Daubentonia madagascariensis (Gmelin, 1788)




Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Sciurus madagascariensis Gmelin, 1788


Conservation Status

Rediscovered in 1957

IUCN RedList status: Endangered















Original scientific description:

Gmelin, J. F. (1788). Caroli a Linné, Systema naturae per regna tria naturae secundum classes, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I, part I. Lipsiae: Impensis Georg. Emmanuel Beer.


Other references:

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Andriamisedra, R., Aylward, M., Johnson, S. E., Louis, E. E., & Raharivololona, B. M. (2015). Détermination de quelques aspects de l’écologie de Daubentonia madagascariensis (Gmelin, 1788) dans deux forêts... Lemur News, 19.

Anonymous. (1964). A preliminary list of rare mammals including those believed to be rare but concerning which detailed information is still lacking. IUCN Bulletin 11(Special Supplement): 4 pp.

Aylward, Megan L. et al. (2018a). A novel environmental DNA (eDNA) sampling method for aye-ayes from their feeding traces. bioRxiv Preprint.

Aylward, Megan L. et al. (2018b). An environmental DNA sampling method for aye-ayes from their feeding traces. Ecology and Evolution. doi: 10.1002/ece3.4341

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Iwano, T. and Iwakawa, C. 1988. Feeding behavior of the aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis) on nuts of ramy (Canarium madagascariensis). Folia Primatologica 50: 136-142.

Joslin, Paul and Maryanka, Daphne. (1968). Endangered Mammals of the World: Report on Status and Action Treatment. IUCN Publications, New Series, Supplementary Paper No. 13: 34 pp.

Mittermeier, R., Louis, E., Hawkins, F., Langrand, O., Ganzhorn, J., Konstant, W., Rasoloarison, R., Rajaobelina, S. and Richardson, M. 2008. Lemurs of Madagascar, 3rd edition. Conservation International.

Nomenjanahary, E. S., Freed, B. Z., Dollar, L. J., Randrianasy, J. and Godfrey, L. R. (2021). The stories people tell, and how they can contribute to our understanding of megafaunal decline and extinction in Madagascar. eds. K. Douglass, L. R. Godfrey & D. A. Burney. Malagasy Nature, 15: 159-179.

Perry, G. H., Reeves, D., Melsted, P., Ratan, A., Miller, W., Michelini, K., … Gilad, Y. (2012). A genome sequence resource for the aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis), a nocturnal lemur from Madagascar. Genome Biology and Evolution 4(2): 126-135.

Petter, J.-J. and Peyrieras, A. 1970. Nouvelle contibution a l'étude d'un lémurien malagache, le aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis E. Geoffroy). Mammalia 34: 167-193.

Randimbiharinirina, D. R., Raharivololona, B. M., Hawkins, M. T. R., Frasier, C. L., Culligan, R., Sefczek, T., … Louis, E. E. (2017). Behavior and Ecology of male aye ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis)in the Kianjavato Classified Forest, southeastern Madagascar. Folia Primatologica, Manuscript.

Randimbiharinirina, D., Sefczek, T., Raharivololona, B. M., Andriamalala, Y., Ratsimbazafy, Jonah, & Louis, E. E. (2017). Aye-Aye Daubentonia madagascariensis (Gmelin, 1788) Madagascar (2016). In C. Schwitzer, R. A. Mittermeier, Rylands, Anthony B., F. chiozza, E. Williamson, E. Macfie, … A. Cotton (Eds.), Primates in Peril The world’s 25 most endangered primates 2016-2018.

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Sterling, E.J. 1993. Patterns of range use and social organization in aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis) on Nosy Mangabe. In: Kappeler, P.M. and Ganzhorn, J.U. (eds), Lemur Social Systems and their Ecological Basis, pp. 1-10. Plenum Press, New York.

Sterling, E. J. (1994a). Aye-aye: Specialists on Structurally Defended Resources. Folia Primatologica, 62, 142–154.

Sterling, E. J. (1994b). Taxonomy and Distribution of Daubentonia madagascariensis: A Historical Perspective. Folia Primatologica, 62, 8–13.

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Sterling, E. J. and Richard, A. F. 1995. Social organization in the aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis) and the perceived distinctiveness of nocturnal primates. In: L. Alterman, G. A. Doyle and M. K. Izard (eds), Creatures of the Dark: The Nocturnal Prosimians, pp. 439-451. Plenum Press, New York, USA.

Watts, David Quentin. (2020). Vocalizations of Aye-Ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis) Made in the Presence of a Novel Object or Human. MSc thesis, North Carolina State University.


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