1808:174 [orthographic error by Lord & Scott, 1924:264]; Thylacinus Harrisii Temminck, 1824; Thylacynus Harisii Temminck, 1824 [orth. error used by McCulloch, 1849:217]; Thylacinus Harrissii (see 'Author? (1830)' here); Thylacinus harrisi Temminck, 1824 [orth. error used by Thomas, 1888:256]; Lycaon Wagler, 1830 [Mahoney & Ride, 1988:11 state "non Lycaon Gray, 1825", should read "non Lycaon Brook[e]s, 1827"]; Dasyurus Lucocephalus Grant, 1831; Dasyurus leucocephalus Grant, 1831 (orth. error used by Gray, 1843:97); Thylacynus striatus Burnett, 1830 (taxonomic decision: Blyth, 1863:80; contra Jackson & Groves, 2015:77); Thylacinus striatus Burnett, 1830; Peralöpex Gloger, 1841:xxx,82; Thylacinus communis Anon, 1859; Thylacinus breviceps Krefft, 1868:296; Thylacinus spelaeus Owen, 1845 (taxonomic decision: Dawson, 1982); Thylacinus major Owen, 1877 (taxonomic decision: Dixon, 1989); Thylacinus rostralis De Vis, 1894 (taxonomic decision: Dixon, 1989); Thylacinus cyanocephalus (Harris, 1808:174) [orth. error used by Witter, 2007:23; Abbott, 2008:3,102; Cosgrove et al., 2014:179].

 

 

Tasmanian aboriginal names:

Coorinna, Loarinna, Loarinnah, Laoonana, Lagūnta, Ka-nunnah (see Milligan, 1859; Freeman, 2005b:13)

Lowerinna (Anonymous, 1842:318)

 

Footnote 36 from (Smith, 2012):

"According to George Augustus Robinson to the Aborigines of Van Diemen’s Land the thylacine was known along the east coast as mannalargenna; in the Oyster Bay area as larn.ter; to the Bruny Islanders as can.nen.ner; on the north coast as clin.ner; and in the Cape Grim area as cab.berr.one.nen.er. Cited in N Plomley ed. Friendly Mission. The Tasmanian Journals and Papers of George Augustus Robinson 1829-1834 (Tasmanian Historical Research Association, Kingsgrove, NSW: Halstead Press, 1966), 786."

 

Aboriginal song (for women) about Tasmanian animals:

"Aboriginal Song sung by the Women in chorus, by various Tribes of the Natives of Van Diemen's Land.

Nīkkĕh nīngĕh tībrĕh nīckĕh mōllŷgă pōllŷlă...
The married woman hunts the kangaroo and wallaby. . .
Nāmă rykēnnĕh trĕhgānā...
The emu runs in the forest...
Nābĕh thīnnīnnĕh trĕhgānă.
The boomer (kangaroo) runs in the forest.
Nĕhnānĕh kĕhgrēnnă... nynābythĭnnĕh...
The young emu... the little kangaroo...
trīngĕh gūggĕrră... pȳāthĭnnĕh...
the little joey (sucking kangaroo)... the bandicoot...
nŷnābŷthīnnĕh-kōōbrŷnĕh... mārĕh tĕrrēnnĕh...
the little kangaroo-rat... the white kangaroo-rat...
pŷāthĭnnĕh pŭngōōthīnnĕh... lŏŏkōōthīnnĕh...
the little opossum... the ringtailed opossum...
mytōppynĕh... trŷnōōnĕh...
the big opossum... the tiger-cat...
wāthĕrrūngĭnnă... mārĕh būnnă..
the dog-faced opossum... the black cat."

Source: http://gutenberg.net.au/ebooks13/1300961h.html

 

Mainland aboriginal names:

None known from south-west WA (fide Abbott, 2008)

 

Mainland aboriginal names (disputed):

marrukurli (Tunbridge, 1991 [suggests the possibility]; Paddle, 2000 [accepts the identification])

 

Conservation Status

 

Section 1. Present Knowledge

 

Current global conservation status: Missing, possibly extinct.

Last record (wild): between 2 and 9 August 1930 (Anonymous, 1930)

Last record (captivity): 7 September 1936 (Smith, 1981)

 

Discussion

The thylacine is believed to have been endemic to Tasmania at the time of European contact. As there is no evidence for the species outside Tasmania beyond around 3.2ka. However, the latest non-Tasmanian dates reflect major sampling bias, as sites from northern Australia and New Guinea and not well represented. Thus it is possible that these latter areas acted as refugia for the species after it's 3.2ka extinction elsewhere (i.e. southern Australia).

Most searches and expeditions have taken place in Tasmania, since this reflects the species' most recently known persistence. In total there have been several dozen of these (e.g. Guiler & Godard, 1998).

New Guinea thylacines, in all senses, are an enigma.

 

Section 2. Past Occurrences

I have begun a database of published and unpublished fossil and subfossil localities and specimens.

 

Last record by geographical area:

New Guinea:

Accepted: <c.5000 cal BP (Sutton et al., 2009:54)

 

Mainland Australia:

Accepted: 3290±49 years BP (White et al., 2018);

Reported but not accepted: 3,030yBP (McDowell, 1997)

Reported but not accepted: 1840's (Paddle, 2000) (Paddle's claims are refuted here)

 

Tasmania:

Accepted: 7 September 1936

Reported but not accepted: hundreds of reports by eyewitnesses (incomplete database of reports)

 

Section 3. Unconfirmed Reports

NB: Still to be written.

 

Section 4. IUCN Status and Publications

 

 

Biology

 

"Ecology: terrestrial, predator, open forest, woodland, open scrub, tussock grassland, littoral; found throughout favouring coastal plains, scrub and savannah woodland, but probably not dense forest."

Source: Mahoney, J. A. and Ride, W. D. L. (1988). Thylacinidae, pp. 11-13. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 5. Mammalia. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service.

 

"The thylacine was probably a pounce–pursuit predator of fairly open habitats, which killed medium-sized prey (1–5 kg) that were small relative to its body size (15–30 kg), with a crushing, penetrating bite."

Source: Jones, Menna Elizabeth and Stoddart, D. Michael. (1998). Reconstruction of the predatory behaviour of the extinct marsupial thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus). J. Zool. (Lond.) 246(2): 239-246. [Abstract]

 

Diet (excluding claims of domestic predation):

 

"The thylacines hunt the kangaroos and bandicoots, and also attack the echidnas, which they succeed in strangling and devouring despite the spines that constitute the defensive armor of these singular mammals. It is even asserted that formerly, while they were as yet wandering upon the sea shore, they fed greedily upon the remains of seals, decayed fish and molluscs cast up by the waves"

Source: Anonymous. (1890). The dog-headed opossum. Leader (Melbourne), Saturday, 26 April, p. 8.

 

 

Morphology

 

"thylacines have exactly the physiognomy of the wolf in their conical head, erect ears, and elongated snout truncated at the extremity. They have also the formidable dentition of the wolf, the numerous incisors and the sharp molars, although the latter do not offer the same proportions. The body is more slender and sits lower on the legs, and the tail is much more tapering, more woolly and colored entirely differently. The coat of the thylacines, in fact, is of a brownish grey, variogated with yellow, which becomes lighter toward the lower parts of the body, and which upon the loins is crossed by 14 dark stripes. These stripes, which are very sharply outlined, recall those of the ichneumons, and increase in length up to the hips, where they fork and are continued upon the base of the tail by three or four similar but much shorter stripes. The tail, which is provided with coarse hairs, is of a dark brown above, of a lighter shade beneath, and blackish at the extremity. The head is of a pale shade, but a dark line extends on each side through the eye, at the angle of which there is a tawny spot, and the muzzle is of a dark color, with a little white on the edge of the upper lip. The latter is provided with long mustaches, and, as in the dog, a few hairs are implanted in the cheeks and over the eyes, which latter are large and have a dark chestnut brown ball."

Source: Anonymous. (1890). The dog-headed opossum. Leader (Melbourne), Saturday, 26 April, p. 8.

 

 

Interspecific aggression

 

Attacks on humans:

Reported thylacine attacks on humans are extremely rare. In all cases, either the animal was severely incapacitated, or it is too difficult to conclude who the true aggressor was. See (Paddle, 2000:92-93) for an extended discussion of reported thylacine attacks.

 

"A curious circumstance happened at Mr. Blinkworth's, Jerusalem, the other day. A native tiger, as it is called, boldly entered his cottage, where his family was assembled, and seized one of the little children by the hair, but fortunately missed its bite. Mr. Blinkworth who was confined to the house with a lame hand, alertly seized the animal by the tail and dashing it on the ground speedily killed it."

Source: Hobart Town Courier, Saturday, 17 April, 1830

 

The Sydney Morning Herald (22 May, 1872) reported that a Mr James Jones was approached by a tiger coming out of the scrub (quoted by Whitley, 1973).

 

Distribution

Please note that I have begun to compile a separate list of fossil sites containing the thylacine.

 

Prehistoric Distribution:

 

[b]Palaeontological records:[/b]

 

"...a skull was collected recently in a Moore River cave, north of Perth (W.A.)."

(Troughton, 1973:44)

 

[u]Kangaroo Island, South Australia[/u]

135.4 ± 5.9 kya (Boar Beach locality), fossilized footprints [Camens et al., 2017]
≥ 28.2±2.7 kya (Rocky River homestead locality), osteological specimen [Wells et al., 2006]
14.25-13.8 kya (Kelly Hill Cave K1-P2 L7E locality), osteological specimen [Adams et al., 2016]

 

Hunter Island, Bass Strait, Tasmania

Bowdler (1984) reported a single molar tooth dating from 15,400 BP.

 

[b]Modern records:[/b]

[u]King Island, Tasmania[/u]

The species has been reported as absent from the island (Campbell, 1888:164; Emu Bay Times and North West and West Coast Advocate 24.ix.1898:3; Marshall & Hope, 1973).

 

Historical Distribution:

The thylacine was historically confined to the island of Tasmania, off the south-eastern coast of Australia.

 

Hypodigm

 

Lost specimens

While we might have lost the thylacine, there are many specimens in both museum and private collections. However, many of these have been lost, twice in a sense:

"A total of 46 specimens are noted as having been destroyed, the majority lost in bombing raids during the Second World War." (Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018:508)

 

Paterson's reproductive organs

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Campbell, Cameron R. (2018). The International Thylacine Specimen Database (6th Revision - Project Summary & Final Report). Australian Zoologist 39(3): 480-512. [Abstract]

 

Harris' type specimen

Measured 5ft 10in (Harris, 1808), which (Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018) puzzlingly describe as a "juvenile male". Hardly so. Described as "whereabouts unknown" by (Mahoney & Ride, 1988:12) and "assumed to be lost or destroyed" by (Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018).

Sources:

Mahoney, J. A. and Ride, W. D. L. (1988). Thylacinidae, pp. 11-13. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 5. Mammalia. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service.

Renshaw, Graham. (1905). More Natural History Essays. London: Sherratt and Hughes.

Renshaw, Graham. (1938). The Thylacine. Journal of the Society for the Preservation of the Fauna of the Empire 35: 47-49.

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Campbell, Cameron R. (2018). The International Thylacine Specimen Database (6th Revision - Project Summary & Final Report). Australian Zoologist 39(3): 480-512. [Abstract]

 

Bullock Museum specimen

Acquired sometime between 1808 and 1812. Measured 5ft 3in (Bullock, 1812,1813,1816). Described by Bullock in 1812 as the only preserved specimen in existence, supporting the possibility that Harris' type specimen was never preserved.

 

Sources:

Bullock, William. (1813). A companion to the London Museum and Pantherion : containing a brief description of upwards of fifteen thousand natural and foreign curiosities, antiquities, and productions of the fine arts now open for public inspection in the Egyptian Temple, Piccadilly, London. London: Printed for the proprietor by Whittingham and Rowland. xii + 151 pp. [pp. 130-131]

Temminck, Coenraad J. (1824). Sur le genre Sarigue - Didelphis (Linn.). and Sur les mammifères du genre Dasyure, et sur deux genres voisins, les Thylacynes et les Phascogales, pp. 21-54, pls. 5-6 and pp. 55-72, pls. 7-8 in Temminck, Coenraad J. (1824-1827). Monographies de Mammalogie, ou description de quelques genres de mammifères dont les espèces ont été observées dans lens différens musées de l'Europe. Ouvrage accompagné de planches d'Ostéologie, pouvant servir de suite et de complément aux notices sur les animaux vivans, publiées par M. le Baron G. Cuvier, dans ses recherches sur les ossemens fossiles. Paris: G. Dufour et E. D'Ocagne Tom. 1 [23, 60].

http://www.naturalworlds.org/thylacine/biology/specimens/specimens_5.htm

 

The two 1817 specimens?

