Megaladapis edwardsi Grandidier, 1899

Edward's koala lemur



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene









FMG 125






Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.

Burney DA, Burney LP, Godfrey LR, Jungers WL, Goodman SM, Wright HT, and Jull AJT (2004) A chronology for late prehistoric Madagascar. Journal of Human Evolution 47, 25–63.

Crowley, Brooke Erin, Godfrey, Laurie Rohde and Samonds, Karen Elizabeth. (2023). What can hippopotamus isotopes tell us about past distributions of C4 grassy biomes on Madagascar? Plants, People, Planet.

Godfrey, L.R., W. L. Jungers and G.T. Schwartz. (2006). Ecology and extinction of Madagascar’s subfossil lemurs. Pp. 41-64 in: Gould, L. and M. Sauther, eds., Lemurs: Ecology and Adaptation. Springer, New York.

Goodman, Steven M. et al. (2013). Bird fossils from Ankilitelo Cave: Inference about Holocene environmental changes in Southwestern Madagascar. Zootaxa 3750(5): 534-548.

Joseph, Grant S. and Seymour, Colleen L. (2022). Are Madagascar's obligate grazing-lawns ancient and evolved with endemic herbivores, or recently selected by introduced cattle? Biology Letters 18: 20220212.

Karanth, K.P., Delefosse, T., Rakotosamimanana, B., Parsons, T.J. & Yoder, A.D. (2005). Ancient DNA from giant extinct lemurs confirms single origin of Malagasy primates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 102, 5090-5095.

Lorenz von Liburnau, L. R. (1905). Megaladapis edwardsi G. Grandidier: Denkschrift der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien 77: 451-490.

MacPhee RDE and Flemming C (1999) Requiem æternam: the last 5 ve hundred years of mammalian species extinctions. In MacPhee RDE, ed., Extinctions in Near Time: Causes, Contexts, and Consequences, pp. 333–371. Kluwer Academic/Plenum, New York.

Meador, Lindsay Renee. (2017). Who Ate the Subfossil Lemurs? A Taphonomic and Community Study of Raptor, Crocodylian and Carnivoran Predation of the Extinct Quaternary Lemurs of Madagascar. Dissertation. xvii + 388 pp.

Mitchell, Kieren J. (2021). Ancient DNA from the koala lemur puts Madagascar on the paleogenomic map. PNAS 118(30): e2110218118.

Montagnon D, Ravaoarimanana B, Rakotosamimanana B, Rumpler Y. (2001). Ancient DNA from Megaladapis edwardsi (Malagasy subfossil): preliminary results using partial cytochrome b sequence. Folia Primatol 72(1): 30-32.

Muldoon, Kathleen M. et al. (2012). Early Holocene fauna from a new subfossil site: A first assessment from Christmas River, south central Madagascar. Madagascar Conservation & Development 7(1): 23-29.

Orlando, L., Calvignac, S., Schnebelen, C., Douady, C.J., Godfrey, L.R. & Hänni, C. 2008 DNA from extinct giant lemurs links archaeolemurids to extant indriids. BMC Evolutionary Biology 8, 121.

Rafferty, K. L., Teaford, M. F. and Jungers, W. L. (2002). Molar microwear of subfossil lemurs: improving the resolution of dietary inferences. Journal of Human Evolution 43: 645-657.

Rosenberger, Alfred L. et al. (In Press, 2015). Giant subfossil lemur graveyard discovered, submerged, in Madagascar. Journal of Human Evolution.

Tattersall, I. (1973). A note on the age of the subfossil site of Ampasambazimba, Miarinarivo Province, Malagasy Republic. American Museum Novitates 2520: 1-6.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009a). In the shadow of the megafauna: prehistoric mammal and bird extinctions across the Holocene, pp. 17-39. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. New York: Oxford University Press.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009b). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Zapfe, H. (1963). Lebensbild von Megaladapis edwardsi (Grandidier): Ein Rekonstruktionsversuch. Folia primatol. 1: 178-187.


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