Elephas hysudricus Falconer & Cautley, 1845



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: pre-Late Pleistocene?



India and the Levant


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Falconer, Hugh and Cautley, P. T. (1845-1849). Fauna antiqua sivalensis, being the fossil zoology of the Sewalik Hills, in the north of India. – 1845: Part I., 1846: Part II., 1847: Part III-VIII., 1849: Part IX., Smith Elder and Co., London. 

Other references:

Abbas, Sayyed Ghyour et al. (2019). New remains of Elephantidae from the Upper Siwalik subgroup (Plio-Pleistocene) of Pakistan. Quaternary Science Reviews 224: 105967. [Abstract]

Joshi, R. V. et al. (1978). Fresh data on the Quaternary animal fossils and Stone Age cultures from the Central Narmada Valley, India. Asian Perspectives 21(2): 164-181.

Lister, Adrian M. et al. (2013). New fossil remains of Elephas from the southern Levant: Implications for the evolutionary history of the Asian elephant. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 386: 119-130.

Patnaik, Rajeev et al. (2019). Dietary and habitat shifts in relation to climate of Neogene-Quaternary proboscideans and associated mammals of the Indian subcontinent. Quaternary Science Reviews 224: 105968. [Abstract]

Supekar, S. G. (1985). Some observations on the Quaternary stratigraphy of the Central Narmada Valley, pp. 19-27. In: Misra, V. N. and Bellwood, P. (eds.). Recent Advances in Indo-Pacific Prehistory. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.


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