Palaeopropithecus ingens G. Grandidier, 1899

Large sloth lemur



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1620 (Godfrey, 2021)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct





Biology & Ecology










Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.

Ando, M. and Corbet, G.B. 1966. The Terrestrial Mammals of Western Europe. G.T. Foulis & Co., London, UK.

Burney, D. A., Pigott, B. L., Godfrey, L. R., Jungers, W. L., Goodmane, S. M., Wright, H. T. and Jull, A. J. T. 2004. A chronology for late prehistoric Madagascar. Journal of Human Evolution: 25-63.

Douglass, K., Hixon, S., Wright, H.T., Godfrey, L.R., Crowley, B.E., Manjakahery, B., Rasolondrainy, R., Crossland, Z. and Radimilahy, C. 2019. A critical review of radiocarbon dates clarifies the human settlement of Madagascar. Quaternary Science Reviews 221: 105878.

Flacourt, E. de. 1995. Histoire de la Grande Isle Madagascar. Édition annotée et présentée par Claude Allibert. INALCO, Paris.

Godfrey, L. (2021). Palaeopropithecus ingens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T136532A17971784. Accessed on 14 June 2022.

Godfrey, L.R. and Jungers, W.L. 2003. The extinct sloth lemurs of Madagascar. Evolutionary Anthropology 12: 252-263.

Godfrey, L.R., Scroxton, N., Crowley, B.E., Burns, S.J., Sutherland, M.R., Pérez, V.R., Faina, P., McGee, D. and Ranivoharimanana, L. 2019. A new interpretation of Madagascar’s megafaunal decline: the “Subsistence Shift Hypothesis.”. Journal of Human Evolution 130: 126-140.

Goodman, S.M. and Jungers, W.L. 2014. Extinct Madagascar: Picturing the Island’s Past. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Goodman, Steven M. et al. (2013). Bird fossils from Ankilitelo Cave: Inference about Holocene environmental changes in Southwestern Madagascar. Zootaxa 3750(5): 534-548.

Hoffmann, M. (2008a). Palaeopropithecus ingens. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 15 August 2013.

Hoffmann, M. (2008b). Palaeopropithecus ingens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T136532A4306543. Downloaded on 26 June 2021.

Joseph, Grant S. and Seymour, Colleen L. (2022). Are Madagascar's obligate grazing-lawns ancient and evolved with endemic herbivores, or recently selected by introduced cattle? Biology Letters 18: 20220212.

Perez VR, Godfrey LR, Nowak-Kemp M, Burney DA, Ratsimbazafy J, Vasey N. (2005). Evidence of early butchery of giant lemurs in Madagascar. J. Hum. Evol. 49:722-742. [Abstract]


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