 

"M. Brocks" specimen

Sources:

Temminck, Coenraad Jacob. (1824). Sur le genre Sarigue - Didelphis (Linn.). and Sur les mammifères du genre Dasyure, et sur deux genres voisins, les Thylacynes et les Phascogales, pp. 21-54, pls. 5-6 and pp. 55-72, pls. 7-8 in Temminck, Coenraad J. (1824-1827). Monographies de Mammalogie, ou description de quelques genres de mammifères dont les espèces ont été observées dans lens différens musées de l'Europe. Ouvrage accompagné de planches d'Ostéologie, pouvant servir de suite et de complément aux notices sur les animaux vivans, publiées par M. le Baron G. Cuvier, dans ses recherches sur les ossemens fossiles. Paris: G. Dufour et E. D'Ocagne Tom. 1 [23, 60].

Renshaw, Graham. (1905). More Natural History Essays. London: Sherratt and Hughes.

 

 

International Collections

The Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard

These are the only specimens that I am aware of the museum having:

MCZ 6014 (mounted skeleton; sex unspecified)
MCZ 6349 (mounted skin; sex unspecified)
MCZ 36797 (most elements present; sex unspecified)

 

Carnegie Museum

CM 20975(juvenile)

 

Natural History Museum, London

BMNH 1887.5.18.9 (pouch young; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

 

Leeds Museum

1 taxidermy and 5 skulls (Anonymous. (2017). Leeds Specimens Help Solve Mystery Of Tasmanian Tiger's Tale. Yorkshire Reporter 2017(November): 25.)

 

Natural History Museum Vienna

NMW ST 132 (Zachos, 2020)

 

Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle

MNHP 2000-153 (Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

MNHN 1884-262 (Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

 

Cambridge University Zoological Museum

Phys. Cat. 390D (dried stomach) (Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

 

Zoological Museum of the University (Heidelberg)

ZMUH31 (Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

 

Forschungsinstitut & Schaumuseum Senckenberg

SMF6675 (juvenile) (Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

 

University of California Museum of Paleontology

UCMP 45183 (Dawson, 1985:65)

 

National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

USNM 124662 (skin, adult female which died at Washington Zoo in 1904; from same individual as 49723; Miller et al., 2009:supplement)

USNM 125345 (skin, adult male; son of USNM 124662/49723; same individual as 49724 died at Washington Zoo in 1905) (Miller et al., 2009:supplement)

USNM 155387 (Senter & Moch, 2015)

USNM 155408 (flat skin; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

AMNH 160248 (van Deusen, 1963:280)

USNM 238801 (Senter & Moch, 2015)

AMNH 35866 (Mittelbach & Crewdson, 2006)

USNM 49723 (skull, adult female which died at Washington Zoo in 1904; from same individual as 124662; Miller et al., 2009:supplement)

USNM 49724 (skull, adult male; son of USNM 124662/49723; same individual as 125345; died at Washington Zoo in 1905) (Miller et al., 2009:supplement; Senter & Moch, 2015)

AMNH 77701 (van Deusen, 1963:280)

 

Field Museum of Natural History (Chicago)

FMNH 81522 (head skin) (Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

 

Museum of Vertebrates, Cornell University (New York)

 

 

Merseyside County Museums, Liverpool

These are the only specimens that I am aware of the museum having:

MCM 26.9.1910 (ss and limb bones) (Fisher, 1984:208)
MCM 1979.21 (sk) (Fisher, 1984:208)

 

The Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery, University of Glasgow, Scotland

These are the only specimens that I am aware of the museum having:

GLAHM Z503 (mount, sex not specified, see here)

GLAHM Z1358 (skull, juvenile female, see here)

 

The Grant Museum of Zoology, London

These are the only specimens that I am aware of the museum having:

UCLZ 87 (skull, lacking lower mandible; female)

UCLZ 88 (skull and mandible)

UCLZ 89 (mounted skeleton)

UCLZ 90 (skull and lower mandible)

UCLZ 1479 (skull and mandible; male)

UCLZ 1653 (four fluid body part specimens of torso; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

 

National Museums of Scotland

NMSZ 1980.67 (adult female) (McOrist et al., 1993)
NMSZ 1868.30.1 (adult male) (McOrist et al., 1993)

 

Swedish Museum of Natural History (Stockholm)

NRM 566599/NRM A56 6599 (adult female, ethanol "wet" specimen; displayed at London Zoo from 14 November 1884, died in 2 April 1893; Flower, 1931(?); Miller et al., 2009:supplement; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)
NRM 592206 (mounted skin, adult male, collected in 1870) (Miller et al., 2009:supplement)

 

Zoology Museum, Ghent University (Belgium)

Has one specimen, probably from the collection of C. J. Temminck (Verschelde & Adriaens, n.d.).

 

Charles University, Prague

DZCU 8021.1 ["~1.5 week old individual from a litter of four preserved pouch young" (Newton et al., 2018b)]

 

The Natural History Museum, Dublin

The museum has four specimens (source)

NH:1917.25.1 (source)
NH:1917.25.1 (source)

 

Oxford University Museum of Natural History

OUM 5292 (adult female, headless, ethanol "wet" specimen; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

OUM 7942 (adult female, head skin, wet specimen; London Zoo's last thylacine (displayed 26 January 1926 to 9 August 1931) Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

OUM 8091 (juvenile male, partially dissected, ethanol "wet" specimen; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

 

New Zealand Collections

 

Otago Museum

OMNZ VT2607 (collectin date: 1870's?; source)

 

Whanganui Regional Museum, New Zealand

WRM 1805.61 (taxidermy mount; acquired 1891, see here)

The Whanganui Regional Museum, North Island, New Zealand formerly had another specimen (sourcesource).

 

Australian Collections

 

Tasmanian Collections

 

Queen Victoria Museum & Art Gallery

QVM.2013.H.0023 (Maynard & Gordon, 2014:27)

 

QVM: OLD: 1:2004 (juvenile) (Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

 

Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery (TMAG) (Hobart)

TMAG A930 ["~9 week old preserved pouch young" (Newton et al., 2018b)]
TMAG A931 ["~5.25 week old individual from a litter of two preserved pouch young" (Newton et al., 2018b)]
TMAG A934 [non-thylacine dasyurid, misidentified; see (Newton et al., 2018a,b)]
http://static.tmag.tas.gov.au/decorativeart/objects/misc/P2008.33/index.html [thylacine jawbone pincushion]

TMAG A1299 (juvenile) (Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)
TMAG P2008.33 [thylacine jawbone pincushion]

"Internal transfer: Emily Ferrar (Tasmania) thylacine jawbone pincushion, c.1900 Registration transferred from the TMAG Zoology Department P2008.33" (source)

Marchweil skin (source)

 

Mainland Australian Collections

 

Australian Museum (Sydney)

AMS P762 ["~12 week old preserved pouch young" (Newton et al., 2018b)]

AMS 1646

AM F18660 (Dawson, 1985:65)

AM M606 (study skin; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

 

National Museum of Australia (Canberra)

Many specimens can be seen here.

NMA 1984.0010.0021 (intestinal tract; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

NMA 1984.0010.0690 (liver and gall bladder of young female thylacine; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

NMA 1984.0010.0692 (heart; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

NMA 1984.0010.0694 (reproductive tract, female; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

NMA 1984.0010.0704 (spleen; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

NMA 1984.0010.0705 (kidneys & adrenal gland; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

NMA 1984.0010.0706 (preserved pouch and scrotal sac) (Sleightholme, 2011:954)

NMA 1984.0010.0714 (adult male, partially skinned, ethanol "wet" specimen; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

 

Queensland Museum

QM F44643 ("I1")
QM F726 in part (Mackness et al. 2002:238; Louys & Price, 201X:21)
QM F3744 (Louys & Price, 201X:21)

 

South Australian Museum

SAM M95 (rolled skin; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

SAM M608 (Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

SAM M611 (juvenile) (Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

SAM M612 (juvenile) (Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018)

SAM M665/001

SAM M922
SAM M1952-56
SAM M1959-60

 

National Museum of Victoria, Melbourne (now Museums Victoria?)

NMV C5747
NMV C5748
NMV C5752 (alcohol-preserved skull)
NMV C5755 ["~4.5 week old individual from a litter of three preserved pouch young" (Newton et al., 2018b)]
NMV P187757

 

Western Australian Museum

WAM F6353
WAM F6358
WA M33 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:156)
WA M195 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:156)
WA M3318 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:156)
WA M17189 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:156)

 

Robert O’Hara Burke Memorial Museum (Beechworth, Victoria)

Adult taxidermy (Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018c). Collected in 1870 (see here).

 

Tiegs Zoology Museum, University of Melbourne

3 skulls with matching lower mandibles (source)

 

The International Thylacine Specimen Database (ITSD)

The ITSD is a database of most known preserved thylacine specimens (subfossils are not included at present) held in museum collections around the world; and in 9 further instances, in private collections as well. The 5th edition the database is available as a CD (as were previous versions); however, they are only available to scientists and thus the public is deprived of much valuable information. But a basic breakdown of the database can be found online. A sixth revision was published in 2017 (Sleightholme & Ayliffe, 2017; Sleightholme & Campbell, 2018).

 

Links

https://www.europeana.eu/portal/en/search?q=Thylacinus

 

Media

 

Photo: a rough sketch by my good friend Nicole "Niquoll" Dyble, a marsupial carnivore keeper and very talented Tasmanian artist. P.S. this counts as being published :P

 

 

 

I have also compiled a list of documentaries and television segments on the thylacine. Below are some of those available on YouTube:

 

 

Animal X Natural Mystery Unit - The Mystery of the Thylacine (approx. 48 mins)

 

 

 

Animal X Classic Series 1 - Thylacine segment (approx. 9:47)

 

 

 

 

The Tasmanian Tiger (1964), featuring the late Eric Guiler (approx. 8:20)

 

 

 

 

An alleged thylacine den/lair, photographed by Dudley Le Souef c.1900-1911. A thylacine is said to have been extracted from here and sent to Melbourne Zoo (Paddle, 1992).

 

 

Photographs in Museum Collections

Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery (TMAG) (Hobart)

Q2015.8 (c.1923, Brian Oxer)

Q2015.9 (c.1923, Brian Oxer)

Source: Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery. (2015). TMAG Annual Report 2014-15. Hobart: Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

 

Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery (QVMAG)

QVM:1983:P:1943 (“View of a Thylacine at the Domain Zoo Hobart Tasmania, 1927-1929”)

 

 

"Photograph, skeleton of Tasmanian tiger, Sold to W Australian Museum by A.J.T. [A J Taylor?] for £25.0.0, 1914, collected Mr David Hansen"

Source: Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery. (2004). TMAG Annual Report 2003-04. Hobart: Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

 

Other Media

Ned Terry's 2005 book, Tasmanian tiger: Thylacinus cynocephalus: alive & well, had an audio CD associated with it that contains interviews conducted post-1980 with post-1936 witnesses.

 

"White CD-ROM in white paper CD envelope. The CD-ROM contains an oral history between Simon Townsend and Bernie Mason on Thylacines."

Source: https://victoriancollections.net.au/items/5050395d2162ef07b069e584

 

References

Original scientific description:

Harris, George Prideaux. (1808). Description of two new species of Didelphis from Van Diemen's Land. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 9(1): 174-178.

 

Other references:

Abbott, Ian. (2008). Historical perspectives of the ecology of some conspicuous vertebrate species in south-west Western Australia. Conservation Science W. Aust. 6(3): 1-214.

Adams, S. J., McDowell, M. C. and Prideaux, G. J. (2016). Understanding accumulation bias in the ecological interpretation of archaeological and paleontological sites on Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 7: 715-729. [Abstract]

Adam-Smith, Patricia Jean "Patsy". (1968). Tiger Country. [Sydney?]: Rigby Ltd.

Adam-Smith, Patricia Jean "Patsy". (1970). Tiger Country. Adelaide, South Australia: Rigby Ltd. (Seal Books imprint).

Adam-Smith, Patricia Jean "Patsy". (1975). Tiger Country. Adelaid, Rigby Ltd. (Seal Books imprint).

Aflalo, Frederick G. (1896). A Sketch of the Natural History of Australia: With Some Notes on Sport. London: MacMillan and Co. [Chapter five: The Dasyures, pp. 65-71; lists T. breviceps as extant]

Ahlstone, Daisy M. (2019). Thylacine Dreams: The Vernacular Resurrection of an Extinct Marsupial. Master's thesis, Utah State University.

Allen, Blake. (2017). Constituting the Australian environment: the transition of political responsibility for the environment in Australia from state to federal government, 1974-1983. MA thesis, the College of Graduate Studies, University of British Columbia.

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Anderson, Alistair. (2016). Exploring the Affective (After)Lives of Digital Archives. Bristol Society and Space (blog), 1 June, available at: https://bristolsocietyandspace.com/2016/06/01/exploring-the-affective-afterlives-of-digital-archives/

Anderson, H. H. (1905). A Geography of Tasmania. Sydney: William Brooks.

