Madhuca insignis (Radlk.) H. J. Lam.



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: c.1884 (Kumar et al. 2004)

Rediscovered in 2004 or before

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Karnataka & Kerala States, India (southern)


Biology & Ecology










Bhat, K. G. (2003). Flora of Udupi, Indian Naturalist (R), Udupi. 339 pp.

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Abstract] [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Joshi, Geeta et al. (In Press, 2019). Rescuing Madhuca insignis (Sapotaceae), an extremely narrow endemic species to South Western Ghats, India. Journal for Nature Conservation. doi: [Abstract]

Kumar, G. K., Shenoy, H. S. and Kaveriappa, K. M. (2004). Rediscovery of Madhuca insignis (Radlkofer) H.J.Lam (Sapotaceae) – A critically endangered species of the Western Ghats, India. Phytomorphology 54(3-4): 209-213. [Abstract]

Molur, S et al. (eds). 1995. Conservation assessment and management plan (CAMP) for selected species of medicinal plants of southern India.

Mondal, Soma and Rai, V. Ravishankar. (2021). Molecular profiling and anti-infective potency of endophytic actinomycetes inhabiting Madhuca insignis Radlk., from Western Ghats of India. Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology 19: 36.

Nayar, M.P. and Sastry, A.R.K. (eds) 1990. Red Data Book of Indian Plants. Vol. 3. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. and MacKinven, A. (compilers). 1998. The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.

Raveendran, K. (2013). Madhuca insignis (Radlk.) H.J.Lam. (Sapotaceae) – new addition to the flora of Kerala. Zoo’s PRINT 28(4): 25-26.

Ravikumar, K., Sankar, R. V., Ved, D. K. and Bhat, K. G. (2004). Is Madhuca insignis (Radlk) H.J.Lam (Sapotaceae) really extinct? Phytotaxonomy 4: 119-123.

Shenoy, H. S., Rajasekharan, P. E., Souravi, K. and Anand, M. (2014). Extended distribution of Madhuca insignis (Radlk.) H.J. Lam. (Sapotaceae) -A Critically Endangered species in Shimoga District of Karnataka. Zoo’s Print Journal 29(6): 21-23.

Souravi, K., Rajasekharan, P. E., Rao, V. Keshava and Babu, C.S. Bujji. (2015). Chemical Investigation of the Riparian Tree Species Madhuca insignis (Radlk.) H. J. Lam. (Sapotaceae) by GC-MS Profiling. American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics 3(8): 562-569.

Udayan, P. S. (2004). A new location for Madhuca insignis (Radlk.) H.J.Lam.-A rare, endemic and red listed plant near Venur of Dakshina Kannada district, Karnataka. Sliva’s Newletter. 2004; PP. 295.

Walter, Kerry S. and Gillett, Harriet J. (eds.). (1998). 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK: IUCN – The World Conservation Union. lxiv + 862 pp.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1998). Madhuca insignis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T33655A9800995. . Downloaded on 21 September 2015.


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