Antillothrix bernensis (Rimoli, 1977:8)

Hispaniolan monkey



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Saimiri bernensis Rimoli, 1977:8 (original combination)


Conservation Status


Last record: c. 1850 BC



Dominican Republic, Hispaniola






Type locality: "entrance of Cueva de Berna, near Boca de Yuma (prov. La Altigracia, Dominican Republic)"


USNMM 254682






Original scientific description:

Rimoli, R. (1977). Una nueva especie de monos (Cebidae: Saimirinae: Saimiri) de la Hispaniola. Cuad. de CENDIA, Univ. Aut. Santo Domingo 242: 5-14.


Other references:

Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.

Beck, Robin M. D. et al. (2023). Total evidence phylogeny of platyrrhine primates and a comparison of undated and tip-dating approaches. Journal of Human Evolution 174: 103293.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Cooke, Siobhán B., Dávalos, Liliana M., Mychajliw, Alexis M. Turvey, Samuel T. and Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Anthropogenic Extinction Dominates Holocene Declines of West Indian Mammals. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 48: 301-327.

Cooke, S. B., Rosenberger, A. L. and Turvey, Samuel. (2011). An extinct monkey from Haiti and the origins of the Greater Antillean primates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(7): 2699-2704.

Halenar, Lauren B., Cooke, Siobhán B., Rosenberger, Alfred L. and Rímoli, Renato. (2017). New cranium of the endemic Caribbean platyrrhine, Antillothrix bernensis, from La Altagracia Province, Dominican Republic. Journal of Human Evolution 106: 133-153. [Abstract]

Kay, Richard F. et al. (2011). Preliminary notes on a newly discovered skull of the extinct monkey [i]Antillothrix[/i] from Hispaniola and the origin of the Greater Antillean monkeys. Journal of Human Evolution 60: 124-128.

Klukkert, Zachary S. et al. (2019). Newly-discovered craniomandibular remains preserve the first known incisors of the extinct Dominican monkey Antillothrix bernensis. The FASEB Journal 33(1): 612.4. [Abstract]

MacPhee, R.D.E. & Horovitz, I. 2004 New craniodental remains of the Quaternary Jamaican monkey Xenothrix mcgregori (Xenotrichini, Callicebinae, Pitheciidae), with a reconsideration of the Aotus hypothesis. American Museum Novitates 3434, 1-51.

MacPhee, R. D. E. and Meldrum, Jeff. (2006). Postcranial Remains of the Extinct Monkeys of the Greater Antilles, with Evidence for Semiterrestriality in Paralouatta. American Museum Novitates, No. 3516: 1-65.

R. D. E. MacPhee, Ines Horovitz, Oscar Arredondo, and Osvaldo Jimenez Vasquez. (1995). A New Genus for the Extinct Hispaniolan Monkey Saimiri bernensis Rimoli, 1977, with Notes on Its Systematic Position. American Museum Novitates, No. 3134.

Rosenberger, Alfred L. (1978). New species of Hispaniolan monkey: A comment. Anuario Cientifico. Universidad Cent. Este 3(3): 249-251.

Alfred L. Rosenberger, Siobhán B. Cooke, Renato Rímoli, Xijun Ni and Luis Cardoso. (2010). First skull of Antillothrix bernensis, an extinct relict monkey from the Dominican Republic. Proc. R. Soc. B 278(1702): 67-74. [Abstract]

Rosenberger, Alfred L. et al. (In Press, 2015). 1.32 ± 0.11 Ma age for underwater remains constrain antiquity and longevity of the Dominican primate Antillothrix bernensis. Journal of Human Evolution. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2015.05.015 [Abstract]

Sivault, Elise et al. (2023). Can body mass and skull morphology predict seed and fruit ingestion potential for mammal species? A test using extant species and its application to extinct species. Functional Ecology.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Past and present of insular Caribbean mammals: understanding Holocene extinctions to inform modern biodiversity conservation. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 913-917.


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