Andrew, Deborah L. (2005). Ecology of the tiger quoll Dasyurus maculatus maculatus in coastal New South Wales. MSc thesis, School of Biological Sciences, University of Wollongong. [automatic download]

Andrews, A. P. (c.1975). Thylacine Thylacinus cynocephalus (Tasmanian tiger, marsupial wolf). Education Leaflet No. 8. Hobart: Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Andrews, A. P. (1985). Thylacine. Thylacinus cynocephalus. Pamphlet produced by the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Macquarie Street, Hobart, Tasmania.

Angas, G. F. (1862). Narrative of Australia: a popular account. London: Society for Promotion of Christian Knowledge.

Anonymous. (1829). Catalogue of the Animals Preserved in the Museum of the Zoological Society, September 1829. London: Richard Taylor. 40 pp. [p. 11]

Anonymous. (1842). Aboriginal languages of Tasmania. Tasmanian Journal of Natural Science, Agriculture, Statistics, &c. 1(4): 308-318. [page 308]

Anonymous. (1855). The Tiger-wolf. (Thylacinus cynocephalus.). Excelsior: Helps to Progress in Religion, Science, and Literature, Volume 3: 246-249. [includes illustration]

Anonymous. (1858). The British Association.—Meeting at Leeds. The Sydney Morning Herald, Saturday, 25 December, p. 3.

Anonymous. (1859). "Genus Thylacinus, Temm.", p. 147. In: Anonymous. Descriptive Catalogue of the Specimens of Natural History in Spirit Contained in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. Vertebrata: Pisces, Reptilia, Aves, Mammalia. London: Taylor and Francis. xxii + 148 pp.

Anonymous. (1867). Intercolonial Exhibition of Australasia, Melbourne, 1866-67: Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Reports and Awards of the Jurors, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Australasian Colonies. Melbourne: Blundell & Co. [p. 57; 19th century thylacine photo of skeleton]

Anonymous. (1868). The Australian Museum. II. Sydney Mail, Saturday, 10 October, p. 6.

Anonymous. (1874). Stock aquired during the year 1873-4, by purchase or exchange. Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, and the Report of the Annual Meeting of the Society 3: 31.

Anonymous. (1880). The North-West Coast. The Mercury, Monday, 9 August, p. 3.

Anonymous. (1886). Additions To The Museum. South Australian Register, Wednesday, 10 November, p. 3.

Anonymous. (1909). Annual Report. The Tasmanian Naturalist 2(2): 21-24. [p. 23]

Anonymous. (1917). Tasmanian Tigers. Scientific Australian 22(3): 60.

Anonymous. (1921). Proclamation relating to the exportation of certain mammals and the skins thereof. Commonwealth of Australia Gazette 15 December, p. 2293.

Anonymous. (1930). Rare Catch (Waratah.). The Advocate (Burnie, Tas.), Monday, 11 August, p. 6.

Anonymous. (1938). The Tasmanian Tiger. Journal of the Society for the Preservation of the Fauna of the Empire 34: 87-88.

Anonymous. (1963). Animal in Danger. Animals 2(2): pagination?. [J. H. Calaby: "Photograph inside front cover and note on Thylacinus"]

Anonymous. (1964). A preliminary list of rare mammals including those believed to be rare but concerning which detailed information is still lacking. IUCN Bulletin 11(Special Supplement): 4 pp.

Anonymous. (1966a). Thylacine in Western Australia. Monthly Service Bulletin 15: 118. [some kind of publication authored by a staff member of CALM, the predecessor of the DEC]

Anonymous. (1966b). Thylacine. IUCN Bulletin New Series 20: 4.

Anonymous. (1966). Thylacine. The Tasmanian Naturalist (new series) 4: 2. [last record of the species c.1936]

Anonymous. (1969). The Thylacine or "Tasmanian Wolf". Leaflet (Australian Museum), no. 49. Sydney: Australian Museum.

Anonymous. (1970). The rare thylacine. Nature Walkabout 6(2): 5-7.

Anonymous. (1971). Reader remembers the "hyenas". Burnie Advocate, 8 May.

Anonymous. (1973a). Another strange beast sighted on Tableland. Cairns Post, 17 Jan.

Anonymous. (1973b). Aloomba woman reports seeing Tableland beast. Cairns Post, 18 Jan.

Anonymous. (1974a). Paintings of Tas. Tiger found in NT. Sydney Morning Herald, 27 April.

Anonymous. (1974b). The Northern Territory's prehistoric monster (tiger?). Sydney Morning Herald, 6 May.

Anonymous. (1977a). Thylacine. 6: 94–95 in The Australian Encyclopaedia. Vol. 4. Grolier Society of Australia : Sydney 3rd edn.

Anonymous. (1977b). 'Tiger' now in baby mystery. Sunday Telegraph (Sydney), 27 March, p. 46.

Anonymous. (1977c). 'Extinct' Tiger seen claim two. Sunday Telegraph (Sydney), 21 August.

Anonymous. (1978). Thylacine. Mammals No. 9. In Australian Endangered Species. Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service.

Anonymous. (1979a). Submission to CITES Secretariat Unpublished. 4 pp. [cited by (Thornback & Jenkins, 1982:91)]

Anonymous. (1979b). Naturalists hunt extinct tiger in Tasmania. The Times (London), 16 November.

Anonymous. (1979c). "The Mercury" (6/12/77), p. 3, Hobart.

Anonymous. (1980a). Melbourne Sun, 2 January.

Anonymous. (1980b). Tasmanian tiger sought in Australia. Washington Post, 29 May.

Anonymous. (1980c). Tasmanian Tiger eludes search. Hong Kong Standard, 21 September.

Anonymous. (1981). Search on for tiger with a pouch. Pretoria News, 24 October, p. 8.

Anonymous. (1982a). Advocate (Coffs Harbour, NSW), 9 March [January 1979 sighting by married couple at night]

Anonymous. (1982b). Eighty-year-old Tasmanian Tiger dissected. Omega Science Digest 1982(July/August): 27.

Anonymous. (1984a). Last gape of the Tasmanian tiger. Nature 307: 411.

Anonymous. (1984b). Last gape of the Tasmanian tiger, p.76-77. In: Beyond Vision. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Anonymous. (1984c). Tassie tiger's tale. [publication?] 7(4): 4-5.

Anonymous. (1988). Where's that tiger? National Geographic World 152: 34.

Anonymous. (2001). The Mainland Thylacine: An overview, pp. 82-83. In: Cropper, Paul (ed.). Myths & Monsters 2001 Conference Papers. Unpublished?

Anonymous. (2002a). The Mercury, 2 June 2002.

Anonymous. (2002b). Thylacine reborn? Earth Island Journal 17(3): 18-19.

Anonymous. (2003). Thyla seen near CBD? Sydney Morning Herald, 18 August.

Anonymous. (2013). Tassie tigers in the area? Casey Weekly Cranbourne, 27 January. [a previous story asked for new sightings to be reported to Michael Moss]

Anonymous. (2014a). Novel take on 'extinct' tiger. The Herald (Scotland), Friday 8 August. [author of a thylacine novel to search for the animal in Tasmania]

Anonymous. (2014b). An interview with Carol Freeman. Australian Animal Studies Group News Bulletin 25: 18-20.

Archer, Michael "Mike". (1971). A re-evaluation of the Fromm's Landing Thylacine tooth. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 84: 229-234. [NB: you may need to change the URL from "https" to "http"]

Archer, Michael "Mike". (1974). New information about the Quaternary distribution of the Thylacine (Marsupialia: Thylacinidae) in Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 57(2): 43-50. [published 1975 according to (Merrilees, 1979b)]

Archer, Michael "Mike". (1976). The dasyurid dentition and its relationships to that of didelphids, thylacinids, borhyaenids, (Marsupicarnivora) and peramelids (Peramelina; Marsupialia). Australian Journal of Zoology, Supplementary Series 24(39): 1-34. [Abstract]

Archer, Michael "Mike". (1978). Quaternary vertebrate faunas from the Texas Caves of southeastern Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 19(1): 61-109.

Archer, Michael "Mike". (1979). The status of Australian dasyurids, thylacinids and myrmecobiids, pp. 29-43. In: Tyler, M.J. (ed.). The Status of Endangered Australasian Wildlife. Adelaide: Proceedings of the Centenary Symposium of Royal Zoological Society of South Australia. [pagination is taken from the 1980 reprint, may actually be pp. 23-42?]

Archer, Michael. (1982). Thylacinus cynocephalus (Harris, 1808), pp. 91-93. In: Thornback, Jane and Jenkins, Martin (compilers). The IUCN Mammal Red Data Book. Part 1: Threatened Mammalian Taxa of the Americas and the Australasian Zoogeographic Region (Excluding Cetacea). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 516 pp.

Archer, Michael "Mike". (1984a). The status of Australian dasyurids, thylacinids and myrmecobiids, pp. 1015-21. In Archer, M. and Clayton, G. (eds) Vertebrate zoogeography and evolution in Australasia (Animals in space and time). Carlisle, Western Australia: Hesperian Press.

Archer, Michael. (1984b). Effects of humans on the Australian vertebrate fauna, pp. 151-161. In: Archer, M. and Clayton, G. (eds). Vertebrate zoogeography and evolution in Australasia (Animals in Space and Time). Carlisle, Western Australia: Hesperian Press.

Archer, Michael. (1984c). Letters: Doubts on Thylacine. Australian Natural History 21(6): 263.

Archer, Michael. (1987). A wolf in kangaroo's clothing. Pp. 70-72 in "The Antipodean ark" ed S. Hand, M. Archer. Angus & Robertson Publishers: Sydney. [relevant citation?]

Archer, Michael. (1997). Tiger, tiger out of sight. Nature Australia 25(8): 70-71.

Archer, Michael. (2003). Cloning the Thylacine: the “yes” case. 40° South Tasmania 28: 19-20.

Archer, Michael "Mike". (2005). Not dead, just stuffed. The Bulletin 123(6463): 13 or 22.

Archer, Michael, Clayton, G. and Hand, S. J. (1984). A checklist of Australasian fossil mammals, pp. 1027-1087. In: Archer, M and Clayton, G. (eds.). Vertebrate Zoogeography and Evolution in Australasia: (Animals in space and time). Carlisle, Western Australian: Hesperian Press.

Archer, Michael, Hand, S. J. and Godthelp, Hank. (1991). Riversleigh: The Story of Animals in Ancient Rainforests of Inland Australia. Sydney: Reed Books.

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Attard, Marie Rosanna Gabrielle. (2013). Who’s on the menu: Marsupial carnivore feeding ecology and extinction risk. Ph.D. thesis. Biological Sciences, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Australia.

Attard, Marie Rosanna Gabrielle, Chamoli, U. Ferrara, T. L. Rogers, T. L. Wroe, S. (2011). Skull mechanics and implications for feeding behaviour in a large marsupial carnivore guild: the thylacine, Tasmanian devil and spotted-tailed quoll. Journal of Zoology 285(4): 292-300.

Attard, Marie Rosanna Gabrielle, Parr, W. C. H., Wilson, L. A. B., Archer, M., Hand, S. J. et al. (2014). Virtual Reconstruction and Prey Size Preference in the Mid Cenozoic Thylacinid, Nimbacinus dicksoni (Thylacinidae, Marsupialia). PLoS ONE 9(4): e93088.

Attard, Marie Rosanna Gabrielle and Wroe, Stephen. (2012). The Thylacine Myth. Australasian Science 33(5): 19-22.

Attard, Marie Rosanna Gabrielle, Wroe, S. and Rogers, T. L. (In prep) Who’s on the menu? Stable isotopes reveal the thylacine’s diet and potential for competition.

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Bailey, Col. (2001). Tiger Tales: Stories of the Tasmanian Tiger. Sydney: HarperCollins. xii + 164 pp.

Bailey, Col. (2009). In: "Tigerman". Magnificent Survivor: Continued Existence of the Tasmanian Tiger. e-Book.

Bailey, Col. (2013). Shadow of the Thylacine: One Man's Epic Search for the Tasmanian Tiger. Scoresby: Five Mile Press. 295 pp.

Bailey, Col. (2014). The Case for an Extant Thylacine Population in Tasmania, pp. 19-26. In: In: Lang, Rebecca (ed.). The Tasmanian Tiger: Extinct or Extant? Hazelbrook, NSW: Strange Nation Publishing. 186 pp.

Bailey, Col. (2016). Lure of the Thylacine: True Stories and Legendary Tales of the Tasmanian Tiger. Echo Publishing. 227 pp.

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Barbeliuk, Anne. (1999b). Thylacine cloning hit as mission impossible. The Mercury, 10 September, p. 9.

Barbeliuk, Anne. (1999c). Ethical issues may halt tiger cloning. The Mercury, 21 September.

Barbeliuk, Anne. (2001). Expert’s fears as vote favors tiger cloning. The Mercury, Hobart, 30 October, p. 5.

