Dinotherium australe Owen, 1843a
Taxonomy & Nomenclature
A synonym of Diprotodon optatum Owen, 1838.
The famous Victorian-era anatomist Richard Owen erroneously described a species of Australian pachyderm1 (viz. mastodon) based upon fossils of Diprotodon.
1 An historical taxonomic rank now known to be paraphyletic (consisting of elephants, rhinos, hippos etc.). Although the term Pachyderm has been retained as the title of the journal of the African Elephant, African Rhino and Asian Rhino Specialist Groups (viz. IUCN).
Biology & Ecology
Original scientific description:
Owen, Richard. (1843a). On the discovery of the remains of a mastodontoid pachyderm in Australia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 11: 7-12.
De La Beche, Henry T. (1832). A Geological Manual. Philadelphia: Carey & Lea. [p. 509]
Owen, Richard. (1843b). Additional evidence proving the Australian Pachyderm described in a former number of the ‘Annals’ to be a Dinotherium with remarks on the nature and affinities of that genus. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History 71: 329-332.
Owen, Richard. (1844). Description of a fossil molar tooth of a Mastodon discovered by Count Strzlecki in Australia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 14: 268-271.
Owen, Richard. (1846a). Mastodontoid pachyderm of Australia. The Tasmanian journal of natural science, agriculture, statistics, &c. 2(7): 151-154.
Owen, Richard. (1846b). Description of a fossil molar tooth of a Mastodon: Discovered by Count Strzlecki in Australia. The Tasmanian journal of natural science, agriculture, statistics, &c. 2(11): 451-455. [pages: 451-452, 453-455]