Madatyphlops cariei Hoffstetter, 1946

Hoffstetter's worm snake



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Typhlops cariei Hoffstetter, 1946


"If, as proposed by Cheke (2010), the type locality of Cathetorhinus melanocephalus is on Mauritius, this name is likely to be a senior synonym of the only native blindsnake known from Mauritius, Madatyphlops cairei [sic]. This author cautions, however, that it is "not likely to be easy" to demonstrate a connection between the two, as M. cairei [sic] is known only from subfossil remains from a site with poor DNA preservation and the C. melanorhinus holotype has been preserved in alcohol for more than 200 years."

(Cole, 2021)


Conservation Status


Last record: 1600's

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Mauritius, Mascarene Islands


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: MNHN MAU 1000






Original scientific description:

Hoffstetter, R. (1946). Les Typhlopidae fossiles. Bulletin Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris (2) 18(3): 309-315.


Other references:

Cheke, Anthony. (2010). Is the enigmatic blind-snake Cathetorhinus melanocephalus (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) an extinct endemic species from Mauritius? Hamdryad 35(1): 101-104.

Cheke, Anthony and Hume, Julian. (2008). Lost Land of the Dodo: An Ecological History of Mauritius, Réunion and Rodrigues. London: T & AD Poyser.

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). (1996). 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Cole, N. (2021). Typhlops cariei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T22607A166933641. Accessed on 12 June 2022.

Groombridge, B. (1992). Global Biodiversity: Status of the Earth’s Living Resources. Report compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Chapman and Hall, London.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). (1994). 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

McDiarmid, R. W., Campbell, J. A. and Touré, T. (1999). Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp.

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996a). Typhlops cariei. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. ( Downloaded on 29 January 2012.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1996b. Typhlops cariei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1996: e.T22607A9379456. Downloaded on 25 June 2021.


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