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Baudement, G. (1867?). https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81921#page/717/mode/1up

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BBC Online. (1999). Tasmanian tiger may growl again. Friday 14 May. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/343702.stm

Beale, Bob. (2005). Bogus focus. The Bulletin with Newsweek 123(6464): 24-25. ["The image of a thylacine snaring a chicken in 1921 is one of the best-known photographs of the extinct species and was widely published in newspapers, books, magazines, and documentary films. However, a Tasmanian University researcher suggests that the famous 1921 snap is staged."]

Beaton, J. M. (1991). Cathedral Cave: a rockshelter in Carnarvon Gorge, Queensland. Queensland Archaeological Research 8: 33-84. [relevant reference?]

Beck, R. M. D. (2008). A dated phylogeny of marsupials using a molecular supermatrix and multiple fossil constraints. Journal of Mammalogy 89: 175-189.

Beddard, F. E. (1891). On the pouch and brain of the male Thylacine. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 59(1): 138-145.

Beddard, F. E. (1903). Exhibition of and remarks upon sections of the ovary of the thylacine. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1903: 116.

Beddard, F. E. (1907). On the Azygos veins in the Mammalia. Proc. Zool. Soc. 1907: 181-223.

Bell, E. A. (1965). Mrs Roberts and the Tasmanian tiger, pp. 103–110. In: An historic centenary. Roberts, Stewart S Co. Ltd. 1865–1965. Hobart: Mercury Press or Fuller's Book Shop. [According to Calaby: "History of a firm of wool brokers. Ch. 14 contains some interesting historical information and a photograph of a captive group of an adult female and three subadult thylacines. Mrs Roberts had a well-known private zoo"]

Bell, E. A. (1967). “Tigers” were her hobby. Australian Women’s Weekly, 10/5/1967, pp 12-13.

Bell, E. A. (1975). Thylacine. Archives Office of Tasmania.

Bell, E. A., ms paper NS 463/2, Archives Office of Tasmania.

Bell, E. A., Thylacine Reports--Queen Victoria Museum--Launceston, unpublished ms, Archives Office of Tasmania NS 896/1-39.

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Benson, S. (1999a). Tiger cloning project begins. The Mercury, Hobart, 8 September, p. 7.

Benson, S. (1999b) Test tube tiger: extinct thylacine to be cloned. The Daily Telegraph, 8 September.

Benson, S. (2000). Tasmanian tiger may live again. The Daily Telegraph, 5 May, p. 6.

Benson, S. (2001). Tickling tiger to life: Thylacine clone bid. The Mercury, 28 March, p. 36.

Beresford, Quentin. (1985). Tragedy of the Tasmanian tiger. The Islander 1985: 12-14.

Beresford, Quentin and Bailey, Garry. (1981). Search for the Tasmanian Tiger. Hobart, Tasmania: Blubber Head Press. 54 pp.

Berns, Gregory S. (2017). What It's Like to Be a Dog: And Other Adventures in Animal Neuroscience. Basic Books. 320 pp.

Berns, Gregory S. and Ashwell, Ken W. S. (2017). Reconstruction of the Cortical Maps of the Tasmanian Tiger and Comparison to the Tasmanian Devil. PLoS ONE 12(1): e0168993.

Berry, Colin. (1997). The Tasmanian Tiger Trail. Wynyard, Tasmania: Self published. 14 pp.

Bertrand, Pauline. (2019). Le Thylacine du Muséum-Aquarium de Nancy. Unpublished?

Binks, C.J. 1980. Explorers of Western Tasmania. Launceston: Mary Fisher Bookshop.

Blake, Philip and Blake, Mary. (2002). Secret Tasmania. NSW: New Holland Publishers. 208 pp.

Block, Erik. (2017). The History of the Thylacine in Captivity. Zoo Grapevine & International Zoo News 44: 29-33.

Blyth, Edward. (1863). Catalogue of the Mammalia in the Museum Asiatic Society. Calcutta: Savielle & Cranenburgh. [p. 180]

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Bowdler, Sandra. (1984). Hunter Hill, Hunter Island. Terra Australis 8: xv + 148 pp. [a single thylacine molar tooth was found, dated to roughly 15,400 BP from Cave Bay Cave; still the only known record of the species from the Bass Strait islands as far as I am aware]

Boyce, (Peter) James. (2006a). Canine revolution: The social and environmental impact of the introduction of the dog to Tasmania. Environment History 11(1): 102-129.

Boyce, (Peter) James. (2006b). An environmental history of British settlement in Van Diemen's Land: The making of a distinct people, 1798-1831. Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania.

Boyce, (Peter) James. (2008). Return to Eden: Van Diemen's Land and the early British settlement of Australia. Environment and History 14(2): 289-307. [Europeans dogs much faster than thylacines; thylacines seem to have retreated because of the dog to less open country]

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Brandl, E. J. (1973). Australian Aboriginal paintings in western and central Arnhem Land. Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra. [rock art depictions of Thylacines]

Braun, M. J. (1992). Phylogenetic relationships of the thylacine (Mammalia: Thylacinidae) among dasyuroid. In Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B (Vol. 250, pp. 19-27).

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Breton, W. H. (1846). Excursion to the Western Range. Tasmanian Journal 2: 125-126. ["The thylacine is far more common in some parts of the Colony than in others, and commits occasionally great havoc among the lambs"]

Breton, W. H. (1847). Description of a large specimen of Thylacinus harrisii. Tasmanian Journal 3: 125-126. [correct title?: Exhibit of a large specimen of Thylacinus Harrisii]

Bridge, Peter. (1963a). Trip report. The Western Caver 3(1): 2-3.

Bridge, Peter. (1963b). Trip report. The Western Caver 3(2): 23, 26.

Bristow, Mila. (2012) Tracking down rock art records of thylacines and sailing ships. Australian Forest Grower 35(3): 19. [Abstract]

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Brook, Barry W., Sleightholme, Stephen R., Campbell, Cameron R. and Buettel, Jessie C. (2018). Deficiencies in estimating the extinction date of the thylacine with mixed certainty data. Conservation Biology. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13186

Brook, S. (2000). Thylacine clone no longer just a paper tiger. The Australian, 5 May, p. 1.

Brookes, 1827: 192

Broom, R. (1896). Report on a bone brec[c]ia near Wombeyan Caves, N. S. W. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 21: 48-61.

Brown, Robert ("Bob"). (1972). The Tasmanian tiger. Skyline 1972: 29-31.

Brown, Robert ("Bob"). (1973). Has the thylacine really vanished? Animals 15(9): 416-419.

Brown, Robert ("Bob"). (1983). Has the last thylacine gone to ground or...is there hope for our tiger? Tasmanian Mail, 16 August, p. 8.

Bryant, Sally L. and Jackson, J. (1999). Tasmania's Threatened Fauna Handbook: What, Where and How to Protect Tasmania's Threatened Animals. Threatened Species Unit, DPIWE, Hobart. [p. 191-193]

Bryant, Sally (author) and Squires, Tim (illustrator). (2009). Animals of Tasmania: Wildlife of an Incredible Island. Quintus Publishing. 80 pp.

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Bullock, William. (1813). A companion to the London Museum and Pantherion ; containing a brief description of upwards of fifteen thousand natural and foreign curiosities, antiquities, and productions of the fine arts now open for public inspection in the Egyptian Temple, Piccadilly, London. London: Printed for the proprietor by Whittingham and Rowland. xii + 151 pp.

Bullock, William. (1816). A companion to the London Museum and Pantherion, containing a brief description of upwards of fifteen thousand natural and foreign curiosities, antiquities, and productions of the fine arts now open for public inspection in the Egyptian Temple, Piccadilly, London. London: Printed for the proprietor by Whittingham and Rowland. xii + 140 pp.

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Bulmer, Susan E. (1979). Archaeological Evidence of Prehistoric Faunal Change in Highland Papua New Guinea. Unpublished paper to Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science Congress, Section 25A. Auckland.

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Carlson, Colin J., Bond, Alexander L. and Burgio, Kevin R. (2018b). Reevaluating sighting models and moving beyond them to test and contextualize the extinction of the thylacine. Conservation Biology 32(5): 1198-1199.

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Chaloupka, George. (1977). Aspects of the chronology and schematisation of two prehistoric sites on the Arnhem Land Plateau. In P.J. Ucko (ed.), Form in indigenous art: schematisation in the art of Aboriginal Australia and prehistoric Europe, pp. 243-59. Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra.

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Chapple, Peter. (2001). The Quest for the Thylacine, pp. 75-81. In: Cropper, Paul (ed.). Myths & Monsters 2001 Conference Papers. Unpublished?

Chapple, Peter. (2014). The Quest for the Thylacine, pp. 101-109. In: Lang, Rebecca (ed.). The Tasmanian Tiger: Extinct or Extant? Hazelbrook, NSW: Strange Nation Publishing. 186 pp. [a reprint of the above publication; on p. 109 Chapple's death is incorrectly listed as "2001", when it is actually 26 August 2002]

Chare, Nicholas. (2018). After the Thylacine: In Pursuit of Cinematic and Literary Improvised Encounters with the Extinct. Liminalities: A Journal of Performance Studies 14(1): 124-168.

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Cosgrove, Richard, Field, Judith, Garvey, Jillian, Brenner-Coltrain, Joan, Goede, Albert, Charles, Bethan, Wroe, Steve, Pike-Tay, Anne, Grün, Rainer, Aubert, Maxime, Lees, Wendy and O'Connell, James. (2010). Overdone overkill – the archaeological perspective on Tasmanian megafaunal extinctions. Journal of Archaeological Science 37: 2486-2503.

Cosgrove, Richard, Pike-Tay, Anne and Roebroeks, Wil. (2014). Tasmanian Archaeology and Reflections on Modern Human Behaviour, pp. 175-188. In: Dennell, Robin and Porr, Martin (eds.). Southern Asia, Australia and the Search for Human Origins. New York: Cambridge University Press.

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Cunningham, Daniel John. (1878b). The Intrinsic Muscles of the Hand of the Thylacine (Thylacinus Cynocephalus), Cuscus (Phalangista Maculata), and Phascogale (Phascogale Calura). [i]J. Anat. Physiol.[/i] [b]12(Pt 3)[/b]: 434–444.

Cunningham, Daniel John. (1881). The Nerves of the Hind-Limb of the Thylacine (Thylacinus Harrisii or Cynocephalus) and Cuscus (Phalangista maculata). [i]J. Anat. Physiol.[/i] [b]15(Pt 2)[/b]: 265–277.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th edition, volume 17. Article: 'Marsupialia'.

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Flower, W.H. 1876. An Introduction to the Osteology of the Mammalia: Being the Substance of the Course of Lectures Delivered at the Royal College of Surgeons of England in 1870: With Numerous Illustrations. Macmillan, London.

Flower, W. H. (1884). Catalogue of the specimens illustrating the osteology and dentition of vertebrated animals, recent and extinct, contained in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. Part 2. Class Mammalia, other than man. London, Royal College of Surgeons of England, xliii + 779 pp.

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Frauca, Harry. (1963). Encounters with Australian Animals. Melbourne: Heinemann.

R. A. Fraser and R. T. Wells. 2006. Palaeontological excavation and taphonomic investigation of the late Pleistocene fossil deposit in Grant Hall, Victoria Fossil Cave, Naracoorte, South Australia. Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology 30(S1): 147-161.

Freeland, W. J. (1993). Parasites, pathogens and the impacts of introduced organisms on the balance of nature in Australia, pp. 171-180. In: Moritz, C. and Kikkawa, J. (eds.). Conservation Biology in Australia and Oceania. Chipping Norton, N.S.W.: Surrey Beatty and Sons. [proposes that the arrival of the dingo may have introduced a parasite to the mainland which exterminated the thylacine there; fide (Abbott, 2008)]

Carol Freeman (2003): Rew Hanks: Tiger Tales, Redfern & Hobart, Legge Gallery & Bett Gallery. [relevant citation?]

Freeman, Carol J. (2004a). ‘Crying Wolf: Visualising the Thylacine in Zoological Works’, School of Geography and Environmental Studies 2004 Conference, October, 2004, Hobart, pp. 5-5. (2004) [Conference Extract]

Freeman, Carol J. (2004b). ‘Figuring Extinction: Disclosure and Revision in Photographs of the Thylacine 1900-1936’, Colonialism and Its Aftermath - An Interdisciplinary Conference 23-25 June, 2004 Conference Handbook, June 2004, Hobart, Tasmania, pp. 20-20. (2004) [Conference Extract]

Freeman, Carol J. (2004c). ‘Figuring Extinction: The First Illustration of a Thylacine (Tasmanian tiger) in a Scientific Work’, Cross Fertilisations: Literature, Science and Nature. An Interdisciplinary Conference July 16-18 2004 Programme, July 2004, Chichester, UK, pp. 3-4. (2004) [Conference Extract]

Freeman, Carol J. (2005a). Is this picture worth a thousand words? An analysis of Harry Burrell's photograph of a thylacine with a chicken. Australian Zoologist 33: 1-16.

Freeman, Carol J. (2005b). Figuring extinction: Visualizing the thylacine in zoological and natural history works 1808-1936. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Tasmania: Hobart, Australia.

