Tarsius pumilus Miller & Hollister, 1921

Pygmy tarsier, Mountain tarsier



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1921 (1930?)

Rediscovered in 2000

IUCN RedList status: Data Deficient



Sulawesi, Indonesia












Original scientific description:

Miller, G. and Hollister, N. (1921). Twenty new mammals collected by H. C. Raven in Celebes. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 34: 93-104.


Other references:

Anonymous. (2009a). A rare sight. Scholastic News 77(11): 3. [Abstract]

Anonymous. (2009b). Furry find. Weekly Reader News 78(16): 2. [Abstract]

Colin Groves, Myron Shekelle. (2010) The Genera and Species of Tarsiidae. International Journal of Primatology 31, 1071-1082. [relevant citation?]

Fisher, Diana O. (2011). Trajectories from extinction: where are missing mammals rediscovered? Global Ecology & Biogeography 20: 415-425. [Appendix S1]

Nanda Grow, Sharon Gursky-Doyen. (2010). Preliminary Data on the Behavior, Ecology, and Morphology of Pygmy Tarsiers (Tarsius pumilus). International Journal of Primatology 31: 1174-1191.

Nanda Grow, Sharon Gursky, Yulius Duma. (2013). Altitude and Forest Edges Influence the Density and Distribution of Pygmy Tarsiers (Tarsius pumilus). American Journal of Primatology 75: 464-477.

Maryanto, I. and Yani, M. (2004). The third record of Pygmy Tarsier (Tarsius pumilus) from Lore Lindu National Park, Centrl Sulawesi, Indonesia. Tropical Biodiversity 8(2): 79-85.

Musser, G. G. and Dagosto M. (1987). The identity of Tarsius pumilus, a pygmy species endemic to the montane mossy forests of central Sulawesi. American Museum Novitates 2867: 1-53. [WARNING: 22MB file]

Scheffers, Brett R., Yong, Ding Li, Harris, J. Berton C., Giam, Xingli and Sodhi, Navjot S. (2011). The world’s rediscovered species: back from the brink? PLoS ONE 6(7): e22531. [Supporting Information (Table S1)]

Shekelle, Myron. (2008). The History and Mystery of the Mountain Tarsier, Tarsius pumilus. Primate Conservation 23: 121-124.

Shekelle, M., Leksono, S. M., Ichwan, L. L. S., and Masala, Y. (1997). The natural history of the tarsiers of North and Central Sulawesi. Sulawesi Primate Newsletter 4(2): 4-11.

Shekelle, Myron and Salim, A. (2008). Tarsius pumilus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. ( Downloaded on 13 December 2013.

Wright, P. C. 2003. Are tarsiers silently leaping into extinction? In: Tarsiers: Past, Present, and Future, P. C. Wright, E. L. Simons and S. Gursky (eds.), pp. 296-308. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick.


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