Liophis ornatus Garman, 1887

Saint Lucia racer, St Lucia racer, Ornate ground snake, 'couresse'



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Dromicus ornatus Garman, 1887; Erythrolamprus ornatus Garman, 1887; Dromicus giganteus Jan, 1863


Conservation Status

Last record: c.1973

Rediscovered in 2012

IUCN RedList status: Endangered



St Lucia


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Garman, S. (1887). On West Indian Reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy, at Cambridge, Mass. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 24: 278-286.


Other references:

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Buley, K. R., Prior, K. A. and Gibson, R. C. (1997). In search of the St. Lucia Racer, Liophis ornatus, with further observations on the reptile fauna of the Maria Islands, St. Lucia, West Indies. Dodo, Journal of the Wildlife Preservation Trusts 33: 104-117.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Gibson, R. (1996). Erythrolamprus ornatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1996: e.T12080A3321657. Downloaded on 14 August 2016.

Grazziotin, F. G., Zaher, H., Murphy, R. W., Scrocchi, G., Benavides, M. A., Zhang, Y.-P. and Bonatto, S. L. (2012). Molecular phylogeny of the New World Dipsadidae (Serpentes: Colubroidea): a reappraisal. Cladistics 28(5): 437-459.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Parker, H. W. (1936). Some extinct snakes of the West Indies. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 10, 18: 227-233.

Ross, T. N. and Williams, R. J. (2012). Population Assessment and Conservation Status of the Saint Lucia Racer, Liophis ornatus: November – December 2011. Report to the Saint Lucia Forestry Department, Saint Lucia National Trust, Fauna & Flora International and Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust.

Smith, H.M.; J.R. Dixon; V. Wallach. 1993. Dromicus giganteus Jan (Reptilia: Serpentes) is a nomen nudum. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 29 (3): 77-79.

Tyler, R. (1850). Notes on the serpents of St. Lucia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (2) 6: 130-134.

Williams, Robert J., Ross, Toby, N., Morton, Matthew N., Daltry, Jennifer C. and Isidore, Lenn. (2016). Update on the natural history and conservation status of the Saint Lucia racer, [i]Erythrolamprus ornatus[/i] Garman, 1887 (Squamata: Dipsadidae). Herpetology Notes 9: 157-162.


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