Charmosyna diadema Verreaux & Des Murs, 1860:390

New Caledonian lorikeet



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: before 1860 (Day, 1981:80); 1913 (Sarasin, 1913; Martin et al., 2023)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)


The New Caledonian lorikeet (Charmosyna diadema) was originally described based upon two specimens caught before 1860 (Verreaux & Des Murs, 1860). The last known record of this species was in 1913, when a specimen was collected (though apparently not preserved) (Sarasin, 1913). There have been numerous unconfirmed reports since the 1880's and it may conceivably still persist (BirdLife International, 2013).



New Caledonia


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Verreaux, J. and Des Murs, O. (1860). Description d'oiseaux nouveaux de la Nouvelle Calédonie et indication des espéces déjà connues de ce pays. Reveu et Magasin de Zoologie 2(12): 431-443.


Other references:

Berlioz, Jacques. (1945). Les Psittacidés de la Nouvelle Calédonie et des Etablissements Français d'Océanie. L'Oiseau et la Revue française d'Ornithologie 15: 1-9. (in French)

BirdLife International. (2000). Threatened Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge.

BirdLife International. (2012). Charmosyna diadema. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 22 August 2013.

BirdLife International. (2013). Species factsheet: Charmosyna diadema. Downloaded from on 25/08/2013.

BirdLife International. 2019. Charmosyna diadema. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T22684689A156512185. Accessed on 06 July 2022.

Bregulla, H. (1993). Die Papageien Neukaledoniens. Gefiederte Welt 117: 310-3; 349-51; 381-4; 412-6. (in German)

Butchart, Stuart H. M., Lowe, Stephen, Martin, Rob W., Symes, Andy, Westrip, James R. S. and Wheatley, Hannah. (2018a). Which bird species have gone extinct? A novel quantitative classification approach. Biological Conservation 227: 9-18.

Butchart, Stuart H. M., Stattersfield, A. J. and Brooks, T. M. (2006). Going or gone: defining ‘Possibly Extinct’ species to give a truer picture of recent extinctions. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 126A: 7-24.

Butchart, Stuart H. M., Wheatley, Hannah, Lowe, Stephen, Westrip, James R. S., Symes, Andy and Martin, Rob W. (2018b). Data for: Which bird species have gone extinct? A novel quantitative classification approach. Mendeley Data, V1, doi: 10.17632/vvjhpmyxb4.1

Ekstrom, J. M. M.; Jones, J. P. G.; Willis, J.; Isherwood, I. (2000). The humid forests of New Caledonia: biological research and conservation recommendations for the vertebrate fauna of Grande Terre. CSB Conservation Publications, Cambridge, U.K.

Ekstrom, J. M. M.; Jones, J. P. G.; Willis, J.; Tobias, J.; Dutson, G.; Barre, N. (2002). New information on the distribution, status and conservation of terrestrial bird species in Grande Terre, New Caledonia. Emu 102: 197-207.

Forshaw, Joseph M. and Cooper, W. T. (1989). Parrots of the world. Blandford Press, London.

Forshaw, Joseph M. and Knight, Frank. (2017). Vanished and Vanishing Parrots: Profiling Extinct and Endangered Species. Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing.

Greenway, J. C. (1967). Extinct and Vanishing Birds of the World. New York: Dover Publications.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Jaffré, T.; Bouchet, P.; Veillon, J. (1998). Threatened plants of New Caledonia: is the system of protected areas adequate? Biodiversity and Conservation 7(1): 109-135.

Juniper, T. and Parr, M. (1998). Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World. Sussex: Pica Press.

Layard, E. L. and Layard, E. L. C. (1882). Notes on the avifauna of New Caledonia, a catalogue of the birds of the island with remarks by the Rev. Canon Tristram. Ibis 4th Ser. Vol. 6: 493-546.

Martin, Thomas E., Bennett, Gareth C., Fairbairn, Andrew J. and Mooers, A. Ø. (2023). ‘Lost’ taxa and their conservation implications. Animal Conservation 26(1): 14-24. [Appendix S2 (1617 taxa not seen >10 years); Appendix S3 (562 taxa not seen >50 years)]

Sarasin, Fritz. (1913). Die Vogel Neu-Caledoniens und der Loyalty Inseln. Nova Caledonia, Zoologie 1: 1-78.

Sarasin, Fritz and Roux, Jean. (1913). Nova Caledonia 1. Kreidels, Wiesbaden

Stokes, T. (1980). Notes on the landbirds of New Caledonia. Emu 80: 81-86.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.


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