Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae subflavescens Salvadori, 1891

Lord Howe Island parakeet, Lord Howe Island red-fronted parakeet



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Cyanoramphus subflavescens Salvadori, 1891


Conservation Status


Last record: 1869 (Hill, 1870)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Lord Howe Island, New South Wales, Australia


Biology & Ecology




Only known from 2 specimens in the British Museum.



Above: illustration from Mathews (1928)



Original scientific description:

Salvadori, T. (1891). Descriptions of two new species of parrots of the genus Cyanoramphus in the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 7(6): 68.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012). Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 07 October 2012.

Christidis, L. and Boles, W. E. (2008). Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing.

Corrie, A. T. (1878). A visit to Lord Howe Island. Proc., R. Geogr. Soc. 1878, XXII, p.136.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Department of Environment and Climate Change (NSW). (2007). Lord Howe Island Biodiversity Management Plan Appendices. Department of Environment and Climate Change (NSW), Sydney. vii + 267 pp.

Etheridge, R. (1889). The general zoology of Lord Howe Island; containing also an account of the collections made by the Australian Museum Collecting Party, Aug.–Sept., 1887. Australian Museum Memoir 2(1): 1-42, plates iv–v.

Garnett, Stephen (ed.). (1992). Threatened and Extinct Birds of Australia. RAOU Report Number 82. 212 pp.

Garnett, S. T. and Crowley, G. M. (2000). The Action Plan for Australian Birds 2000. Canberra, ACT: Environment Australia & Birds Australia.

Hill, Edward S. (1870). Lord Howe Island. Official visit by the Water Police Magistrate and the Director of the Botanic Gardens, Sydney; together with a description of the island. In: New South Wales Parliamentary Papers (Votes and Proceedings) 1: 635-654.

Hindwood, Keith A. (1938). The extinct birds of Lord Howe Island. Australian Museum Magazine 6(9): 319-324.

Hindwood, K. A. (1940). The birds of Lord Howe Island. Emu 40: 1-86.

Hull, Arthur Francis Basset. (1909). The birds of Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 34: 636-693, pls. l-liv. [p. 676]

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Hutton, Ian. (1991). Birds of Lord Howe Island: Past and Present. Coffs Harbour Plaza, N.S.W.: Self Published. 154 pp.

Knox, Alan G. and Walters, Michael P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of The Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club Occasional Publications 1: 1-292. [p. 147]

Mathews, Gregory Macalister. (1928). The Birds of Norfolk & Lord Howe Islands and the Australasian South Polar Quadrant: with additions to "birds of Australia". London: H.F. & G. Witherby. xii + 139 pp, pls 1-45. [p. 25, pl. 16]

McAllan, Ian A. W. and Bruce, Murray D. (1989, dated 1988). The Birds of New South Wales: A Working List. Turramurra, N.S.W.: Biocon Research Group, in association with the New South Wales Bird Atlassers. 103 pp.

McAllan, Ian A. W., Curtis, Brian R., Hutton, Ian and Cooper, Richard M. (2004). The Birds of Lord Howe Island Group: A Review of Records. Australian Field Ornithology 21(Supplement): 1-82.

Phipps, G. R. (1981). The Kakarikis. Aust. Avic. 35: 126-139.

Recher, H. F. (1974). Colonisation and extinction: the birds of Lord Howe Island. Australian Natural History 18(2): 64-69.

Rothschild, Lionel Walter Rothschild. (1907). Extinct birds: an attempt to write in one volume a short account of those birds which have become extinct in historical times, that is within the last six or seven hundred years: to which are added a few which still exist, but are on the verge of extinction. London: Hutchinson & Co. XXIX + 243 pp. [p. 70]

Schodde, R. and Mason, I. J. (1997). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. 37.2. Aves (Columbidae to Caraciidae). Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishers.

Woinarski, John C. Z., Legge, Sarah M. and Garnett, Stephen T. (2024). Extinct Australian birds: numbers, characteristics, lessons and prospects. Emu 124(1): 8-20.


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