Typhlops sulcatus Cope, 1868

Navassa Island worm snake



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Typhlops haitiensis Richmond, 1964; Typhlops sulcata Cope, 1868 (orthological error)


Conservation Status


Last record: 1905?

IUCN RedList status: Extinct (as a subpopulation)


Known only from the holotype at present, but if the species has a much wider distribution then it is still extant. However, if the Navassa Island population deserves subspecific distinction then it is probably extinct as intensive efforts to catch this species have failed.



Navassa Island, Hispaniola


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: USNM 12371






Powell, Robert. (1999). Herpetology of Navassa Island, West Indies. Caribbean Journal of Science 35: 1-13.

Powell, Robert and Henderson, Robert W. (2012). Island lists of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 51(2): 85-166. [considers this taxon extirpated from Navassa Island]

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.

Wallach, V. (2010). Typhlops sulcatus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 21 July 2013.


<< Back to the Ophidia (Serpentes) (Snakes) database