Palaeopropithecus ingens G. Grandidier, 1899

Large sloth lemur



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1620 (Godfrey, 2021); 510 ± 80 14C age BP ± SD (Michielsen et al., 2023)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct





Biology & Ecology










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Godfrey, L. (2021). Palaeopropithecus ingens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T136532A17971784. Accessed on 14 June 2022.

Godfrey, L.R. and Jungers, W.L. 2003. The extinct sloth lemurs of Madagascar. Evolutionary Anthropology 12: 252-263.

Godfrey, L.R., Scroxton, N., Crowley, B.E., Burns, S.J., Sutherland, M.R., Pérez, V.R., Faina, P., McGee, D. and Ranivoharimanana, L. 2019. A new interpretation of Madagascar’s megafaunal decline: the “Subsistence Shift Hypothesis.”. Journal of Human Evolution 130: 126-140.

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Jungers, W.L., Demes, B. & Godfrey, L.R. 2008 How big were the "giant" extinct lemurs of Madagascar? In Elwyn Simons: a search for origins (ed. J.G. Fleagle & C.C. Gilbert), pp. 343-360. New York: Springer.

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Michielsen, Nathan M., Goodman, Steven M., Soarimalala, Voahangy, van der Geer, Alexandra A. E., Dávalos, Liliana M., Saville, Grace I., Upham, Nathan and Valente, Luis. (2023). The macroevolutionary impact of recent and imminent mammal extinctions on Madagascar. Nature Communications 14: 14. [Supplementary Data 1 (mammal list); Supplementary Data 6 (references)]

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