Palaeoloxodon mnaidriensis (Adams, 1874)

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

 

 

Conservation Status

Last record: Late Pleistocene

 

Distribution

Malta & Sicily

 

The taxonomic assignation of P. mnaidriensis material from Sicily is disputed, and may belong to an undescribed species (Baleka et al., In Press).

 

Biology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Adams, A. L. (1874). On the dentition and osteology of the Maltese fossil elephant, being a description of the remains discovered by the author in Malta between the years 1860 and 1866. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 9(1): 1-124, plates I-XXII.

 

Other references:

Baleka, Sina et al. (2021). Estimating the dwarfing rate of an extinct Sicilian elephant. Current Biology https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2021.05.037

Bonfiglio, Laura, Mangano, Gabriella, Marra, Antonella Cinzia and Masini, Federico. (2001). A new late Pleistocene vertebrate faunal complex from Sicily (S. Tedoro Cave, North-Eastern Sicily, Italy). Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana 40(2): 149-158.

Chilardi, S. (2001). Large-sized and middle-sized elephants from the Pleistocene of Sicily: the case of Contrada Fusco (Siracusa, Southeastern Sicily), pp. 476-478. In: Cavarretta, C., Gioia, P., Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (eds.). The World of Elephants – International Congress, Rome. Proceedings of the 1st international congress – Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Rome. [automatic download]

Ferretti, M. P. (2008). The dwarf elephant Palaeoloxodon mnaidriensis from Puntali Cave, Carini (Sicily; late Middle Pleistocene): Anatomy, systematics and phylogenetic relationships. Quaternary International 182(1): 90-108.

Greco, M. (2001). The Elephants at the Leonardo Da Vinci Institute in Rome, pp. 53-56. In: Cavarretta, C., Gioia, P., Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (eds.). The World of Elephants – International Congress, Rome. Proceedings of the 1st international congress – Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Rome. [automatic download]

Insacco, Gianni, Marra, Antonella C. and Masini, Federico. (1997). Large and small mammals, amphibians and reptiles from a new late Pleistocene fissure filling deposit of the Hyblean Plateau (South Eastern Sicily). Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana 36(1-2): 97-122.

Joger, U. and Garrido, G. (2001). Phylogenetic position of Elephas, Loxodonta and Mammuthus, based on molecular evidence, pp. 544-547. In: Cavarretta, C., Gioia, P., Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (eds.). The World of Elephants – International Congress, Rome. Proceedings of the 1st international congress – Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Rome. [automatic download]

Mangano, Gabriella and Bonfiglio, Laura. (2012). First finding of a partially articulated elephant skeleton from a Late Pleistocene hyena den in Sicily (San Teodoro Cave, North Eastern Sicily, Italy). Quaternary International 276-277: 53-60. [Abstract]

M. R. Palombo. 2005. Biochronology of the Plio-Pleistocene Terrestrial mammals of Sardinia: The state of the art. Hellenic Journal of Geosciences 41: 47-66.

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/21615/palaeoloxodon-mnaidriensis

 

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