Ara gossei Rothschild, 1905

Jamaican red macaw, Yellow-headed macaw



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

This species is no longer recognised as valid by the IUCN [i]fide[/i] (Wiley & Kirwan, 2013).


Conservation Status

A hypothetical species

Last record: c.1765 (Day, 1981: 74; BirdLife International, 2012)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Rothschild, W. (1905). Notes on extinct parrots from the West Indies. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 16: 13-15.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2000). Threatened Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge.

Clark, A. H. (1905). The Greater Antillean macaws. The Auk 22: 345-348.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Gosse, P. H. (1847). The Birds of Jamaica. London: John van Voorst. [p. 260]

Greenway James C. (1967). Extinct and Vanishing Birds of the World. American Committee for International Wild Life Protection, Special Publication no 13, 2nd edn. Dover Publications, New York.

Rothschild, Lionel Walter. (1907). Extinct birds: an attempt to write in one volume a short account of those birds which have become extinct in historical times, that is within the last six or seven hundred years: to which are added a few which still exist, but are on the verge of extinction. London: Hutchinson & Co. XXIX + 243 pp. [p. 52, pl. 11]

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Wetherbee, David Kenneth. (1985). The Extinct Cuban and Hispaniolan Macaws (Ara, Psittacidae), and description of a new species, Ara cubensis. Caribbean Journal of Science 21: 169-175.

Wiley, James W. and Kirwan, Guy M. (2013). The extinct macaws of the West Indies, with special reference to Cuban Macaw Ara tricolor. The Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 133(2): 125-156. [automatic download]

Williams, Mathew I. and Steadman, David W. (2001). The historic and prehistoric distribution of parrots (Psittacidae) in the West Indies, pp. 175-189. In: Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, Florence E. (eds.). Biogeography of the West Indies: Patterns and Perspectives, 2nd ed. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.


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