Homo sp. nov. 'Denisovans'




Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Homo sp. Altai (source); Homo sapiens ssp. Denisova (source); Homo denisovan; Homo sapiens denisovan; Homo altai; Homo altaensis (used by Agadjanian & Shunkov, 2018); Homo denisensis (used by Agadjanian & Shunkov, 2018)


Conservation Status


Last record: c. 39,000 BC?















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Browning, Sharon R. et al. (In Press, 2018). Analysis of Human Sequence Data Reveals Two Pulses of Archaic Denisovan Admixture. Cell.

Fahu Chen, Frido Welker, Chuan-Chou Shen, Shara E. Bailey, Inga Bergmann, Simon Davis, Huan Xia, Hui Wang, Roman Fischer, Sarah E. Freidline, Tsai-Luen Yu, Matthew M. Skinner, Stefanie Stelzer, Guangrong Dong, Qiaomei Fu, Guanghui Dong, Jian Wang, Dongju Zhang & Jean-Jacques Hublin. A late Middle Pleistocene Denisovan mandible from the Tibetan Plateau. Nature, 2019 DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1139-x [Abstract]

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Demeter, Fabrice et al. (2022). A Middle Pleistocene Denisovan molar from the Annamite Chain of northern Laos. Nature Communications 13: 2557.

Di Vincenzo, Fabio and Manzi, Giorgio. (2023). Homo heidelbergensis as the Middle Pleistocene common ancestor of Denisovans, Neanderthals and modern humans. Journal of Mediterranean Earth Sciences. doi:10.13133/2280-6148/18074

Gibbons, Ann. (2012). Ancient DNA. A crystal-clear view of an extinct girl’s genome. Science 337(6098): 1028-1029.

Gibbons, Ann. (2017). Ancient skulls may belong to elusive humans called Denisovans. Science 355(6328): 899.

Gibbons, Ann. (2019a). Moderns said to mate with late-surviving Denisovans. Science 364(6435): 12-13. [Summary]

Gibbons, Ann. (2019b). Ancient jaw gives elusive Denisovans a face. Science 364(6439): 418-419. [Summary]

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Gunbin, Konstantin V. et al. (2015). The evolution of Homo sapiens denisova and Homo sapiens neanderthalensis miRNA targeting genes in the prenatal and postnatal brain. BMC Genomics 2015 16(Suppl 13): S4.

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Meyer, M., Kircher, M., Gansauge, M. T., Li, H. et al. (2012) A high-coverage genome sequence from an archaic Denisovan individual. Science 338(6104): 222-226.

Neubauer, Fernanda. (2014). A Brief Overview of the Last 10 Years of Major Late Pleistocene Discoveries in the Old World: Homo floresiensis, Neanderthal, and Denisovan. Journal of Anthropology 2014(581689): 1-7.

Oikkonen, Venla. (2019). Entanglements of Time, Temperature, Technology, and Place in Ancient DNA Research: The Case of the Denisovan Hominin. Science, Technology, & Human Values. DOI: 10.1177/0162243919879991

Pennisi, E. (2013). More genomes from Denisova Cave show mixing of early human groups. Science 340(6134): 799. [Abstract]

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Ruan, Jiaoyang et al. (2023). Climate shifts orchestrated hominin interbreeding events across Eurasia. Science 381(6658): add4459.

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Slon, Viviane et al. (2017a). A fourth Denisovan individual. Sci. Adv. 3, e1700186.

Slon, Viviane et al. (2017b). Neandertal and Denisovan DNA from Pleistocene sediments. Science. DOI: 10.1126/science.aam9695

Slon, Viviane et al. (2018). The genome of the offspring of a Neanderthal mother and a Denisovan father. Nature 561: 113-116. [Abstract]

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Teixeira, João C. et al. (2021). Widespread Denisovan ancestry in Island Southeast Asia but no evidence of substantial super-archaic hominin admixture. Nature Ecology & Evolution 5: 616-624.

Tikhonov, D. G., Zakharova, A. E. and Neustroeva, T. S. (2018). Does Yakut folklore contain information on Neanderthals and Denisovans? Istoricheskaya etnologiya – Historical Ethnology 3(1): 14-28.

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Vernot, B., S. Tucci, J. Kelso, J.G. Schraiber, A.B. Wolf, R.M. Gittelman, M. Dannemann, S. Grote, R.C. McCoy, H. Norton, L.B. Scheinfeldt, D.A. Merriwether, G. Koki, J.S. Friedlaender, J. Wakefield, S. Pääbo and J.M. Akey. 2016. Excavating Neandertal and Denisovan DNA from the genomes of Melanesian individuals. Science DOI: 10.1126/science.aad9416

Vicedomini, R., Polit, L., Condemi, S., Longo, L. and Carbone, A. (2021). Dietary adaptation in Neandertal, Denisovan and Sapiens revealed by gene copy number variation. bioRxiv preprint.

Vogel, Gretchen. (2018). Ancient DNA reveals tryst between extinct human species. Science 361(6404): 737. [Abstract]

Waddell, P. J., J. Ramos, and X. Tan. (2011). Homo denisova, Correspondence Spectral Analysis, Finite Sites Reticulate Hierarchical Coalescent Models and the Ron Jeremy Hypothesis. arXiv (Quantitative Biology) 1112.6424, pp 1-43.

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Zavala, Elena I. et al. (2021). Pleistocene sediment DNA reveals hominin and faunal turnovers at Denisova Cave. Nature.


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