Haplomastodon chimborazi Proaño, 1922



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct if valid

Last record: Late Pleistocene



South America


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Proaño, J. F. (1922). La Virgen del Dios Chimborazo, Tradiciones Puruhaes. Imprenta “El Observador”, Riobamba, Ecuador. 23 pp.

Other references:

Ferretti, Marco P. (2010). Anatomy of Haplomastodon chimborazi (Mammalia, Proboscidea) from the late Pleistocene of Ecuador and its bearing on the phylogeny and systematics of South American gomphotheres. Geodiversitas 32(4): 663-721. [Abstract]

Ficcarelli, G., Coltorti, M., Moreno-Espinosa, M., Pieruccini, P. L., Rook, L. and Torre, D. (2003). A model for the Holocene extinction of the mammal megafauna in Ecuador. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 15: 835-845.

Mothé, Dimila et al. (2012). Taxonomic revision of the Quaternary gomphotheres (Mammalia: Proboscidea: Gomphotheriidae) from the South American lowlands. Quaternary International 276-277: 2-7. [Abstract]

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). In the shadow of the megafauna: prehistoric mammal and bird extinctions across the Holocene, pp. 17-39. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. New York: Oxford University Press.


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