Arctostaphylos hookeri franciscana Eastw.

Franciscan manzanita



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild

Last record: 1942 (Smith, 2018)


A single plant remains in the wild, rediscovered in 2009. Thus although the taxon has been rediscovered in the wild, the in situ population is not viable.



San Francisco, California, USA


Biology & Ecology










Knapp, Wesley M. et al. (2020). Vascular plant extinction in the continental United States and Canada. Conservation Biology. doi:

Smith, James P. Jnr. (2018). California vascular plants: are some of them out there? Botanical Studies 74: 1-4? [4].

Walter, Kerry S. and Gillett, Harriet J. (eds.). (1998). 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK: IUCN – The World Conservation Union. lxiv + 862 pp.