Somatochlora hineana Williamson, 1931

Hine's emerald dragonfly



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1950's

Rediscovered in 1988

IUCN RedList status: Near Threatened



USA (Illinois, Missouri, Michigan & Wisconsin)












Original scientific description:

Williamson, E. B. (1931). A new North American Somatochlora (Odonata-Cordulinae). Occ. Papers Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan 225: 1-8.


Other references:

Abbott, J. C. and Cashatt, E. (2007). Somatochlora hineana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2007: e.T20342A9188300. Downloaded on 12 September 2015.

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Bick, G.H. 1983. Odonata at risk in conterminous United States and Canada. Odonatologica 12(3): 209–226.

Bick, G.H. 2003. At-risk Odonata of conterminous United States. Bulletin of American Odonatology. 7(3): 41–56.

Cashatt, E. 1999. New Hine’s Emerald (Somatochlora hineana) dragonfly sites found in 1999. Argia 11(3): 3–4.

Cashatt, E. and Vogt, T. 2001. Description of the larva of Somatochlora hineana with a key to the larvae of North American species of Somatochlora (Odonata: Corduliidae). International Journal of Odonatology 4(2): 93–105.

Cashatt, E.D. 1991. A vulnerable species: the Ohio emerald dragonfly. The Living Mus. 53(2): 29-30.

Foster, S.E. and Soluk, D.A. 2004. Evaluating exuvia collection as a management tool for the federally endangered Hine's emerald dragonfly, Somatochlora hineana Williamson (Odonata: Cordulidae). Biological Conservation 118: 15-20.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 1990. 1990 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Needham, J.G. and Westfall, M.J., Jr. 1954. A Manual of the Dragonflies of North America (Anisoptera). University of California Press, Berkeley, California

Paulson, D.R. and Dunkle, S.W. 1999. A Checklist of North American Odonata. Slater Museum of Natural History University of Puget Sound Occasional Paper Number 56.

Price, H.F. 1958. Additional notes on the dragonflies of northwestern Ohio. Ohio J. Sci. 58(1): 50-62.

Steffens, W.P. 1998. New distribution records of Somatochlora hineana (Odonata: Corduliidae). Great Lakes Entomol. 31(1): 25–26.

Swinford, T.O. 1997. Checklist of Status of Indiana Odonata. List.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1995. Determination of endangered status for the Hine's Emerald Dragonfly (Somatochlora hineana). Final Rule. Federal Register 60(17): 5267-5272.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2001. Hine's emerald dragonfly (Somatochlora hineana) recovery plan. Fort Snelling, Minnesota

Vogt, T. and Cashatt, E. 1994. Distribution, habitat and field biology of Somatochlora hineana. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 87(5): 599–603.

Vogt, T.E. and Cashatt, E.D. 1990. The Wisconsin 1990 Status Survey for the Ohio Emerald Dragonfly (Somatochlora hineana Williamson). Prepared for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS).

Walker, J. and Smentowsky, J. 2003. Tachopteryx thoreyi (Hagen), Somatochlora tenebrosa (Say) and S. hineana Williamson- observations from Missouri. Argia 15(1): 6-11.

Wells, S.M., Pyle, R.M. and Collins, N.M. (compilers) 1983. The IUCN Invertebrate Red Data Book. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Zercher, D. 2001. Hine's Emerald Dragonfly (Somatochlora hineana Williamson) draft recovery plan. Technical/Agency Draft.


<< Back to the Odonata database