Freeman, Carol J. (2005c). The Abject Thylacine: interactions between the real and the representation. Animals & Society: Inaugral Conference of the Animals & Society (Australia) Study Group, July 2005, Crawley, WA, pp. 36-36. [Conference Extract]

Freeman, Carol J. (2005d). From Tasmania to Knowsley: John Gould's Thylacines. Stanley Estates Newsletter, Earl of Derby, Liverpool, 17, August. [Internal Newsletter]

Freeman, Carol J. (2006). Tasmania and the thylacine: Wild(er)ness, beer and the ubiquitous souvenir. 'Senses of Place' Conference Handbook, April, Hobart, pp. 50. [Conference Extract]

Freeman, Carol J. (2007a). Imaging Extinction: Disclosure and Revision in Photographs of the Thylacine (Tasmanian tiger). Society and Animals 15(3): 241-256.

Freeman, Carol J. (2007b). 'In every respect new': European impressions of the thylacine, 1808-1855. reCollections 2(1): [unpaginated].

Freeman, Carol J. (2007c). Curiouser and Curiouser! The Case of the Thylacine in The Naturalists Library. In: Imperial Curiosity: Objects, Representations, Knowledges. A conference held at the University of Tasmania 27-29 June 2007, June, Hobart, pp. 25-26. [Conference Extract]

Freeman, Carol J. (2007d). Imaging the Thylacine from Trap to Laboratory, University of Tasmania, http://www.utas.edu.au/library/exhibitions/, 1 EJ (2007) [Curated Exhibition]

Freeman, Carol J. (2008). On seeing the big picture: A reply to Paddle (2008). Australian Zoologist 34(4): 471-475.

Freeman, Carol. (2009). Ending Extinction: The Quagga, the Thylacine, and the Smart Human, pp. 235-256. Leonardo's Choice: Genetic Technologies and Animals. Ed. Carol Gigliotti. Dordrecht: Springer. [relevant apart from the title?]

Freeman, Carol J. (2010). Paper Tiger: A Visual History of the Thylacine. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishers. [Google Books]

Freeman, Carol J. (2014). Paper Tiger: How Pictures Shaped the Thylacine (revised edition). Hobart: Forty South Publishing. 224 pp. [Available from Andrew Isles Natural History Books]

Freeman, Carol J. (2015). ["See my article about Peter Clayfield's collection of Thylacine images on pp 24-30 of the latest 40 SOUTH magazine." (comment written 25 June 2015)]

Freeman, Carol J. (2016). The thylacine: Gone is gone. 40 [degrees] South 83: 14-19. [Abstract]

Freeman, Carol J. (2017). 'A Mere Memory: The Scandalous Extinction of the Thylacine', Scandals and Disasters in Tasmanian and Australian History, 18 November, Hobart (2017) [Conference Extract]

Freeman C, 'A misunderstood animal', Weekendavisen, Weekendavisen A/, Copenhagen, 9 May, pp. 12-13. (2018) [Media Interview]

Freeman C, 'Fake or real? This photo of the thylacine has caused a lot of controversy: Interview with Carol Freeman', Australian Geographic, Australian Geographic Pty Ltd., Sydney, 10 January (2018) [Media Interview]

Freeman CJ, 'The Thylacine: Gone is Gone', Tasmania 40 South, Forty South Publishing, Hobart, Tasmania, 83, pp. 12-17. (2019) [Magazine Article]

Freeman, Carol J. and Bevilacqua, S. (2003). An emblem's pounce from the past. The Sunday Tasmanian, Davies Brothers (News Limited), Hobart, September 7. [media interview]

Freeman, Carol J. and Bevilacqua, S. (2006). Thylacine not as bad as it's painted. The Sunday Tasmanian, Davies Brothers (News Limited), Hobart, August 27. [media interview]

Freeman C, Borrell S, 'Mercy Killing: Julia Leigh's The Hunter as Film', Animal Death Symposium, 12-13 July, University of Sydney (2012) [Conference Extract]

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Freeman, Richard. (2005). In Search of the Thylacine. Phenomena [Magazine]. 10 May 2005.

Freeman, Richard. (2015). Tasmanian Wolf at the Door. Animals & Men 52: 47-61.

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Gilroy, Rex. (2011). The Search for Living Thylacines – Results of the Gilroy 2011 expedition. Mysterious Australia 1(12): 2-22.

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Grace, Robyn “U.S. researchers on board to clone thylacine,”. AAP General News (Australia) 10/12/2005.

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Gray, John Edward. (1843). List of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum. London: The Trustees, British Museum. xxviii + 216 pp. [Peracyon: xxii,212; Paracyon:97]

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Green, R. H. (1973). [the first edition of the two publications listed directly below this one]

Green, R. H. (1993). The fauna of Tasmania: mammals. Launceston, Tasmania: Potoroo Publishing.

Green, R. H. (2007). The fauna of Tasmania: mammals. Launceston, Tasmania: Potoroo Publishing. 56 pp.

Greenwell, J. R. (1994). Who's seen the thylacine. BBC Wildlife July 1994: 48. [According to J. H. Callaby: "Alleged sightings of thylacines in Western Australia, written by a "cryptozoologist" who wants to believe it"]

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Griffith, Edward, Smith, Charles Hamilton and Pidgeon, Edward. (1827b). The Animal Kingdom...Volume V. The Class Mammalia. London: Geo B. Whittaker. [p. 192]

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Griffith, J. (1973). The thylacine on the Central Plateau, pp. 119-124. In: Banks, M. (ed.). The Lake Country. Royal Society of Tasmania.

Griffith, J., Malley, J. and Brown, R. (1972). The report of the search for the Thylacine that was conducted by Jeremy Griffith, James Malley and Robert Brown. Unpublished mimeographed report.

Griffiths, Tom. (1996). Hunters and Collectors: The Antiquarian Imagination in Australia. Cambridge, Melbourne & New York: Cambridge University Press. [p. 49]

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Guiler, Eric Rowland. (1958a). Thylacine Bounty: Details of claims Compiled from Lands Department Accounts for years 1888–1912. Private paper.

Guiler, Eric Rowland. (1958b). The Thylacine. Australian Museum Magazine 12: 352-354.

Guiler, Eric. (1960). Marsupials of Tasmania. Hobart: Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery. 32 pp.

Guiler, Eric Rowland. (1961a) The former distribution and decline of the Thylacine. Australian Journal of Science 23: 207–210.

Guiler, Eric Rowland. (1961b). Breeding season of the Thylacine. J. Mammal. 42: 396-397.

Guiler, Eric Rowland. (1966). In Pursuit of the Thylacine. Oryx 8: 307-310.

Guiler, Eric Rowland. (1967). The thlyacine, pp. 61-64. In: McMichael, D. F. (ed.). A Treasury of Australian Wildlife. London: Ure Smith Pty. Ltd. 354 pp.

Guiler, Eric Rowland. (1973). Some thoughts on man and mammals in the Central Plateau, pp.125-33. In: Banks, M. (ed.). The Lake Country. Royal Society of Tasmania. [Includes a table of "Thylacine captures by families in the Dee Bridge-Bronte-Derwent Bridge areas, 1888-1910"]

Guiler, Eric Rowland. (1980). The thylacine–an unsolved case. Australian Natural History 20(2): 69-70.

Guiler, Eric Rowland. (1985). Thylacine: The Tragedy of the Tasmanian Tiger. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Guiler, Eric Rowland. (1986). The Beaumaris Zoo in Hobart. Papers and Proceedings of the Tasmanian Historical Research Association 33(4): 121-171.

Guiler, Eric Rowland. (1991). The Tasmanian Tiger in Pictures. Hobart, Tasmania: St David's Park Publishing.

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Guiler, Eric Rowland and Meldrum, G. K. (1958). Suspected sheep killing by the Thylacine, Thylacinus cynocephalus. Australian Journal of Science 20: 214-215.

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Gunn, Ronald Campbell. (1852b). A list of the mammals indigenous to Tasmania. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 2(1): 77-90.

Gunn, Ronald Campbell. (1852c). Notes on natural history. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 2(1): 156-157. ["My living Thylacine is becoming tamer : it seems very far from being a vicious animal at its worst, and the name Tiger or Hyaena gives a most unjust idea of its fierceness."]

Gunn, Ronald Campbell. (1852d). Thylacinus cynocephalus. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Van Diemen's Land 2(1): 184.

Gunn, Ronald Campbell. (1863). Letter announcing the shipment of living Thylacines, with remarks on their habits. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 31: 103-104.

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Harman, I. (1949). Tasmania's wolf and devil. Zoo Life 4(3): 87.

Harris, A. (1984). Thylacines are no joke, says Sid. West Australian, 23 January 1984, p. 12.

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Haygarth, Nic. (2012). An ‘Island’ Within an Island: the Maritime/Riverine Culture of Tasmania’s Pieman River Goldfield 1877–85. Journal of Australasian Mining History 10: 55-71. [Thomas Bather Moore photo]

Haygarth, Nic. (2017). The myth of the dedicated thylacine hunter: Stockman-hunter culture and the decline of the thylacine (Tasmanian tiger) in Tasmania during the late Nineteenth and early Twentieth centuries. Papers and Proceedings: Tasmanian Historical Research Association 64(2): 30-45. [Abstract]

Haygarth, Nic. (2019a). The Passing of the 'Tigerman'. In: The Van Diemen Anthology 2019. Forty South Publishing.

Haygarth, Nic. (2019b). The digger and the tiger: the part of mining in the demise of the thylacine (Tasmanian tiger), pp. 28. In: "In the Footsteps of Moffatt", Proceedings of of the 25th Annual Conference, Australasian Mining History Association, Atherton 7-14 July 2019. [Abstract only]

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Healy, Tony and Cropper, Paul. (1994). Mainland Thylacines, pp. 21-54. Out of the Shadows: Mystery Animals of Australia. Chippendale, New South Wales: Ironbark Pan Macmillan. ii + 200 pp.

Healy, Tony and Cropper, Paul. (2014). Mainland Thylacines, pp. 51-86. In: Lang, Rebecca (ed.). The Tasmanian Tiger: Extinct or Extant? Hazelbrook, NSW: Strange Nation Publishing. 186 pp. [a reprint of the above publication]

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Hoare, Philip. (2013). The Sea Inside. London: Fourth Estate. [quoted by (Freeman, 2015:61) as suggesting that the thylacine may soon be successfully cloned]

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Hocknull, Scott A. (2005a). Ecological succession during the late Cainozoic of central eastern Queensland: extinction of adiverse rainforest community. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 51(1): 39-122. [automatic download]

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Hodgkinson, D. (1988). Killing the tiger threat. Launceston Examiner, 14 January, p. 11.

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Hope, Jeanette H. (1974). Palaeoecological reconstruction from small mammal faunas in the Buchan area, Victoria. Paper presented at the 15th General Meeting of the Australian Mammal Society, Monash University: Melbourne. May 1974.

J. H. Hope and H. E. Wilkinson. 1982. [i]Warendja wakefieldi[/i], a new genus of wombat (Maruspialia , Vombatidae) from Pleistocene sediments in McEacherns Cave, western Victoria. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria 43:109-120.

Hopkins, Andrea. (2000). Rebirth of the Tasmanian tiger attempted. The Globe and Mail 29 August.

Horne, E. R. (1986). The Quest for the Tasmanian Tiger, pp. ?-?. In: Brereton, Kurt (ed.). Australian Mythological Sights, Sites, Cites. Sydney: Third Degree Publications.

Horton, D. R. and Wright, R.V.S. (1981). Cuts on Lancefield bones: carnivorous Thylacoleo, not humans the cause. Archaeology and Physical Anthropology in Oceania 16: 73-80.

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Howes, Jim, Smyth, Chris and Beckett, Alexis (illustrator). (c1994). The Edge of Extinction: Australia's Threatened Wildlife. Moorabbin, Vic.: Gould League of Victoria. 40 pp.

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Luntz, Stephen. (2013). Bounty Was Sole Cause of Thylacine Extinction. Australasian Science 34(3): 5.

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Lydekker, Richard. (1894). A Handbook to the Marsupialia and Monotremata. London: W. H. Allen & Co. xvi + 302 pp.

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Mather, Anne. (2014). Tasmanian tiger tracker Mick Williams returning to island for follow-up mission. The Mercury, 15 March.

Matthews, Kate. (2012). Tassie Tigers sighted locally. The Coffs Coast Advocate, 23 February.

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Maynard, David and Gordon, Tammy. (2014). Tasmanian Tiger: Precious Little Remains. Launceston: Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery. 127 pp. [Online exhibition]

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McNamara, Ken and Murray, Peter. (2010). Prehistoric Mammals of Western Australia. Welshpool, WA: Western Australian Museum. 107 pp.

