Ichthyophis hypocyaneus (Van Hasselt in Boie, 1827)

Javan caecilian, Javanese caecilian, Marsh caecilian



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Coecilia hypocyanea Van Hasselt in Boie, 1827


Conservation Status

Last record: 1827

Rediscovered in 2000

IUCN RedList status: Least Concern



Java (=Jawa), Indonesia


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Boie, F. (1827). Über Merrem’s Verfuch eines Systema der Amphibien. Isis von Oken 20: 508-565.

Other references:

Borzée, Amaël, Yi, Yoonjung, Kusrini, Mirza D. and Jang, Yikweon. (2017). Habitat use by the Javan caecilian (Ichthyophis hypocyaneus). Korean Journal of Herpetology 8: 15-18.

Eprilurahman, R., Qurniawan, T. F., Kusuma, K. I. and Kurniawan, C. H. (2010). Studi Awal Keanekaragaman Herpetofauna di Petungkriyono, Kabupaten Pekalongan,Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Zoo Indonesia 19(1): 19-30.

Gower, D. J. and Wilkinson, M. (2005). Conservation biology of caecilian amphibians. Conservation Biology 19(1): 45-55.

Iskandar, D. T. (1998). The amphibians of Java and Bali. LIPI The Field Guide Series, Bogor, Yayasan Hayati.

Iskandar, D. T. and Colijn, E. (2000). Preliminary checklist of Southeast Asian and New Guinean herpetofauna I. Amphibians. Treubia 31: 1-134. [1-133?]

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. (2018). Ichthyophis hypocyaneus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T59621A97654390. Accessed on 10 November 2022.

Kusrini, Mirza D. (2007). Frogs of Gede Pangrango: A Follow up Project for the Conservation of Frogs in West Java Indonesia. Book 1: Main Report. Bogor Agricultural University.

Kusrini, Mirza D., Fitri, A., Endarwin, W. and Yarzid, M. (2018). The Amphibians of Mount Gede Pangrango and Mount Salak, Indonesia. FrogLog 81: 2-3.

Kusrini, Mirza D. et al. (2017). Elevation range shift after 40 years: The amphibians of Mount Gede Pangrango National Park revisited. Biological Conservation 206: 75-84.

Mumpuni, Iskandar, D., Wilkinson, M., Gower, D. & Kupfer, A. (2009). Ichthyophis hypocyaneus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T59621A11970092. Downloaded on 12 February 2017.

Nishikawa, Kanto et al. (2012). Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of caecilians from Southeast Asia (Amphibia, Gymnophiona, Ichthyophiidae), with special reference to high cryptic species diversity in Sundaland. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 63: 714-723.

Scheffers, Brett R., Yong, Ding Li, Harris, J. Berton C., Giam, Xingli and Sodhi, Navjot S. (2011). The world’s rediscovered species: back from the brink? PLoS ONE 6(7): e22531. [Supporting Information (Table S1)]

Taylor, E. H. (1968). The Caecilians of the World. A Taxonomic Review. Lawrence, Kansas: University of Kansas Press.


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