Mammuthus columbi Falconer, 1857

Columbian mammoth



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Elephas columbia Falconer, 1857; Elephas columbi Falconer, 1857; Parelephas columbi Falconer, 1857; Mammuthus meridionalis nebrascensis Osborn, 1932; Archidiskodon meridionalis nebrascensis Osborn, 1932; Mammuthus hayi Barbour 1915; Archidiskodon hayi Barbour, 1915; Elephas haroldcooki Hay, 1928; Mammuthus haroldcooki Hay, 1928; Elephas scotti Barbour, 1925; Mammuthus imperator Leidy, 1858; Mammuthus jeffersonii Osborn, 1922


Conservation Status


Last record: 10,710 ± 130 BP (Fiedel, 2009)



The Americas


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

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Stock, C. and Harris, J. M. (1992). Rancho la Brea: A record of Pleistocene life in California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series no. 37, 7th ed.:i-xiv + 1-113.

Tegowski, B. J., and R. S. White. 2000. Proboscidean fossils from the San Simon River Valley, Graham and Cochise counties, Arizona. Pp. 101-111, in Southwest Paleontological Symposium-Proceedings (McCord, R. D., and Boaz, D., eds. ). Mesa Southwest Museum Bulletin no. 7.

Tomas-Mosso, Azarael, Castañeda-Posadas, Carlos, Cruz, J. Alberto and Alarcón-Durán, Iván. (2024). Pleistocene record of mammals and pollen from Mexico (Las Tazas, Valsequillo, Puebla) and their paleoenvironmental interpretation. Palaeontologia Electronica 27(1): a15.

Tomcho, Atticus; Dickens, Mary; Mead, Alfred J.; Mead, Heidi F.; Seminack, Christopher; and Patterson, David B. (2023). LATE PLEISTOCENE ECOSYSTEM EVOLUTION IN SOUTHEASTERN NORTH AMERICA: A TRANSDISCIPLINARY APPROACH USING FOSSIL AMERICAN ALLIGATOR ENAMEL ISOTOPES. Georgia Journal of Science 81(1): 83. [Abstract]

S. D. Webb and J. P. Dudley. 1995. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 37(20)

Wiest, Logan A., Esker, Don and Driese, Steven G. (2016). The Waco mammoth national moument may represent a diminished watering-hole scenario based on preliminary evidence of post-mortem scavenging. PALAIOS 31(12): 592-606. [Abstract]

Wilson, Richard Leland. (1967). The Pleistocene vertebrates of Michigan. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 52: 197-234.

*Volume 5, Number 3? Volume 3 (Number?)?


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