Stegodon orientalis Owen, 1870

Oriental stegodon (proposed)

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

 

 

Conservation Status

Last record: Holocene

 

Distribution

Asia

 

Biology

 

 

Hypodigm

CBM-PV 814 ("deciduous premolar")

CBM-PV 815 ("deciduous premolar")

 

Media

 

 

References

Duval, Mathieu, Fang, Fang, Suraprasit, Kantapon, Jaeger, Jean-Jacques, Benammi, Mouloud, Chaimanee, Yaowalak, Iglesias
Cibanal, Javier, and Grün, Rainer. (2019). Direct ESR dating of the Pleistocene vertebrate assemblage from Khok Sung locality, Nakhon
Ratchasima Province, Northeast Thailand
. Palaeontologia Electronica 22.3.69 1-25.

Hajime, Taru, Hiroko, Okazaki and Shinji, Isaji. (2005). The Fourth Deciduous Premolar of Stegodon orientalis Owen 1870 (Mammalia: Proboscidea) from the Middle Pleistocene Mandano Formation in Ichihara, Chiba Prefecture, Central Japan. Journal of the Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba 8(2): 1-10. [Abstract]

Konishi, H. and Yoshikawa, S. (1999). Immigration times of the two probocidean species, Stegodon orientalis and Palaeoloxodon naumanni, into the Japanese Islands and the formation of the land bridge. Earth Science 53: 125-134. (In Japanese with English abstract)

Louys, J., Curnoe, D. and Tong, H. (2007). Characteristics of Pleistocene megafauna extinctions in southeast Asia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 243(1-2): 152-173.

Ma, A., Tang, H., 1992. On discovery and significance of a Holocene Ailuropoda-Stegodon fauna from Jinhua, Zhejinag. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 30, 295-312 (in Chinese with English Abstract).

Ma, Jiao et al. (2019). Ecological flexibility and differential survival of Pleistocene Stegodon orientalis and Elephas maximus in mainland southeast Asia revealed by stable isotope (C, O) analysis. Quaternary Science Reviews 212: 33-44. [Abstract]

Raia P., Carotenuto F., Meiri S. 2010 One size does not fit all: no evidence for an optimal body size on islands. Global Ecology and Biogeography 19(4), 475-484.

Saegusa, H. (2001). Comparisons of stegodon and elephantid abundances in the Late Pleistocene of southern China, pp. 345-349. In: Cavarretta, C., Gioia, P., Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (eds.). The World of Elephants – International Congress, Rome. Proceedings of the 1st international congress – Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Rome. [automatic download]

Schepartz, L. A., Stoutamire, S. and Bakken, D. D. (2001). Taphonomy of Stegodon orientalis from Panxian Dadong, a Middle Pleistocene site in Guizhou, South China, pp. 243-246. In: Cavarretta, C., Gioia, P., Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (eds.). The World of Elephants – International Congress, Rome. Proceedings of the 1st international congress – Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Rome. [automatic download]

Shogo, Konishi and Shusaku, Yoshikawa. (1999). Immigration times of the two proboscidean species, Stegodon orientalis and Palaeoloxodon naumanni, into the Japanese Islands and the formation of land bridge. Earth Science 53(2): 125-134. [Abstract]

Suraprasit, Kantapon, Jaeger, Jean-Jacques, Chaimanee, Yaowalak, Chavasseau, Olivier, Yamee, Chotima, Tian, Pannipa and Panha, Somsak. (2016). The Middle Pleistocene vertebrate fauna from Khok Sung (Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand): biochronological and paleobiogeographical implications. ZooKeys 613: 1-157.

Takahashi, K., Chang, C. H. and Cheng, Y. N. (2001). Proboscidean fossils from the Japanese Archipelago and Taiwan Islands and their relationship with the Chinese mainland, pp. 148-151. In: Cavarretta, C., Gioia, P., Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (eds.). The World of Elephants – International Congress, Rome. Proceedings of the 1st international congress – Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Rome. [automatic download]

Takahashi K., Wei G., Uno H., Yoneda M., Jin C., Sun C., Zhang S., Zhong B. 2007 AMS 14C chronology of the world's southernmost woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius Blum.). Quaternary Sci Rev 26(7-8): 954-957.

Taruno, H. (1988). Vertebrate fossils from the Bisan Seto, part 1, Proboscidea etc. In: Kurashiki Museum of Natural History, ed., Vertebrate Fossils from the Sea Bottom of Bisan-Seto, West Japan. Report of Researches on the Yamamoto Collection I, Kurashiki Museum of Natural History, 11-61. Pl. 1-148.

Tong, H. and Liu, J. (2004). The Pleistocene–Holocene extinctions of mammals in China. In: Dong, W. (Ed.), Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Symposium of the Chinese Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. China Ocean Press, Beijing, pp. 111–119 (In Chinese with English abstract).

Tong, H., Patou-Mathis M., 2003. Mammoth and other proboscideans in China during the Late Pleistocene. Deinsea 9, 421-428.

Turvey, Samuel T. et al. (2013). Holocene survival of Late Pleistocene megafauna in China: a critical review of the evidence. Quaternary Science Reviews 76: 156-166. [Abstract]

Feng Xingwu, Gao Xing, Jin Changzhu, Xu Chunhua. (2005). Some Stegodon orientalis fossils discovered in the second terrace of the three gorges,Yangtze River. Acta Anthropologica Sinica 24(4): 283-290. [Abstract]

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/21571/stegodon-orientalis

 

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