Charmosyna amabilis Ramsay, 1875

Red-throated lorikeet



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Charmosyna aureicincta Layard, 1875


Conservation Status


Last record: 1993 (Martin et al., 2023)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered


This species has not been definitively recorded since 1993. However, more recent sightings have been claimed. Two recent expeditions, in 2001-02 (Swinnerton & Maljkovic, 2002) and 2003, failed to find this species (IUCN, 2010). The possibility therefore exists that the species has recently gone extinct (i.e. within the last 15 or so years). However, as surveys do not yet seem to have been adequate, there exists the possibility that it persists in small remnant patches of forest which have not been surveyed.





Biology & Ecology




45 specimens were collected from 1875 to 1977 (Swinnerton & Maljkovic, 2002, see appendix V)






Original scientific description:

Ramsay, E.P. (1875).  Trichoglossus (Glossopsitta) amabilis nov. sp. (Ramsay).  Sydney Morning Herald, 28 July 1875.


Other references:

BirdLife International. 2016. Charmosyna amabilis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22684693A93042186. Downloaded on 17 December 2016.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Forshaw, Joseph M. and Knight, Frank. (2017). Vanished and Vanishing Parrots: Profiling Extinct and Endangered Species. Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing.

Ghiraldi, Luca and Aimassi, Giorgio. (2019). Extinct and endangered (‘E&E’) birds in the ornithological collection of the Museum of Zoology of Torino University, Italy. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 139(1): 28-45.

Martin, Thomas E., Bennett, Gareth C., Fairbairn, Andrew J. and Mooers, A. Ø. (2023). ‘Lost’ taxa and their conservation implications. Animal Conservation 26(1): 14-24. [Appendix S2 (1617 taxa not seen >10 years); Appendix S3 (562 taxa not seen >50 years)]

Swinnerton, Kirsty and Maljkovic, Aleksandra. (2002a). The Red-throated Lorikeet [i]Charmosyna amabilis[/i] in the Fiji Islands. Unpublished?

Swinnerton, Kirsty and Malijkovic, Aleksandra. (2002b). Red-Throated Lorikeet Charmosyna amabilis in Fiji: elusive or extinct? Eclectus 12: 2-4.

Watling, D. (2000). Conservation status of Fijian birds. Technical Group 2 Report - Fiji Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan.

Worthy, Trevor H. and Clark, Geoffrey. (2009). Bird, mammal and reptile remains, pp. 231-258. In: Clark, Geoffrey and Anderson, Atholl (eds.). The Early Prehistory of Fiji. Canberra: ANU Press.


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