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Medlock, Kathryn. (2003). The Winston Churchill Memorial Trust of Australia: To study natural history collections and examine how museums balance issues of making the material accessible to the public with the need to preserve it for the future. Available from: http://nswcfa.churchilltrust.com.au/media/fellows/Medlock_Kathryn_2003.pdf [Accessed 16 June 2020]

Kathryn Medlock. (2003/2004). Where have all the tigers gone? Colonial collectors and the Tasmanian Tiger, at the Society for History of Natural History Conference at Darwin College, Cambridge University.

Medlock K (2004/2005) Lectures on Thylacine Research to Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia, USA, Museums Australia (Tasmanian Branch), TMAG Trustees and the Tasmanian Field Naturalists.

Medlock K. (2005/2006). Lecture Where have all the tigers gone?, event for the Churchill Fellows Association of Tasmania 

Medlock K Where have all the tigers gone? U3A Kingborough Museum Series, March 2008.

Medlock K ‘What price extinction? The thylacine trade and the role of museums then and now’ Antipodean Animal Conference, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, Kings College, London University, 7 July 2008.

Medlock K ‘Tigers and TMAG Directors’ Staff seminar, Rosny, 9 October 2008.

Medlock K ‘Thylacine-TMAG collection’ CNG Productions, Montreal, Hobart, 3 February 2009.

Medlock, Kathryn. (2009). ‘David Fleay hair analysis’, CNG Productions, Montreal, Adelaide, 10 February 2009.

Medlock K ‘Tigers and the TMAG Directors’, Tasmanian Historical Research Association, July 2009.

Medlock K ‘Tasmanian Tiger: Collecting, Science and Extinction’, National Museum of Australia, Canberra, October 2009; and Australian National University, Fenner School of Environment and Society, Canberra, May 2010.

Medlock K ‘Finding Tigers’, Writing Environmental History Workshop, School of History, Australian National University, Canberra, October 2010 [relevant reference?]

Medlock K ‘The Dream of the Thylacine’, panel discussion, Hobart, March 2013

Medlock K ‘Ray Mears in Australia’, interview and footage of the thylacine gallery and specimens. General thylacine history, biology and extinction, ITV UK television, Film production, TMAG, 12 April 2013.

Medlock K ‘The thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus) as a commodity: museum collecting and extinction’. Seminar at Melbourne University Zoology Department, 22 November 2013.

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Medlock K ‘Thylacine made: hats, rugs and pincushions’ curatorial floor talk TMAG, 20 February, 2014

Medlock K Science and Life and Thylacine gallery talk and tour for delegates at the Institute of Public Administration conference, Hobart. 21 February, 2014

Medlock K ‘Thylacines at the Tasmanian Museum’, floor talk to the Biology Teachers’ Association annual conference, 11 April 2014

Medlock K ‘Being a thylacine curator: history, myths and science’, presentation to the Rosny School for Seniors, 30 May 2014

Medlock KM ‘Threatened or extinct? The thylacine.’, presentation at Teacher Professional Development event for Threatened Species Day, 9 September, 2015.

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Pink, Kerry G. (1982). The West Coast Story: A History of Western Tasmania and Its Mining Fields. Burnie: Advocate Printers.

Pink, Kerry G. (1984). The Tasmanian West Coast Story. A History of Western Tasmania and Its Mining Fields. (revised second edition). Zeehan, Tasmania: West Coast Pioneers' Memorial Museum. 182 pp.

Pink, Kerry G. (1990). And Wealth for Toil: A History of the North-West and Western Tasmania, 1825-1900. Burnie: Advocate Marketing Services.

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Pledge, N. (1974). Excavations in the Henschke's Quarry Cave, Naracoorte - a late Pleistocene fauna. Paper presented at the 15th General Meeting of the Australian Mammal Society, Monash University: Melbourner, May 1974.

Pledge, Neville S. (1990). The Upper Fossil Fauna of the Henschke Fossil Cave, Naracoorte, South Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum (Proceedings of the De Vis Symposium) 28(1): 247-262.

Plomley, N. J. B. (1966). Friendly Mission: the Journals of George Augustus Robinson 1829-1834. Hobart: Tasmanian Historical Research Association.

Plomley, N. J. B. (1976). A Word-list of the Tasmanian Aboriginal Languages. Launceston: Author in association with the Government of Tasmania.

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Price, Gilbert J. and Sobbe, I. H. (2005). Pleistocene palaeoecology and environmental change on the Darling Downs, southeastern Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 51(1): 171-201. [subfossil remains from Darling Downs, Queensland]

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Prideaux, G.J., J. A. Long, L. K. Ayliffe, J. C. Hellstrom, B. Pillans, W. E. Boles, M. N. Hutchinson, R. G. Roberts, M. L. Cupper, L. J. Arnold, P. D. Devine, and N. M. Warburton. (2007b). An arid-adapted middle Pleistocene vertebrate fauna from south-central Australia, Nature 445: 422-425.

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Ransom, B. H. (1905). Tapeworm cysts (Dithyridium cynocephali n.sp.) in the muscles of the Tasmanian Wolf (Thylacinus cynocephalus). Am. Microscop. Soc. Trans. 27: 31-32.

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Rehberg, Chris. (2007). In Search of Rare Carnivorous Marsupials: An Examination of the Evidence for Their Survival, [33 pp.?]. In: Heinselmann, Craig (ed.). Elementum Bestia: Being an Examination of Unknown Animals of the Air, Earth, Fire and Water. CRYPTO. 265 pp.

Rehberg, Chris. (2009). Gonzales-Sitges Thylacinus. Der Kryptozoologie-Report 7: 31-35.

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Renfree, Marilyn B. (2019). Reproduction down under. Reproduction 158: F127-F137.

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Renshaw, Graham. (1938). The Thylacine. Journal of the Society for the Preservation of the Fauna of the Empire 35: 47-49.

Rice, Paul, and Mayle, Peter (1981). As Dead as a Dodo. [incomplete citation]

Rich, T. H. 1991. Monotremes, placentals, and marsupials: their record in Australia and its biases, pp. 893-1070. In: P. Vickers-Rich, J. M. Monaghan, R. F. Baird, and T. H. Rich, eds. Vertebrate Palaeontology of Australasia. Pioneer Design Studio and Monash University, Melbourne.

Richards, Robert G. (2014). A Pardon for the Dingo. Science 343(6167): 142-143. [Abstract]

Richards SM, Hovhannisyan N, Gilliham M, Ingram J, Skadhauge B, Heiniger H, et al. (2019) Low-cost cross-taxon enrichment of mitochondrial DNA using in-house synthesised RNA probes. PLoS ONE 14(2): e0209499. 

Rickard, Bob. (1987). The return of the tiger? Fortean Times 49: 5-7. [unseen by the present author; said to criticize the Kevin Cameron photos published in (Douglas, 1986)]

Ride, W. D. L. (1960). The fossil mammalian fauna of the Burramys parvus breccia from the Wombeyan Caves, New South Wales. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 43: 74-80.

Ride, W. D. L. (1964). A review of Australian fossil marsupials. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 47(4): 97-131.

Ride, W. D. L. (1970). A Guide to the Native Mammals of Australia. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Roberts, Mary Grant. (1909). Letter to A. Lowe, 19/11/1909. Wellington City Council Archives, Wellington, New Zealand.

Roberts, Mary Grant. (1910). Letter to A. Lowe, 25/2/1910. Wellington City Council Archives, Wellington, New Zealand.

Roberts, Mary Grant. (1911). Diary, 1/1/1910 – 4/7/1911. Privately held family papers, Mr. Gerald Roberts, Norwood, Tasmania.

Roberts, Mary Grant. (1912). Diary, 1/7/1911 – 26/12/1912. Roberts collection, State Archives Office, Hobart.

Roberts, Mary Grant. (1915). Letter to the Secretary, National Museum of Victoria, 11/3/1915. Correspondence files, archives of the Museum of Victoria.

Roberts, Mary Grant. (c.1915). Beaumaris, Mrs. H. L. Roberts' private zoological collection at Battery Point. Hobart: [H. L. Roberts]: (Cox, Sons and Kay, Printers). 4 pp.

Roberts, Mary Grant. (1919). Letter to H.A. Longman, 27/3/1919. Archives collection, Queensland Museum, Brisbane.

Roberts, Mary Grant. (1921a). Diary, 27/4/1913 – 15/9/1921. Privately held family papers, Mr. Gerald Roberts, Norwood, Tasmania.

Roberts, Mary Grant. (1921b). Account Book, 1/1/1912 – 5/9/1921. Privately held family papers, Mr. Gerald Roberts, Norwood, Tasmania.

Roberts, Mary Grant. (1921c). Visitors’ Book, 23/11/1904 – 15/11/1921. Roberts collection, State Archives Office, Hobart.

Robin, Libby. (2009). Dead museum animals: Natural order or cultural chaos? reCollections 4(2): [pagination?].

Robinson, Grant. (2014). The Wonthaggi Monster, Thylacines and Other Creatures, [pagination?]. Great Gippsland Mysteries. Chatswood, NSW: Griffin Press. 160 pp. [Available from FDHS] [the first chapter in the book]

Robovský J., Andera M. & Benda P., 2010: Revise catalogue of ceratomorph ungulates in the collection of the National museum Prague and several other collections in the Czech Republic (Perissodactyla: Rhinocerotidae, Tapiridae). – Lynx (n.s.) 41: 237-294.

Robovský, Jan, Sleightholme, Stephen R., Vohralík, Vladimír and Benda, Petr. (2015). Specimens of Thylacinus cynocephalus in collections of the Czech Republic (Mammalia: Thylacinidae). Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series 184(2): 43-50.

Robson, S. K. and Young, W. G. (1990). A comparison of tooth microwear between an extinct marsupial predator, the Tasmanian tiger Thylacinus cynocephalus (Thylacynidae) and an extant scavenger, the Tasmanian devil Sarcophilus harrisii (Dasyuridae: Marsupialia). Australian Journal of Zoology 37(5): 575-589.

Rolland, Will. (1997). The Tasmanian Tiger: The Elusive Thylacine (Picture Roo Book Series). Kenthurst: Kangaroo Press.

Rolland, Will. (2002). (Rev. ed.). The Tasmanian Tiger: The Elusive Thylacine. Howrah, Tasmania: Book Agencies of Tasmania.

Rose, D. (2000). Tiger cloning project delayed by TV deal. The Mercury, 30 March, p. 7.

Rosenfeld, A. (1993). A review of the evidence for the emergence of rock art in Australia. In Sahul in Review: Pleistocene Archaeology in Australia, New Guinea and Island Melanesia M.A. Smith, M. Spriggs, & B. Fankhauser, eds., Department of Prehistory, Research School of Pacific Studies, ANU, 71-80.

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Roth, H. L. (1891). Crozet's Voyage to Tasmania, New Zealand, etc...1771-1772. London: Truslove and Shirley.

Rounsevell, D. E. (1983). Thylacine. Thylacinus cynocephalus, pp. 82-83. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Australian Museum Complete Book of Australian Mammals. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.

Rounsevell, D. E. and Mooney, N. (1995). Thylacine, Thylacinus cynocephalus, pp. 164-165. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Mammals of Australia. Chatswood, N.S.W.: Reed Books. 756 pp.

Rounsevell, D. E. and Smith, S. J. (1982). Recent alleged sightings of the Thylacine (Marsupialia, Thylacinidae) in Tasmania, pp. 233-236. In: Archer, Michael (ed.). Carnivorous Marsupials, Volume 1. Sydney, N. S. W.: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales.

Rounsevell, D. E., Taylor, R. J. and Hocking, G. J. (1991). Distribution records of native terrestrial mammals in Tasmania. Wildlife Research 18(6): 699-717. [Abstract] [relevant reference?]

Roux, J. (1772). Journal of the voyage made on the King's ship, the Mascarin, commanded by M. Marion Knight of the Royal and Military Order of St Louis Fireship Captain accompanied by the flute, the Marquis de Castries, commissioned to make a voyage to the island of Tahiti or Cythea and to expore the Southern Lands, thence proceeding to New Holland, to New Zealand etc .etc. (Maryse Duyker, Trans.). In E. Dyker (Ed.), The Discovery of Tasmania: journal extracts from the expeditions of Abel Janszoon Tasman and Marc-Joseph Marion Dufresne 1642 and 1772 (1992 ed., pp. 38-43). Hobart: St David's Park Publishing. [possibly the first reported thylacine sighting by Europeans: “We have not seen any quadrupeds other than a little tiger [[i]qu’un petit Tigre[/i]] which ran away when we pursued the savages in the woods” (p. 42)]

Rovinsky, D. S., Evans, A. R. and Adams, J. W. (2019). The pre-Pleistocene fossil thylacinids (Dasyuromorphia: Thylacinidae) and the evolutionary context of the modern thylacine. PeerJ 7:e7457.

Rovinsky, D. S., Evans, A. R., Martin, Damir G. and Adams, J. W. (2020). Did the thylacine violate the costs of carnivory? Body mass and sexual dimorphism of an iconic Australian marsupial. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 287(1933): 20201537. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.1537

Russell, Roslyn and Winkworth, Kylie. (2009). Significance 2.0: A Guide to Assessing the Significance of Collections, 2nd revised edition. Collections Council of Australia. vii + 71 pp.

