Anisogomphus ceylonicus Hagen in Selys, 1878

Ceylon clubtail dragonfly, Sri Lanka grappletail



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Aeshna ceylonica Hagen, 1878; Gomphus ceylonicus Hagen, 1878; Heliogomphus ceylonicus Hagen, 1878; Anisogomphus solitaris Lieftinck, 1971


Conservation Status

Last record: 18 March 1962

Rediscovered in February 2021 (Sumanapala et al., 2022)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)



Sri Lanka


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Hagen in: de Sélys-Longchamps, E. (1878). Quatrièmes additions au synopsis des Gomphines. (section 1) Bulletin de l'Académie royale des Sciences de Belgique (2) 46: 408-471.

Other references:

Bedjanič, M. (2006). Anisogomphus solitaris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T59696A11972735. Downloaded on 08 January 2019.

Bedjanič, M. (2009). Heliogomphus ceylonicus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 25 May 2013.

Bedjanič, M., Conniff, K., van der Poorten, N. and Šalamun, A. (2014). Dragonfly Fauna of Sri Lanka: Distribution and Biology, with Threat Status of its Endemics. Pensoft Publishers. 320 pp. [WARNING: 25.94 MB]

Bedjanič, Matjaž and Poorten, Nancy van der. (2013). On the synonymy of two enigmatic endemic clubtails from Sri Lanka (Anisoptera: Gomphidae). Agrion 17(2): 44-47.

Lieftnick, M. A. (1971). Odonata from Ceylon. Ent. scand. Suppl. 1: 188-207.

van der Poorten, Nancy and Connif, Karen. (2012). The Taxonomy and Conservation Status of the Dragonfly Fauna (Insecta: Odonata) of Sri Lanka, pp. 1-10. In: The National Red List 2012 of Sri Lanka: Conservation Status of the Fauna and Flora. Weerakoon, D. K. and Wijesundara, S. (eds.). Ministry of Environment, Colombo, Sri Lanka. viii + 476 pp.

Sumanapala, A. P., Ranasinghe, T. and Sumanapala, D. (2022). Rediscovery of Anisogomphus ceylonicus (Odonata: Gomphidae) based on its larva. TAPROBANICA: The Journal of Asian Biodiversity 11(1): 35-37.


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