Protopithecus brasiliensis Lund, 1838

Brazilian monkey



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene/Holocene









UZM 82 (left proximal femur)

UZM 3530 (right distal humerus)






Auler A.S., Piló L.B., Smart P.L., Wang X., Hoffmann D., Richards D.A., Edwards R.L., Neves W.A., Cheng H. (2006). U-series dating and taphonomy of Quaternary vertebrates from Brazilian caves. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 240(3-4): 508-522.

Cartelle C., Hartwig W.C. 1996 A new extinct primate among the Pleistocene megafauna of Bahia, Brazil. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 93(13), 6405-6409.

Groves, C. 2001 Primate taxonomy. Washington, D.C. and London: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Hartwig, W.C. & Cartelle, C. 1996 A complete skeleton of the giant South American primate Protopithecus. Nature 381, 307-311.

The Primate Fossil Record, By Walter Carl Hartwig

Primate Adaptation and Evolution, By John G. Fleagle

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]


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