Saint-Hilaire, Étienne Geoffroy. (1810). Description de deux espèces de Dasyures (Dasyurus cynocephalus et Dasyurus ursinus). Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris) 15: 301-306.

Salleh, A. (2004). Rock art shows attempts to save Thylacine. ABC Science Online, December, 15.

Saltré, Frédérik et al. (In Press, 2015). Uncertainties in dating constrain model choice for inferring extinction time from fossil records. Quaternary Science Reviews. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.01.022 [Abstract]

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Sarich, Vincent, Lowenstein, J. M. and Richardson, B. J. (1982). Phylogenetic relationships of the thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus Marsupialia) as reflected in comparative serology, pp. 707-709. In: Archer, Michael (ed.). Carnivorous Marsupials. Mosman, New South Wales: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales.

Saville-Kent, W. (1902). The living animals of the world; a popular natural history with one thousand illustrations. Volume 1. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company. [p. 373]

Saward, Almer. (1990). Experiences with the Tasmanian tiger. Circular Head Local History Journal 3(2): 24-25.

Sayer, Luke. (2002). The Mercury, 2 June 2002.

Sayles, J. (1980). Stalking the Tasmanian tiger. Animal Kingdom 82(6): 35-40. [Paddle (2000) gives the publication date as 1980 while giving the issue period as "December 1979/January 1980", which implies that physical publication was delayed until early 1980]

Schrire, C. 1982. The Alligator Rivers: Prehistory and Ecology in Western Arnhem Land. Terra Australis 7. Canberra: Department of Prehistory, ANU. [relevant citation?]

Sclater, Philip Lutley. (1891). Guide to the Gardens of the Zoological Society of London. London: Bradbury, Agnew, & Co. [relevant pages]

Sclater, P. L. (1904a). Rare living animals in London. Knowledge and Scientific News 1904: 59-60.

Sclater, P. L. (1904b). The thylacine. (Thylacinus cynocephalus). Scientific American Supplement, (1488), 9 July, 23845.

Schlunke, K. and Stark, H. (2019). Zoological Gardens, Austerity, and Staging the Extinction of the 'Last' Thylacine, pp. 87-105. In: Milthorpe, N. (ed.). The Poetics and Politics of Gardening in Hard Times. London: Lextington Books. [Abstract]

Scott, Peter (ed.). (1965). Section XIII. Preliminary List of Rare Mammals and Birds, pp. 155-237. In: The Launching of a New Ark. First Report of the President and Trustees of the World Wildlife Fund. An International Foundation for saving the world's wildlife and wild places 1961-1964. London: Collins.

Scott, Rebecca. (2008). Genetics Triumph. A world first – Tasmanian Tiger genes succeed in a mouse, pp. 6-7. In: Dropulich, Silvia (ed.). Research Review (The University of Melbourne). The University of Melbourne, Victoria: "Published by the Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research) through the Marketing and Communications Office". [HTML version]

Scott, Thomas. (1829). From the descriptive itinerary of Van Diemen's Land, now preparing for publication. —Excursion of his Excellency to the west. Hobart Town Courier, Saturday, 28 February, pp. 2-3.

Scott, Thomas. (1830a). Sketch of a Tyger Trap intended for Mount Morriston, 1823. p. 18 in 'Sketches in Early Van Diemen's Land (Ed.) K. R. Von Stieglitz (Published 1966). [reproduced in (Paddle, 2000:95)]

Scott, Thomas. (1830b). Excursion to the westward, of his excellency Lieutenant Governor Arthur in January 1829. In: Ross, James (ed.). The Hobart Town Almanack for the Year 1830: Hobart: self published.

Scott, William Berryman. (1913). A History of Land Mammals in the Western Hemisphere. New York: Macmillan Press. 786 pp. [p. 632-633; photo]

Scott, W. J. (1872). Letter, addressed to the Secretary, respecting the supposed "native tiger" of Queensland. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1872: 355.

Seddon, Philip J., Moehrenschlager, Axel and Ewen, John. (2014). Reintroducing resurrected species: selecting DeExtinction candidates. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 29(3): 140-147. [Abstract]

Senter, P. and Moch, J. G. (2015). A critical survey of vestigial structures in the postcranial skeletons of extant mammals. PeerJ 3: e1439.

Sharland, Michael S. R. (1937). Tasmanian Tiger. Marsupial's Stand. Sydney Morning Herald, 20 February, p. 13.

Sharland. Michael S. R. (1938). In Search of the Thylacine. Society’s Interest in the Preservation of a Unique Marsupial. Proceedings of the Royal Society of NSW 1938-1939: 20-38. [automatic download]

Sharland, Michael S. R. (1939). Tracking the Thylacine. Wild Life 1(8): 7-9.

Sharland, Michael S. R. (1941). Tasmania's rare "tiger". Bulletin of the New York Zoological Society 44(3): 84-88.

Sharland, Michael S. R. (1956). Farm hands paid to snare tiger. Hobart Mercury, 9 June.

Sharland, Michael S. R. (1957a). Tiger secrets need probing. Hobart Mercury, 12 January, p. 17.

Sharland, Michael S. R. (1957b). In search of the vanished "tiger". People, 3 April, p. 25-26.

Sharland, Michael S. R. (1960). Hunting the thylacine. Hemisphere (Commonwealth Office of Education, Sydney) 4(5): 7-11.

Sharland, Michael S. R. (1962). Tasmanian Wild Life: A Popular Account of the Furred Land Mammals, Snakes and Introduced Mammals of Tasmania. Parkerville, Victoria: Melbourne University Press.

Sharland, Michael S. R. (1971a). Bream Creek's tiger toll was heavy. Hobart Mercury, 13 February, p. 6.

Sharland, Michael S. R. (1971b). Gone, but not forgotten. Hobart Mercury, 6 March.

Sharland, Michael S. R. (1971c). A Pocketful of Nature. An anthology of notes and articles by the natural history columnist of The Mercury, Hobart, “Peregrine” (Michael Sharland) during the past half-century. Hobart: Mercury.

Sharland, Michael S. R. (1980). Has the thylacine "evolved" into the tiger cat? Hobart Mercury, 29 March, p. 6.

Shaw, S. (1972). Man who caught that tiger. Burnie Advocate (Weekender), 15 April.

Shillinglaw, John J. (ed.). (1879). Historical Records of Port Phillip: The First Annals of the Colony of Victoria. By Authority: John Ferres, Government Printer, Melbourne. [Rev. Robert Knopwood's diary entry for 20 August 1803]

Short, Jeff and Calaby, John H. (2001). The status of Australian mammals in 1922 – collections and field notes of museum collector Charles Hoy. Australian Zoologist 31(4): 533-562.

Shuker, Karl P. N. (1993). The Lost Ark. London: HarperCollins. [Purported rediscovery of the thylacine on pp. 99-102]

Shuker, Karl P. N. (1996). ["The beast of Buderim – is Australian cryptozoology's star in stripes a mainland thylacine"]. Wild About Animals [volume?]: [pagination?]. [the link is an online reprint on Dr. Shuker's famous blog, with original title?]

Shuker, Karl P. N. (2013, 8 May). The New Guinea thylacine – crying wolf in Irian Jaya? Blog post, available at: http://www.karlshuker.blogspot.co.uk/2013/05/the-new-guinea-thylacine-crying-wolf-in.html

Shuker, Karl P. N. (2014). Foreword: Is the Thylacine truly extinct, or merely evanescent?, pp. 11-12. In: Lang, Rebecca (ed.). The Tasmanian Tiger: Extinct or Extant? Hazelbrook, NSW: Strange Nation Publishing. 186 pp.

Simpson, George Gaylord. (1941). The affinities of the borhyaenidae. American Museum Novitates 1118: 1-6.

Simpson, S. (1980). Chasing our elusive tiger with a computer printout. Hobart Mercury, 28 January, p. 5.

Sinclair, W. J. (1906). Mammalia of the Santa Cruz Beds. Vol. IV, Paleontology. Part III, Marsupialia. In Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896–1899 (W.B. Scott, ed.), pp. 333–460. Stuttgart: Princeton University Press/E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshandlung (E. Nägele).

Skatssoon, J. (2005). Thylacine cloning project dumped. ABC Science Online, 15 February.

SKYLINE, no 4. Annual Magazine, year 1953, by LAUNCESTON Walking Club [presumably contains an article about the thylacine footprints found and cast]

Slack, M., Fillios, M. and Fullagar, R. 2009. Aboriginal settlement during the LGM at Brockman,Pilbara Region, Western Australia. Archaeology in Oceania 44, Supplement: 32-39. [relevant citation?]

Slee, Sid. (1987). The Haunt of the Marsupial Wolf. Bunbury, WA: South West Printing and Publishing Company. [multiple printings; unknown if any textual revisions]

Sleightholme, Stephen R. (2011). Confirmation of the gender of the last captive Thylacine. Australian Zoologist 35(4): 953-956.

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Ayliffe, Nicholas P. (2005). International Thylacine Specimen Database. CD-Rom. Master Copy: Zoological Society, London.

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Ayliffe, Nicholas P. (2006). International Thylacine Specimen Database. DVD. London. Master Copy: Zoological Society, London.

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Ayliffe, Nicholas P. (2009). International Thylacine Specimen Database. London.

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Ayliffe, Nicholas P. (2011). International Thylacine Specimen Database, Fourth Revision, DVD-Rom; Master Copy: Zoological Society of London.

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Ayliffe, Nicholas P. (2013). The International Thylacine Specimen Database: 5th Revision. [DVD].

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Ayliffe, Nicholas P. (2017). The International Thylacine Specimen Database. CD-Rom. Master Copy: Zoological Society, London (6th Rev).

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Campbell, Cameron R. (2014). A retrospective review of the breeding season of the thylacine; Guiler revisited. Australian Zoologist 37(2): 238-244.

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Campbell, Cameron R. (2015). The earliest motion picture footage of the last captive thylacine? Australian Zoologist 37(3): 282-287.

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Campbell, Cameron R. (2016). A retrospective assessment of 20th century thylacine populations. Australian Zoologist 38(1): 102-129.

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Campbell, Cameron R. (2018). The International Thylacine Specimen Database (6th Revision - Project Summary & Final Report). Australian Zoologist 39(3): 480-512. [Abstract]

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Campbell, Cameron R. (2019a). Stripe pattern variation in the coat of the Thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus). Australian Zoologist 40(2): 290-307. [Abstract]

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Campbell, Cameron R. (2019b). Two recently discovered photographs of a thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus) at the London Zoo. Australian Zoologist 40(2): 308-313. [Abstract]

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Campbell, Cameron R. (2019c). Correction for the paper: Stephen R. Sleightholme and Cameron R. Campbell (2018) The International Thylacine Specimen Database (6 Revision - Project Summary & Final Report). Australian Zoologist 39(3):480-512. https://doi.org/10.7882/AZ.2017.011. Australian Zoologist 40(2): 362-362.

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Campbell, Cameron R. (2020a). Reverend George H. Judd's Thylacines. Australian Zoologist. doi: https://doi.org/10.7882/AZ.2020.010 [Abstract]

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Campbell, Cameron R. (2020b). A Catalogue of the Thylacine captured on film. Australian Zoologist. https://doi.org/10.7882/AZ.2020.032 [Abstract]

Sleightholme, Stephen R. and Campbell, Cameron R. (in review). Thylacinus cynocephalus (Harris, 1808) – investigating sex by characters of the skull. Australian Zoologist.

Sleightholme, Stephen R., Campbell, Cameron R. and Kitchener, Andrew C. (2016). Frank Haes' thylacine. Australian Zoologist 38(2): 203-211.

Sleightholme, Stephen R., Gordon, Tammy J. and Campbell, Cameron R. (2019). The Kaine capture - questioning the history of the last Thylacine in captivity. Australian Zoologist. doi: doi.org/10.7882/AZ.2019.032 [Abstract]

Sleightholme, Stephen R., Robovský, Jan and Vohralík, Vladimír. (2012). Description of four newly discovered Thylacine pouch young and a comparison with Boardman (1945). Australian Zoologist 36(2): 232-238.

Smaill, Belinda. (2015). Tasmanian tigers and polar bears: The documentary moving image and (species) loss. NECSUS 4(1): 145-162.

Small, Mary. (1985). Tasmanian tiger mystery. Is this creature extinct, or has it learnt from harsh experience to avoid successfully its worst enemy - man? This Australia 5(1): 6-11.

Smith, Deborah. (2011). Tasmanian tiger's bark worse than its bite, study shows. The Sydney Morning Herald (Sydney, Australia), 1 Sept, p. 3.

Smith, G. Elliot. (1902). On a peculiarity of the cerebral commissures in certain Marsupialia, not hitherto recognised as a distinctive feature or the Diprotodontia. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 70: 226-231.

