Mammuthus trogontherii chosaricus Dubrovo, 1966

Khozarian steppe mammoth



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Mammuthus trogonterii chosaricus (orth. error used by (Ridush et al., 2020))


Conservation Status

Extinct or invalid

Last record: Late Pleistocene (~42 270 BP (Kuzmin & Shpansky, 2022) or later)





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Dubrovo, I. A. (1966). [Systematical position of the elephant of Khozar faunistic complex]. Byulleten’ komissii po izucheniyu chetvertichnogo perioda 32: 63-74. [in Russian].


Other references:

Ridush, Bogdan et al. (In Press, 2020). Quaternary megafauna from the Dnieper alluvium near Kaniv (central Ukraine): Implications for biostratigraphy. Quaternary International. doi: [Abstract]

Shpansky, Andrei V. and Kuzmin, Yaroslav V. (2021). Chronology of the MIS 3 megafauna in southeastern West Siberia and the possibility of late survival of the Khozarian steppe mammoth. Radiocarbon. DOI: [Abstract]

Shpansky, Andrei V., Sapunova, L. S. and Pilyukova, A. V. (2015). A traumatic case in Mammuthus trogontherii chosaricus Dubrovo (1966). Quaternary International 379: 82-88. [Abstract]

Titov, Vadim V. and Golovachev, Mikhail V. (2017). The skeleton of mammoth Mammuthus trogontherii cf. chosaricus Dubrovo, 1966 from terminal Middle Pleistocene of the Lower Volga region (Russia). Russian J. Theriol. 16(1): 15-29.

Kuzmin, Yaroslav V. and Shpansky, Andrei V. (2022). The Late Pleistocene megafauna of the Chulym River basin, southeastern West Siberian Plain: chronology and stable isotope composition. Journal of Quaternary Science.


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