Palaeornis wardi E. Newton, 1867:335 (p. 346?)

Seychelles parakeet, Seychelles parrot



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Psittacula wardi E. Newton, 1867:335; Psittacula eupatria wardi E. Newton, 1867:335


Conservation Status


Last record: 1893 (Skerrett et al., 2001); 1907 (Tyrberg, 2009:90)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Mahé & Silhouette (& Praslin?), Seychelles


Biology & Ecology




10 museum specimens exist (Hume, 2007:29)








Original scientific description:

Newton, E. (1867). Descriptions of some new species of birds from the Seychelles Islands. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London [1867]: 344-347.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012). Psittacula wardi. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 16 July 2013.

BirdLife International. 2016. Psittacula wardi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22685437A93073309. Accessed on 30 June 2022.

Braun, Michael P. et al. (2019). A molecular phylogeny of the genus Psittacula sensu lato (Aves: Psittaciformes: Psittacidae: Psittacula, Psittinus, Tanygnathus, †Mascarinus) with taxonomic implications. Zootaxa 4563(3): 547-562. [Abstract]

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Cheke, Anthony S. (2013). Animals depicted by Marianne North in her Seychelles paintings. Phelsuma 21: 47-57.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Diamond, A.W. (1984) Biogeography of Seychelles land birds. In: Stoddart, D.R. (Ed.), Biogeography and Ecology of the Seychelles Islands. Monographiae Biologicae 55 Dr. W.Junk Publishers, 487–511.

Forshaw, J.M. (1989) Parrots of the world. Melbourne Landsdowne Editions, 672 pp.

Forshaw, J. M.; Cooper, W. T. 1989. Parrots of the world. Blandford Press, London.

Forshaw, Joseph M. and Knight, Frank. (2017). Vanished and Vanishing Parrots: Profiling Extinct and Endangered Species. Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing.

Gerlach, Justin. (2012). Red Listing reveals the true state of biodiversity: a comprehensive assessment of Seychelles biodiversity. Phelsuma 20: 9-22.

Greenway, J. C. (1967). Extinct and vanishing birds of the world. 2nd edn. New York Dover, 520 pp.

Hume, Julian Pender. (2007). Reappraisal of the parrots (Aves: Psittacidae) from the Mascarene Islands, with comments on their ecology, morphology, and affinities. Zootaxa 1513: 1-76.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser. 544 pp.

Jackson, Hazel et al. (In Press, 2015). Micro-evolutionary diversification among Indian Ocean parrots: temporal and spatial changes in phylogenetic diversity as a consequence of extinction and invasion. Ibis. DOI: 10.1111/ibi.12275 [Abstract]

Jouanin, Christian. (1962). Inventaire des oiseaux éteints ou en voie d’extinction conservés au Muséum de Paris. Terre et Vie 109: 275-301.

Knox, Alan G. and Walters, Michael P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of The Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club Occasional Publications 1: 1-292. [p. 152]

Lionnet, G. (1984). Extinct birds of the Seychelles. Monographiae Biologicae 55: 505-511.

Newton, A. and Newton, E. (1876). On the Psittaci of the Mascarene Islands. Ibis, ser. 3, 6: 281-289.

Nicoll, M. J. (1908). Three voyages of a naturalist, being an account of many little-known islands in three oceans visited by the Valhalla, R.Y.S. London: Witherby. [did not record the species in 1906]

North, Marianne. (1894). Recollections of a happy life being the autobiography of Marianne North. Volume 2. London & New York: Macmillan and Co.

Peters, J. L. (1937). Check-list of the Birds of the World (III). Cambridge Masschusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. 311 pp. [notes the species as "Possibly extinct."]

Rothschild, W. (1907a [for 1905]) On extinct and vanishing birds. Ornis 14 (Proceedings of the 4th International Ornithological Congress, London), 191-217.

Rothschild, Lionel Walter. (1907b). Extinct birds: an attempt to write in one volume a short account of those birds which have become extinct in historical times, that is within the last six or seven hundred years: to which are added a few which still exist, but are on the verge of extinction. London: Hutchinson & Co. XXIX + 243 pp. [p. 66, pl. 20]

Sayol, Ferran, Steinbauer, Manuel J., Blackburn, Tim M., Antonelli, Alexandre and Faurby, Søren. (2020). Anthropogenic extinctions conceal widespread evolution of flightlessness in birds. Science Advances 6(49): eabb6095. [Supplementary Material (Data File S1)]

Skerrett, A., Bullock, I. and Disley, T. (2001). Birds of Seychelles. London: A.& C. Black (Croom Helm). 320 pp.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Vesey-Fitzgerald, D. (1940). Birds of the Seychelles. 1. The endemic birds. Ibis 14(5): 480-504. [did not record the species]

Vesey-Fitzgerald, D. (1941). Further contributions to the ornithology of the Seychelles Islands. Ibis 14(5): 518-531. [did not record the species]


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