Amazona vittata gracilipes Ridgway, 1915:106

Culebra Island amazon, Culebran amazon (proposed), Culebran parrot (proposed), Culebran red-fronted amazon (proposed)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Amazona vittata gracileps Ridgway, 1915:106 (used by Day, 1981:78)


Conservation Status


Last record: 1912 (Benstead et al. 2011; BirdLife International, 2012)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Culebra Island, Puerto Rico


Biology & Ecology




At least 3 specimens exist (Forshaw, 1989).






Original scientific description:

Ridgway, Robert. (1915). [description of Amazona vittata gracilipes]. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 28: 106.


Other references:

Benstead, P., Bird, J., Butchart, S., Calvert, R., Isherwood, I., Symes, A., Temple, H. and Wege, D. (2011). Species Factsheet: [i]Amazona vittata[/i]. BirdLife International, Cambridge.

BirdLife International. (2012). [i]Amazona vittata[/i]. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 16 March 2013.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Ehrlich, Paul R., Dobkin, David S. and Wheye, Darryl. (1992). Birds in Jeopardy: The Imperiled and Extinct Birds of the United States and Canada, Including Hawaii and Puerto Rico. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. 259 pp.

Forshaw, Joseph M. (1989). Parrots of the World. London: Macmillan.

Williams, Mathew I. and Steadman, David W. (2001). The historic and prehistoric distribution of parrots (Psittacidae) in the West Indies, pp. 175-189. In: Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, Florence E. (eds.). Biogeography of the West Indies: Patterns and Perspectives, 2nd ed. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.


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