Psittacara maugei Souancé, 1856

Mona Island conure, Puerto Rican conure, Puerto Rico parakeet



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Aratinga chloroptera maugei Souancé, 1856; Psittacara chloroptera maugei Souancé, 1856; Aratinga maugei Souancé, 1856; Conurus gundlachi Cabanis, 1881:5


Conservation Status


Last record: 1892 (Day, 1981:76)



Puerto Rico (including Mona Island)


Although only collected alive on Mona Island, Day (1981:76) says that "according to oral tradition among old-timers [it also occurred] on Puerto Rico itself". This is supported by (Olson, 2015). Hurricanes may have played a role in its ultimate extinction (Wiley & Wunderle, 1993:340).


Biology & Ecology




Only three preserved specimens exist: one each in the Leiden Museum, Field Museum in Chicago and Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.


[url=]RMNH 110.079[/url] (adult)


Further fossil material from Puerto Rico itself was discussed by (Olson, 2015). Two missing syntypes were also known: ZMB 2000.35468 and ZMB 2000.35469 (Frahnert et al. 2015).






Original scientific description:

Souancé, De C. (1856). Travaux inédits : catalogue des perroquets de la collection du Prince Masséna, duc de Rivoli et observations sur quelques espèces nouvelles ou peu connues de Psittacidés. Revue et Magasin de Zoologie [du Zoologie Pure et Appliquée?] (2) 8: 56-64, 152-158, 208-226.


Other references:

Cabanis, J. (1881a). Nachrichten und Neuigkeiten. Allgemeine Deutsche ornithologische Gesellschaft. Ornithologisches Centralblatt 6: 5.

Cabanis, J. (1881b). Bericht über die December-Sitzung. [Conurus Gundlachi from Isla de Mona]. Journal für Ornithologie 29: 107-108.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Forshaw, Joseph M. and Knight, Frank. (2017). Vanished and Vanishing Parrots: Profiling Extinct and Endangered Species. Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing.

Frahnert, Sylke, Román, Rafaela Aguilera, Eckhoff, Pascal and Wiley, James W. (2015). Juan Cristóbal Gundlach’s collections of Puerto Rican birds with special regard to types. Zoosystematics and Evolution 91(2): 177-189.

Fuller, Errol. (2000). Extinct Birds. Oxford University Press.

Jouanin, Christian. (1962). Inventaire des oiseaux éteints ou en voie d’extinction conservés au Muséum de Paris. Terre et Vie 109: 275-301.

Marien, D. and Koopman, Karl F. (1955). The relationships of the West Indian species of Aratinga (Aves: Psittacidae). American Museum Novitates 1712: 1-20.

Olson, Storrs L. (2015). History, morphology, and fossil record of the extinct Puerto Rican Parakeet Psittacara maugei Souancé. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 127(1): 1-12. [Abstract]

Voisin, Claire and Voisin, Jean-François. (2008). Liste des types d’oiseaux des collections du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle de Paris. 16: Perroquets (Psittacidae). Zoosystema 30(2): 463-499.

Wetmore, Alexander. (1916). Birds of Porto Rico. U. S. Dept. Agr. Bull., no. 326.

Wetmore, Alexander and Swales, Bradshaw H. (1931). The birds of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Bull. U. S. Natl. Mus., no. 155.

Wiley, James and Wunderle, Joseph M. (1993). The effects of hurricanes on birds with special reference to Caribbean islands. Bird Conservation International 3: 319-349.

Williams, Mathew I. and Steadman, David W. (2001). The historic and prehistoric distribution of parrots (Psittacidae) in the West Indies, pp. 175-189. In: Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, Florence E. (eds.). Biogeography of the West Indies: Patterns and Perspectives, 2nd ed. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.


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