Cyanoramphus ulietanus Gmelin, 1788:328

Raiatea parakeet, Society parakeet



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Psittacus ulietanus Gmelin, 1788:328; Psittacus pacificus J. R. Forster, 1844:238; Platycercus tannaensis Finsch, 1868:271; Psittacus fuscatus Pelzeln, 1873:30


Conservation Status


Last record: 1773

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


Day (1981:83) mentions that this species has been reported rediscovered, however he gives no citation to back this up.



Raiatea (=Ulietea), Society Islands, French Polynesia


Biology & Ecology




Only known from 2 specimens collected in 1773 (BirdLife International, 2012).






Original scientific description:

Gmelin, J. F. (1788). Caroli a Linné, Systema naturae per regna tria naturae secundum classes, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I, part I. Lipsiae: Impensis Georg. Emmanuel Beer.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012). Cyanoramphus ulietanus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 07 October 2012.

BirdLife International. 2016. Cyanoramphus ulietanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22728673A94993704. Accessed on 19 June 2022.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Finsch, O. (1868). Die Papageien: Monographisch bearbeitet. 2 volumes. Leiden: E. Brill.

Forshaw, J. M. and Cooper, W. T. (1989). Parrots of the world. Blandford Press, London.

Forshaw, Joseph M. and Knight, Frank. (2017). Vanished and Vanishing Parrots: Profiling Extinct and Endangered Species. Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing.

Forster, J. R. (1844). In: Lichtenstein, Heinrich (ed.). Descriptiones animalium quae in itinere ad Maris australis terras per annos 1772, 1773 et 1774 suscepto collegit, observavit et delineavit Ioannes Reinoldus Forster. Berlin.

Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.

Greenway James C. (1967). Extinct and Vanishing Birds of the World. American Committee for International Wild Life Protection, Special Publication no 13, 2nd edn. Dover Publications, New York.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Knox, Alan G. and Walters, Michael P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of The Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club Occasional Publications 1: 1-292. [p. 149]

Latham, J. A. (1781). A General Synopsis of Birds, volume 1. London: Benjamin White.

Pelzeln, A. v. (1873). On the birds in the collection at Vienna obtained from the Leverian Museum. Ibis 15(1): 14-54.

Pratt, H.D., Bruner, P.L. and Berrett, D.G. (1987). A Field Guide to the Birds of Hawaii and the Tropical Pacific. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Rothschild, Lionel Walter Rothschild. (1907). Extinct birds: an attempt to write in one volume a short account of those birds which have become extinct in historical times, that is within the last six or seven hundred years: to which are added a few which still exist, but are on the verge of extinction. London: Hutchinson & Co. XXIX + 243 pp. [p. 70]

Sayol, Ferran, Steinbauer, Manuel J., Blackburn, Tim M., Antonelli, Alexandre and Faurby, Søren. (2020). Anthropogenic extinctions conceal widespread evolution of flightlessness in birds. Science Advances 6(49): eabb6095. [Supplementary Material (Data File S1)]

Steinheimer, Frank D. (2002). Darwin, Rüppell, Landbeck & Co. - Important Historical Collections at The Natural History Museum, Tring. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 51(2-3): 175-188.

Stresemann, E. (1950). Birds collected during Capt. James Cook's last expedition 1776-1780. Auk 67(1): 66-88.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.


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