Eclectus infectus Steadman, 2006:139

Oceanic eclectus parrot, Pacific Islands eclectus parrot



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Eclectus cf. infectus from Vanuatu/Fiji may or may not belong to this taxon.


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Holocene (subfossil remains) (Steadman, 2006a); 1793 (possible drawing from a living specimen) (Sotos Serrano, 1982; Olson, 2006)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



'Eua, Lifuka, Uiha & Vava'u, Tonga (also Fiji & Vanuatu?)


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Steadman, David William. (2006a). A New Species of Extinct Parrot (Psittacidae: Eclectus) from Tonga and Vanuatu, South Pacific. Pacific Science 60(1): 137-145.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2014). Eclectus infectus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. ( Downloaded on 26 July 2014.

BirdLife International. 2017. Eclectus infectus (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T62307504A119208554. Accessed on 02 July 2022.

Franklin, Janet and Steadman, David W. (2008). Prehistoric species richness of birds on oceanic islands. Oikos 117: 1885-1891. [Abstract]

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser. 544 pp.

Olson, S. L. (2006). Birds, including extinct species, encountered by the Malaspina Expedition on Vava’u, Tonga, in 1793. Archives of Natural History 33(1): 42-52.

Sayol, Ferran, Steinbauer, Manuel J., Blackburn, Tim M., Antonelli, Alexandre and Faurby, Søren. (2020). Anthropogenic extinctions conceal widespread evolution of flightlessness in birds. Science Advances 6(49): eabb6095. [Supplementary Material (Data File S1)]

Sotos Serrano, C. (1982). Los pintores de la expedición de Alejandro Malaspina. Madrid: Real Academia de la Historia. 2 volumes. The drawing can be found on page 250, figure 792.

Steadman, David W. (1993). Biogeography of Tongan birds before and after human impact. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 90(3): 818-822.

Steadman, David W. (1995). Prehistoric Extinctions of Pacific Island Birds: Biodiversity Meets Zooarchaeology. Science 267(5201): 1123-1131.

Steadman DW (2005) A new species of extinct parrot (Psittacidae: Eclectus) from Tonga and Vanuatu, South Paci5 c. Paci; c Science 60, 137–145.

Steadman, David W. (2006b). Extinction and Biogeography of Tropical Pacific Birds. Chicago: University Of Chicago Press. xiv + 594 pp.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Worthy, Trevor H. and Burley, David V. (2019). Prehistoric avifaunas from the Kingdom of Tonga. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, zlz110, [Abstract]


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