Pongo sp. [several taxa represented]



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene



China to Java


Biology & Ecology










Bacon, Ann-Marie and Long, Vu The. (2016). The first discovery of a complete skeleton of a fossil orang-utan in a cave of the Hoa Binh Province, Vietnam. Journal of Human Evolution 41: 227-241.

Filoux, Arnaud and Wattanapituksakul, Athiwat. (In Press, 2019). The Late Pleistocene Orangutan from Tham Prakai Phet: New discoveries L’orang-outan du Pléistocène supérieur de Tham Prakai Phet : nouvelles découvertes. Annales de Paléontologie. doi: [Abstract]

T. Harrison et al. (2021). Evolutionary trend in dental size in fossil orangutans from the Pleistocene of Chongzuo, Guangxi, southern China. J. Hum. Evol.

Kahlke, H. D. (1972). A Review of the Pleistocene History of the Orang-Utan (Pongo Lacépède 1799). Asian Perspectives 15(1): 5-14.

Liao, Wei et al. (2022). Evidence for the latest fossil Pongo in southern China. Journal of Human Evolution 170: 103233.

Lopatin, A. V. et al. (2021). Pleistocene Mammals from the Lang Trang Cave (Vietnam): New Data. Doklady Biological Sciences 496: 1-4. [Abstract]

Westaway, K.E., M.J. Morwood, R.G. Roberts, A.D. Rokus, J.X. Zhao, P. Storm, F. Aziz, G. van den Bergh, P. Hadi, Jatmiko and J. de Vos 2007. Age and biostratigraphic significance of the Punung Rainforest Fauna, East Java, Indonesia and implications for Pongo and Homo. Journal of Human Evolution 53: 709-717. [relevant citation?]


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