Smith, Geoffrey Watkins. (1909). A Naturalist in Tasmania. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 151 pp.

Smith, J. (1862). Tasmanian tigers. Launceston Examiner, 22 November, p. 2.

Smith, M. A. (1977). Devon Downs Reconsidered: An Exercise in Bioarchaeology. Unpublished B.A. (Hons) thesis, Australian National University. [report of Thylacinus cynocephalus from Ngaut Ngaut, South Australia]

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Wroe, Stephen, Lowry, Michael B. and Anton, Mauricio. (2008). How to build a mammalian super-predator. Zoology 111: 196-203.

Wroe, Stephen, McHenry, Colin and Thomason, Jeffrey. (2005). Bite club: comparative bite force in big biting mammals and the prediction of predatory behaviour in fossil taxa. Proc. R. Soc. B 272(1563): 619-625. [Also available from Royal Society Proceedings B] [Supplementary data]

Wroe, Stephen and Milne, Nicholas. (2007). Convergence and remarkably consistent constraint in the evolution of carnivore skull shape. Evolution 61(5): 1251-1260.

Wroe, Stephen and Musser, A. (2001). The skull of Nimbacinus dicksoni (Thylacinidae: Marsupialia). Australian Journal of Zoology 49(5): 487-514. [Abstract]

WWF-Australia. (1981). Project progress. Project 3: the Thylacine quest. WWF-Australia Newsletter 6: 4.

Wylie, John. (2013). Scotchtown Cave North-west Tasmania. Caves Australia 195: 20-25.

Wylie, John. (2018). Discovery of Tasmania’s first cave. Caves Australia 206: 5-11.

Yates, Adam M. (2015). Thylacinus (Marsupialia: Thylacinidae) from the Mio-Pliocene boundary and the diversity of Late Neogene thylacinids in Australia. PeerJ 3: e931.

Yendall, D. (1982). Search for the thylacine. Wildlife (International), 24 May: 182-183.

Zachos, Frank E. (2020). Mammalian Phylogenetics: A Short Overview of Recent Advances, 18 pp. In: Hackländer, K. and Zachos, Frank E. (eds.). Handbook of the Mammals of Europe. Springer Nature Switzerland AG. [Abstract]

 

Incomplete references:

The Imperial Natural History Picture Book New York & London: George Routledge and Sons, 1886, 64 pp.

Explorer's Journal, June 1980, USA: The Explorer's Club. ["Devils, Quolis, Dunnarts and Thylacines - a survey of Tasmanian mammals"]

Nature, Temporality and Environmental Management: Scandinavian and Australia Perspectives on Peoples and Landscapes. [p. 50-54] https://books.google.com.au/books?hl=en&lr=&id=bczLDAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA45&ots=wDNd8iG8IQ&sig=EKjxtMcGeKZnqGQHNZr9b_ERX6I#v=onepage&q&f=false

Mohr, M. (Producer). (2000, May 4). Bringing the Tasmanian tiger back to life. In ABC Online: 7.30 Report.

 

[b]Multimedia:[/b]

The tragedy and myth of the Tasmanian Tiger. (2001). CD-ROM. Hobart, Tasmania: Roar Film & Screen Tasmania. ["Tells the story of the Tasmanian Tiger by drawing on primary source material and using science to understand the species and its behaviour." (source)

Tasmanian tiger: Thylacinus cynocephalus: alive & well : new taped interviews of genuine sightings since 1980. (2004). Terry, Edward "Ned" Vincent. CD Audiobook. Dairy Plains, Tasmania: Self Published. [alternative title: "Tasmanian Tiger: Alive & Well"; published in 1999?]

Save the Tassie tiger! (2000). Developed by R3 Interactive. Adelaide, South Australia: EcoTigers Support Group. + 1 booklet (18 pp.).

Tasmanian tiger, Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition;Feb2013, p1

 

Internet links:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ykVhZce8-Q4

http://www.abc.net.au/radio/hobart/programs/your-afternoon/nic-haygarth/8883134

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-11-08/9116306

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-11-08/curious-north-coast-tasmanian-tigers-spotted-in-northern-nsw/9116158

http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/backgroundbriefing/burrup-peninsula-rock-art-shows-extinct-megafauna/6561788

http://karlshuker.blogspot.com.au/2018/02/never-in-new-zealand-when-thylacines.html

http://www.abc.net.au/radio/hobart/programs/statewideweekends/nic-haygarth-warde-last-tigerman-final/9584772

http://www.abc.net.au/radio/hobart/programs/statewideweekends/cath-doherty-tiger-oct-08/9536542

http://www.abc.net.au/radio/hobart/programs/statewideweekends/haygarth-tiger-man-1-final/9536396

http://www.tasmanian-tiger.com

http://www.tassietiger.org/ [Murray McAllister's website]

http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=6078891n&tag=contentBody;storyMediaBox

http://www.arkive.org/thylacine/thylacinus-cynocephalus/

http://australianmuseum.net.au/The-Thylacine

http://thylacine.psu.edu/

http://fcms.its.utas.edu.au/scieng/codes/project.asp?lProjectId=1535 [research project]

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gregheberle/THYLACINE.htm

http://www.dpiw.tas.gov.au/inter.nsf/WebPages/BHAN-53777B

http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/155768876?q=thylacine&l-format=Data+set&c=article&versionId=169800986

http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/155770293?q=thylacine&l-format=Data+set&c=article&versionId=169802403

http://www.ceo.wa.edu.au/home/carey.peter/Tasmanian/tigertales1.html [Some of Col Bailey's "Tiger Tales" newspaper column articles]

http://news.mongabay.com/2013/0520-hance-thylacine-new-guinea.html

http://www.simoncubit.com.au/thylacine-stories

https://thylacinetiger.com/

http://michael-moss-internet-stalker-coward.blogspot.com.au/

http://michael-moss-internet-stalker.blogspot.com.au/

http://messybeast.com/extinct/thylacine.htm

http://www.wherelightmeetsdark.com.au/research/tasmanian-tiger-(thylacine)-research/photomicrographs-of-thylacine-hair/sem-scanning-electron-micrographs-of-tasmanian-tiger-hair/

http://malcolmscryptids.blogspot.com.au/2011/10/thylacines-in-indonesian-new-guinea.html

http://www.couriermail.com.au/news/true-believer-hopes-hidden-cameras-will-solve-mystery-of-tasmanian-tiger/story-fnii5smp-1226699074495

http://au.news.yahoo.com/technology/a/19855770/tasmanian-tiger-hunt-expedition-team-vows-to-return-after-failing-to-sight-elusive-animal/

http://www.stillwildstillthreatened.org/sites/default/files/devilsindanger_low_res_final.pdf#page=14 [photograph of Elias Churchill's hut, capturer of the last known wild thylacine in the Florentine Valley in 1933]

http://www.smh.com.au/national/desperate-bid-to-protect-fragile-tasmanian-tiger-in-museum-20140310-34hxy.html

https://www.app.pan.pl/archive/published/app58/app000422013_acc.pdf

ftp://rock.geosociety.org/pub/reposit/2007/2007016.pdf

https://www.thedodo.com/community/PhilipHoare/the-quest-for-the-thylacine-404018858.html

http://scienceline.org/2011/11/tasmanian-tiger-wrongfully-hunted-to-extinction/

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-08-27/cwa-tas-tiger-teatowel/6728118

http://www.theadvocate.com.au/story/3553515/last-known-photograph-of-thylacine-sold-at-auction/?cs=87

https://archive.org/stream/australianz2021197885roya#page/n391/mode/2up

http://www.themercury.com.au/news/tasmania/tasweekend-tiger-tales/news-story/81bcb88ef29b43896a02fc5c63dbe304

http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/283/1832/20160375

https://lookingbackwithmickroberts.wordpress.com/2015/09/24/the-bulli-tiger-mystery/

http://nichaygarth.com/index.php/2016/12/29/theophilus-jones-and-the-thylacine-or-the-case-for-the-prosecution/

https://twilightbeasts.wordpress.com/2015/08/26/a-striped-wonder/

http://blogs.abc.net.au/tasmania/2013/07/the-last-tiger-in-the-zoo.html

http://forum.forteantimes.com/index.php?threads/thylacine-post-1936-sightings.29282/page-21

http://www.wherelightmeetsdark.com/files/version_1_0_0.pdf

http://dpipwe.tas.gov.au/about-the-department/governance-policies-and-legislation/rti-disclosure-log

https://researchdata.ands.org.au/mainland-thylacine-devil-2013-2015/674980

https://books.google.com.au/books?hl=en&lr=&id=Z9A_DgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT2&ots=BXfjIgoa4e&sig=mSYoSUpzIK97D3gQX1m8lDESTb8#v=onepage&q=thylacine&f=false (Ubirr rock art site contains depiction of thylacine)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/47229295?searchTerm=Wilf%20Batty&searchLimits=

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-08-04/augmented-reality-project-aims-to-enhance-tasmanian-tourism/8775796

http://nichaygarth.com/index.php/tag/thylacine/

http://monissa.com/journal/a-visit-to-the-zoo-beaumaris-zoo-site/

http://everything.explained.today/Thylacine/

https://www.tasmaniatalks.com.au/the-show/26714-could-the-thylacine-awareness-group-be-close-to-having-scientific-proof-of-the-thylacine-s-existence

https://cites.org/sites/default/files/common/com/ac/26/E26-20i.pdf

https://malcolmscryptids.blogspot.com.au/2013/10/thylacines-in-indonesian-new-guinea.html?m=1

http://www.africamuseum.be/museum/research/natural-sciences/biology/vertebrates/mammalogy/marsupial [endocast]

https://sydney.edu.au/museums/publications/muse/past-issues/2007_may_news.pdf
["To mark the day, the Macleay Museum will bring out its thylacine (Tasmanian Tiger) specimen for one day only."]

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-05-28/could-the-tasmanian-tiger-still-roam-the-top-end/9807296

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-05-02/new-photo-and-hairs-from-tasmanian-tiger-sparks-interest/8488970

http://connection.ebscohost.com/tag/THYLACINE

http://www.abc.net.au/radio/hobart/programs/your-afternoon/tasmanian-tigers/8468100

http://fourier.phys.utas.edu.au/AAvHF_biennial/Brandon_Menzies_transcript.pdf

https://linctas.ent.sirsidynix.net.au/client/en_AU/library/search/results?qu=TITLE_INDEX%3D"The%20amazing%20Tasmanian%20Devil."

https://stors.tas.gov.au/AUTAS001131822389j2k

https://linctas.ent.sirsidynix.net.au/client/en_AU/library/search/detailnonmodal/ent:$002f$002fSD_ILS$002f0$002fSD_ILS:673381/one

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6149611/Sydney-amateur-naturalist-stumbles-rare-hairs-envelope-belonging-extinct-Tasmanian-tiger.html

http://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/6274/thylacinus-cynocephalus-thylacine

https://soundcloud.com/cebyrne/mp3dorothy-edited-final2?utm_source=soundcloud&utm_campaign=wtshare&utm_medium=Facebook&utm_content=https%3A%2F%2Fsoundcloud.com%2Fcebyrne%2Fmp3dorothy-edited-final2

https://periferiesurbanes.files.wordpress.com/2010/08/bennetstheburrupgetsburked.pdf

https://issuu.com/hobartspeculate/docs/beaumaris_draft__print__130319

https://issuu.com/bunburyregionalartgalleries/docs/insite_catalogue

https://www.abc.net.au/radio/brisbane/programs/evenings/bill-laurance-thylacine/8591526

https://www.abc.net.au/radio/programs/pm/dna-water-testing-may-solve-mystery-of-tasmanian/8695222

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=0AE_AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA211&dq=thylacinus&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwik84z2x9zjAhXFdn0KHVItDgI4ChDoAQhDMAU#v=onepage&q=thylacinus&f=false

https://www.thehindu.com/children/will-thylacines-growl-back-to-life/article29307162.ece

https://www.meisterdrucke.uk/fine-art-prints/Frederick-William-Bond/283632/Thylacine-Tasmanian-Wolf-at-London-Zoo.The-Thylacine-is-thought-to-have-become-extinct-in-1933.In-all,-London-Zoo-exhibited-20-Thylacines-between-1850-and1931.-.html

https://www.meisterdrucke.uk/fine-art-prints/Frederick-William-Bond/234831/The-now-extinct-Tasmanian-Tiger,-or-Thylacine,-1914-.html

 

Archived websites:

https://web.archive.org/web/20060823172929/http://www.ceo.wa.edu.au/home/carey.peter/Tasmanian/tastiger.html

https://web.archive.org/web/20070611082138/http://www.bricey.net/Thylacine/

https://web.archive.org/web/20080820113832/http://www.tmag.tas.gov.au/Thylacine/ThylaRug.html

https://web.archive.org/web/20051225061425/https://www.carnivorousnights.com/index.html

https://web.archive.org/web/20070509124757/https://www.derwentvalley.tascom.net/thylascene/book.html

 

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