Santalum fernandezianum F. Philippi, 1892

Chile sandalwood



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1908 (Skottsberg, 1910)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Juan Fernández Island, Chile


Biology & Ecology









Original scientific description:

Philippi, F. (1892). En sándalo de Juan Fernandez. Anales del Museo Nacional Santiago de Chile, Secc. 2: 5-7.


Other references:

Albani Rocchetti, G., Carta, A., Mondoni, A. et al. (2022). Selecting the best candidates for resurrecting extinct-in-the-wild plants from herbaria. Nature Plants 8: 1385-1393. [Supplementary Tables S1-S6]

Baeza, Carlos M. et al. (1999). Anatomical considerations of the secondary wood of Santalum fernandezianum F. Phil. (Santalaceae), an extinct species of the Juan Fernandez Islands, Chile. Gayana 56: 63-65.

Holmes, Branden. (2021). What's Lost and What Remains: The Sixth Extinction in 100 Accounts (eBook). Self published.

Humphreys, Aelys M. et al. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Abstract] [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Johow, F. 1896. Estudios sobre la Flora de las Islas de Juan Fernández. Santiago de Chile: Imprenta Cervantes

Le Roux, Johannes J., Hui, C., Castillo, M. L., Iriondo, J. M., Keet, J.-H., Khapugin, A. A., Médail, F., Rejmánek, M., Theron, G. Yannelli, F. A. and Hirsch, H. (2019). Recent Anthropogenic Plant Extinctions Differ in Biodiversity Hotspots and Coldspots. Current Biology 29(17): 2912-2918.e2.

Lucas, G.L.l. and Synge, H. (compilers). 1978. The IUCN Plant Red Data Book. IUCN, Morges, Switzerland.

Oldfield, Sara, Lusty, Charlotte and MacKinven, Amy (compilers). (1998). The World List of Threatened Trees. Cambridge, U.K.: World Conservation Press. 650 pp.

Ricci, Marcia. 1990. Programa de conservación y recuperación de plantas amenazadas de Juan Fernandez. (Including annotations by H. Synge).

Skottsberg, Carl. (1910). Juan Fernandez-oarnas sandelträd. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 4: 167-173. [includes a photo of a living specimen]

Walter, Kerry S. and Gillett, Harriet J. (eds.). (1998). 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK: IUCN – The World Conservation Union. lxiv + 862 pp.

W.C.M.C. (1996). Threatened plant database of the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. W.C.M.C., Cambridge, U.K.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1998. Santalum fernandezianum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T30406A9544750. Downloaded on 19 November 2016.

WWF and IUCN. 1994. Centres of plant diversity. A guide and strategy for their conservation. IUCN Publications Unit, Cambridge, UK.


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