Antillothrix bernensis (Rimoli, 1977:8)

Hispaniolan monkey



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Saimiri bernensis Rimoli, 1977:8 (original combination)


Conservation Status


Last record: c. 1850 BC



Dominican Republic, Hispaniola






Type locality: "entrance of Cueva de Berna, near Boca de Yuma (prov. La Altigracia, Dominican Republic)"


USNMM 254682






Original scientific description:

Rimoli, R. (1977). Una nueva especie de monos (Cebidae: Saimirinae: Saimiri) de la Hispaniola. Cuad. de CENDIA, Univ. Aut. Santo Domingo 242: 5-14.


Other references:

Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Cooke, S. B., Rosenberger, A. L. and Turvey, Samuel. (2011). An extinct monkey from Haiti and the origins of the Greater Antillean primates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(7): 2699-2704.

Halenar, Lauren B., Cooke, Siobhán B., Rosenberger, Alfred L. and Rímoli, Renato. (2017). New cranium of the endemic Caribbean platyrrhine, Antillothrix bernensis, from La Altagracia Province, Dominican Republic. Journal of Human Evolution 106: 133-153. [Abstract]

Kay, Richard F. et al. (2011). Preliminary notes on a newly discovered skull of the extinct monkey [i]Antillothrix[/i] from Hispaniola and the origin of the Greater Antillean monkeys. Journal of Human Evolution 60: 124-128.

Klukkert, Zachary S. et al. (2019). Newly-discovered craniomandibular remains preserve the first known incisors of the extinct Dominican monkey Antillothrix bernensis. The FASEB Journal 33(1): 612.4. [Abstract]

MacPhee, R. D. E. and Meldrum, Jeff. (2006). Postcranial Remains of the Extinct Monkeys of the Greater Antilles, with Evidence for Semiterrestriality in Paralouatta. American Museum Novitates, No. 3516: 1-65.

R. D. E. MacPhee, Ines Horovitz, Oscar Arredondo, and Osvaldo Jimenez Vasquez. (1995). A New Genus for the Extinct Hispaniolan Monkey [i]Saimiri bernensis[/i] Rimoli, 1977, with Notes on Its Systematic Position. American Museum Novitates, No. 3134.

Rosenberger, Alfred L. (1978). New species of Hispaniolan monkey: A comment. Anuario Cientifico. Universidad Cent. Este 3(3): 249-251.

Alfred L. Rosenberger, Siobhán B. Cooke, Renato Rímoli, Xijun Ni and Luis Cardoso. (2010). First skull of Antillothrix bernensis, an extinct relict monkey from the Dominican Republic. Proc. R. Soc. B 278(1702): 67-74. [Abstract]

Rosenberger, Alfred L. et al. (In Press, 2015). 1.32 ± 0.11 Ma age for underwater remains constrain antiquity and longevity of the Dominican primate Antillothrix bernensis. Journal of Human Evolution. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2015.05.015 [Abstract]


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