Lophopsittacus mauritianus Owen, 1866:168

Mauritius parrot, Broad-billed parrot, Raven parrot, Mauritian flightless parrot



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Lophopsittacus mauritanicus Owen, 1866:168 (used by Day, 1981:68); Psittacus mauritianus Owen, 1866:168; Psittacus (Lophopsittacus) mauritianus Owen, 1866:168


Conservation Status


Last record: 1673-74

IUCN RedList status: Extinct





Biology & Ecology

Despite one of its common names, there is no evidence that this species was flightless (Hume, 2005; Cheke & Hume, 2008:426ff).









Original scientific description:

Owen, Richard. (1866). Evidence of a Species, perhaps extinct, of large Parrot ([i]Psittacus mauritianus[/i], Owen), contemporary with the Dodo, in the Island of Mauritius.. Ibis Ser. 2, 8(2): 168-171. [Abstract]


Other references:

Barnwell, P.J. (1948) Visits and Despatches 1598–1948. Port Louis, Mauritius Standard Printing Establishment. 306 pp.

Begin en de voortgangh van de Vereenighde Nederlandtsche Geoctroyeerde Oost-Indische Compagnie, vervattende de Voomaemste Reysen……Gedruckt in den jaere (1646).

Berlioz, J. (1940). Note critique sur...Lophopsittacus mauritianus (Owen). Bull. Mus. [Paris] (2) 12: 143-148.

BirdLife International. (2012). Lophopsittacus mauritianus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 06 August 2012.

BirdLife International. 2016. Lophopsittacus mauritianus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22728847A94998733. Downloaded on 27 June 2021.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Cheke, A. S. (1987). An ecological history of the Mascarene Islands, with particular reference to extinctions and introductions of land vertebrates. In: Diamond, A.W. (ed.), Studies of Mascarene island birds, pp. 5-89. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

Cheke, Anthony S. (2013). Extinct birds of the Mascarenes and Seychelles - a review of the causes of extinction in the light of an important new publication on extinct birds. Phelsuma 21: 4-19.

Cheke, Anthony S. and Hume, Julian Pender. (2008). Lost Land of the Dodo: An Ecological History of Mauritius, Réunion & Rodrigues. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. 464 pp.

Cowles, Graham S. (1987). The fossil record, pp. 90-100. In: Diamond, A. W. (ed.). Studies of Mascarene Island Birds. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.

Grandidier, A. and Grandidier, G. (1905). Ouvrages ou extraits d’ouvrages anglais, hollandaise, portugais, espagnols et allemands, relatifs à anciens Madagascar (1640 à 1716). In: Grandidier, A., de Institut, Charles-roux, Delhorbe, C., Froidevaux, H., & Grandidier, G. (Eds.), Collection des Ouvrages anciens concernant Madagascar. Paris: Comité de Madagascar, tome III, 368-380.

Hachisuka, M. (1953). The Dodo and kindred birds, or the extinct birds of the Mascarene Islands. London (UK): HF & G Witherby. 250 p.

Het Tweede Boeck. (1601). Journal oft Dagh-register / inhoudende een warachtig verhael ende historische vertellinghe van de Reyse / gedaen door de acht schepen van Amstelredame / gheseylt in den Maert Martij 1598 onder ‘t beleydt van den Admirael Jacob Cornelisz. Neck ende Wybrandt van Warwijck als vice admirael –van hare zeylagie ende gedenwaerdighe zaken ende geschiedenissen haer op de voortz-reys bejeghent. Ghedruct tot Amstelredam by Cornelis Claesz. Opt Water in ‘t Schrijf-boeck. Amsterdam.

Holyoak, D. T. (1971). Comments on the extinct parrot Lophopsittacus mauritianus. Ardea 59: 50-51.

Hume, Julian Pender. (2003). The journal of the flagship Gelderland – dodo and other birds on Mauritius 1601. Archives of Natural History 30(1): 13-27.

Hume, Julian Pender. (2005). The vertebrate palaeontology of the western Indian Ocean. PhD thesis, Portsmouth University & NHM, Tring.

Hume, Julian Pender. (2007). Reappraisal of the parrots (Aves: Psittacidae) from the Mascarene Islands, with comments on their ecology, morphology and affinities. Zootaxa 1513: 1-76.

Hume, Julian Pender. (2013). A synopsis of the pre-human avifauna of the Mascarene Islands, pp. 195-237. In: Göhlich, U.B. & Kroh, A. (eds.). Proceedings of the 8th International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution. Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien.

Hume, Julian Pender and Winters, Ria. (2015). Captive birds on Dutch Mauritius: bad-tempered parrots, warty pigeons and notes on other native animals. Historical Biology. DOI:10.1080/08912963.2015.1036750

Knox, Alan G. and Walters, Michael P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of The Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club Occasional Publications 1: 1-292. [p. 150]

Moree, P. (1998) A concise history of Dutch Mauritius, 1598–1710. London and New York, Kegan Paul International, 127 pp.

Newton, A. (1875a) Exhibition of and remarks upon tracings of some unpublished sketches of the dodo and other extinct birds of Mauritius. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, London 1875: 350.

Newton, A. (1875b) Birds recently extirpated. In: Encyclopedia Britannica III: 732, figs. 44, 46.

Newton, A. and Gadow, H. (1896). A dictionary of birds. London A. & C. Black, 1088 pp.

Newton, E. and Gadow, H. (1893). On additional Bones of the Dodo and other Extinct Birds of Mauritius obtained by Mr. Théodore Sauzier. Transactions of the Zoological Society London XIII: 281-302.

Newton, A. and Newton, E. (1876). On the Psittaci of the Mascarene Islands. Ibis, series. 3, 6: 281-289.

Rothschild, Walter. (1907a [for 1905]) On extinct and vanishing birds. Ornis 14 (Proceedings of the 4th International Ornithological Congress, London) 191-217.

Rothschild, Lionel Walter. (1907b). Extinct birds: an attempt to write in one volume a short account of those birds which have become extinct in historical times, that is within the last six or seven hundred years: to which are added a few which still exist, but are on the verge of extinction. London: Hutchinson & Co. XXIX + 243 pp. [p. 49, pl. 7]

Sayol, Ferran, Steinbauer, Manuel J., Blackburn, Tim M., Antonelli, Alexandre and Faurby, Søren. (2020). Anthropogenic extinctions conceal widespread evolution of flightlessness in birds. Science Advances 6(49): eabb6095. [Supplementary Material (Data File S1)]

Soete-boom, H. (1648) ‘Derde voomaemste Zeegetogt (der verbondene vrije Nederlanden) na de Oost-Indien: gedaan met de Achinsche en Moluksche vloten, onder de Ammiralen Jacob Heemskerk en Wolfert Harmansz. In de jare 1601, 1602, 1603. Enz. Getrocken uit de naarstige aanteekeningen van Willem van West-Zanen, Schipper op de Bruin-Vis…en met eenige noodige bijvoegselen vermeerdert, door Amsterdam.

Staub, F. (1993). Fauna of Mauritius and associated flora. Mauritius Précigraph Ltd, 97 pp. 

Strickland, H. E. & Melville, A.G. (1848) The dodo and its kindred. London, Reeve, Benham & Reeve, 141 pp.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Vargas, Pablo. (2023). Exploring ‘endangered living fossils’ (ELFs) among monotypic genera of plants and animals of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 11: 1100503.


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