Cyanopsitta spixii Wagler, 1832:675

Spix's macaw, Little blue macaw



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Ara hyacinthinus Spix, 1824 (junior homonym); Cyanopsitta spixii Spix, 1824 (incorrect author; used by Marcuk et al., 2020); Sittace Spixii Wagler, 1832:675


Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild

Last record in the wild: October 2000 or December 2000

IUCN RedList status: Extinct in the Wild





Biology & Ecology




[url=]RMNH 1469[/url] (female)

[url=]RMNH 110.110[/url] [ex RMNH 3803] (female)

[url=]RMNH 110.111[/url] [ex RMNH 6012] (male)



Above: Spix's macaw breeding centre


Above: another video about breeding the species in captivity


Above: Cyanopsitta spixii (Spix's macaw) on the left, with Anodorhynchus glaucus (Glaucous macaw) on the right. Illustration originally published in (Russ, 1898). Source: Teixeira & Papavero, 2016.



Original scientific description:

(Wagler) 1832 Abh.K.Bay.Akad.Wiss. 1 p.675

Other references:

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Al Wabra Wildlife Preservation. (undated). Press release 26: Restoring the Spix's Macaw habitat. Available at: #

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Butchart, Stuart H. M., Stattersfield, A. J. and Brooks, T. M. (2006). Going or gone: defining ‘Possibly Extinct’ species to give a truer picture of recent extinctions. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 126A: 7-24.

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