Clelia errabunda Underwood, 1993

Underwood's mussurana/massurana, Saint Lucia cribo, Black snake



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1800's (Daltry, 2009)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


Not seen since the 1800's (Daltry, 2009:96), and considered extinct by (Underwood, 1993) who described the species. Daltry (2009) considers the species as deserving to be evaluated as Extinct under IUCN criteria, but mentions that there are occasional reports of big black snakes in the forest which might possibly refer to C. errabunda (p. 96).



St. Lucia, St Lucia Bank, Lesser Antilles


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: BMNH


2 preserved specimens can be seen in (Daltry, 2009:95).






Original scientific description:

Underwood, Garth. (1993). A new snake from St Lucia, West Indies. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum (Zool.) 59(1): 1-9.


Other references:

Breen, H. H. (1844). St. Lucia: Historical, Statistical and Descriptive. London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans. [details the species' behaviour]

Daltry, Jennifer C. (2009). The Status and Management of Saint Lucia’s Forest Reptiles and Amphibians. Technical Report No. 2 to the National Forest Demarcation and Bio-Physical Resource Inventory Project, FCG International Ltd, Helsinki, Finland. 129 pp.

Daltry, J.C., Powell, R. & Henderson, R.W. 2016. Clelia errabunda. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T203441A2765488. Downloaded on 17 December 2016.

Daltry, J.C., Powell, R. & Henderson, R.W. 2016. Clelia errabunda (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T203441A115349952. Downloaded on 27 June 2021.

Henderson, R.W. and Powell, R. 2009. Natural History of West Indian Reptiles and Amphibians. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Powell, Robert and Henderson, Robert W. (2012). Island lists of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 51(2): 85-166. [considers this taxon possibly extinct]

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.

Uetz, P. et. al., The Reptile Database, , accessed December 11, 2010.

Underwood, Garth. (1995). A Tale of Old Serpents. Saint Lucia National Trust, Castries, Saint Lucia, West Indies.

Zaher, H. (1996). A new genus and species of pseudoboine snake, with a revision of the genus Clelia (Serpentes, Xenodontinae). Boll. Mus. reg. Sci. nat. Torino, 14: 289-337.


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