Loxodonta africana pharaohensis Deraniyagala, 1948

Northern elephant, North African forest elephant, Carthaginian elephant, Atlas elephant

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Loxodonta africana pharaoensis [sic] Deraniyagala, 1948

 

Conservation Status

Last Record: Holocene

 

Distribution

Eritrea & Sudan

 

Biology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Charles, Michael B. (2016). Elephant Size in Antiquity: DNA Evidence and the Battle of Raphia. Historia 65(1): 53-65. [Abstract]

Khalaf, Norman Ali Bassam. (2020a). A Historical Record of the Extinct Carthaginian Elephant (Loxodonta africana pharaohensis Deraniyagala, 1948) from Tell Rafah, South of Gaza Strip, State of Palestine. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin 40(209): 1-30.

Nowak, Ronald M. (1999), Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th edition, Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, pp 1002.

Rance, P. (2009). "Hannibal, Elephants and Turrets in Suda Θ 438 [Polybius Fr. 162B] – An Unidentified Fragment of Diodorus". Classical Quarterly 59(1): 91-111.

Scullard, H. H. (1953). "Ennius, Cato, and Surus". The Classical Review 3(3/4): 140-142.

Wilson, D. E. and Reeder, D. M. (2005). Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.

Yalden, D. W., Largen, M. J. and Kock, D. (1986). Catalogue of the Mammals of Ethiopia. 6. Perissodactyla, Proboscidea, Hyracoidea, Lagomorpha, Tubulidentata, Sirenia, and Cetacea, Italian J. Zool., Suppl., n.s., 21: 31-103.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_African_elephant

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/7670/loxodonta-pharaoensis-north-african-elephant

 

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