Propleopus oscillans De Vis, 1888

Carnivorous kangaroo



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Triclis oscillans De Vis, 1888


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene





Biology & Ecology

An omnivorous species









Original scientific description:

De Vis, Charles W. (1888). On an extinct genus of the marsupials allied to Hypsiprymnodon. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (2) 3: 5-8.


Other references:

Archer, Michael. (1997). The flesh-eating kangaroo. Highlife 130(November): 130.

Archer, Michael and Flannery, Timothy F. (1985). Revision of the extinct gigantic rat kangaroos (Potoroidae: Marsupialia), with description of a new Miocene genus and species and a new Pleistocene species of Propleopus. Journal of Paleontology 59: 1331-49.

Bartholomai, A. (1972). Some upper cheek teeth in Propleopus oscillans (De Vis). Mem. Qd. Mus. 16: 211-213.

Cupper, M. L. and Duncan, J. (2006). Last glacial megafaunal death assemblage and early human occupation at Lake Menindee, southeastern Australia. Quaternary Research 66(2): 332-341.

Mahoney, J. A. and Ride, W. D. L. (1975). Index to the genera and species of fossil Mammalia described from Australia and New Guinea between 1838 and 1968. Western Australian Museum Special Publication 6: 1-250.

Molnar, R. E., and C. Kurz. 1997. The distribution of Pleistocene vertebrates on the eastern Darling Downs, based on the Queensland Museum collections. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 117: 107-134.

Murray, P. F. (1991). The Pleistocene megafauna of Australia, pp. 1071-1164. In: Vickers-Rich, P., Monaghan, J. M., Baird, R. F., and Rich, T. H. Vertebrate Palaeontology of Australiasia. Lilydale, Victoria: Pioneer Design Studio.

Pledge, N. S. (1981). The giant rat-kangaroo Propleopus oscillans (De Vis), (Potoroidae: Marsupialia) in South Australia. Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust. 105(1): 41-47.

Pledge, Neville S. (1990). The Upper Fossil Fauna of the Henschke Fossil Cave, Naracoorte, South Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum (Proceedings of the De Vis Symposium) 28(1): 247-262.

Reed, E. H. and Bourne, S. J. (2000). Pleistocene fossil vertebrate sites of the south east region of South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 124: 61-90.

Ride, W. D. L, Pridmore, P.A., Barwick, R.E., Wells, R.T., & Heady, R.D. (1997). Towards a biology of Propleopus oscillans (Marsupialia: Propleopinae, Hypsiprymnodontidae). Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 117: 243-328.

Roberts R., Flannery T., Ayliffe L., Yoshida H., Olley J., Prideaux G., Laslett G., Baynes A., Smith M., Jones R.I., et al. 2001 New ages for the last Australian megafauna: Continent-wide extinction about 46,000 years ago. Science 292: 1888-1892.

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. (2003). Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12): 3403-3403.

Tedford, R. H. (1955). Report on the extinct mammalian remains at Lake Menindee, New South Wales. Rec. S. Aust. Mus. 11: 299-305.

Tedford, R. H. 1967. The fossil Macropodidae from Lake Menindee, New South Wales. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 64: 1-156.

Woods, J. T. (1960). The genera Propleopus and Hypsiprymnodon and their position in the Macropodidae. Mem. Qd. Mus. 13: 199-221.

Wroe, Stephen. (1996). An investigation of phylogeny in the Giant Rat-kangaroo Ekaltadeta (Propleopinae, Hypsiprymnodontidae, Marsupialia). Journal of Paleontology 70: 681-690.

Wroe, Stephen. (1997). Stratigraphy and phylogeny of the giant extinct Rat-kangaroos (Propleopinae, Hypsiprymnodontidae, Marsupialia). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 41(2): 449-456.


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