Daubentonia robusta Lamberton, 1935

Giant aye-aye



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Chiromys robustus Lamberton, 1935


Conservation Status


Last record: 1065 ± 40 14C age BP ± SD (Michielsen et al., 2023)









UA 3890 (Meador, 2017:39)

UA 3891 (Meador, 2017:39)






Original scientific description:

Lamberton, C. (1934). Contribution a la connaissance de la faune subfossole de Madagascar. Lemuriens et Ratites. [i]Chiromys robustus[/i] sp. nov. Lamb. Memories de l'Academie Malgache 17: 40-46.


Other references:

Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.

Burney DA, Burney LP, Godfrey LR, Jungers WL, Goodman SM, Wright HT, and Jull AJT (2004) A chronology for late prehistoric Madagascar. Journal of Human Evolution 47, 25–63.

Crowley, B. E. A refined chronology of prehistoric Madagascar and the demise of the megafauna. Quat. Sci. Rev. 29, 2591–2603 (2010).

Goodman, S. M. & Jungers, W. L. Extinct Madagascar: Picturing the island’s past. (University of Chicago Press, 2014).

Herrera, J. P. & Dávalos, L. M. Phylogeny and divergence times of lemurs inferred with recent and ancient fossils in the tree. Syst. Biol. 65, 772–91 (2016).

Jungers, W. L., Demes, B. and Godfrey, L. R. (2008). How big were the "giant" extinct lemurs of Madagascar?, pp. 343-360. In: Fleagle, J. G. and Gilbert, C. C. (eds.). Elwyn Simons: A Search for Origins. New York: Springer.

Karanth, K.P., Delefosse, T., Rakotosamimanana, B., Parsons, T.J. & Yoder, A.D. 2005 Ancient DNA from giant extinct lemurs confirms single origin of Malagasy primates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 102, 5090-5095.

Kouvari, M. & van der Geer, A. A. E. Biogeography of extinction: The demise of insular mammals from the Late Pleistocene till today. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 505, 295–304 (2018).

Meador, Lindsay Renee. (2017). Who Ate the Subfossil Lemurs? A Taphonomic and Community Study of Raptor, Crocodylian and Carnivoran Predation of the Extinct Quaternary Lemurs of Madagascar. Dissertation. xvii + 388 pp.

Michielsen, Nathan M., Goodman, Steven M., Soarimalala, Voahangy, van der Geer, Alexandra A. E., Dávalos, Liliana M., Saville, Grace I., Upham, Nathan and Valente, Luis. (2023). The macroevolutionary impact of recent and imminent mammal extinctions on Madagascar. Nature Communications 14: 14. [Supplementary Data 1 (mammal list); Supplementary Data 6 (references)]

Mittermeier, R. A. et al. Lémuriens de Madagascar. (Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 2014).

Quinn, A. & Wilson, D. E. Daubentonia madagascariensis. Mamm. Species 740, 1–6 (2004).

Simons, Elwyn L. (1994). The giant aye-aye Daubentonia robusta. Folia Pimaol (Basel) 52(1-3): 14-21. [Abstract]

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]


<< Back to the Primates database