Procoptodon goliah Owen, 1845

Giant short-faced kangaroo



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Macropus goliah Owen, 1845


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Owen, Richard. (1845). In: Waterhouse, G. R. A natural history of the Mammalia. VDU. Containing the order Marsupiala, or pouched animals, with illustrations engraved on steel, and 18 engravings on wood. London, Hippolyte Bailliere, 553 pp., 22 pIs.


Other references:

Armand, L., Ride, W. D. L. and Taylor, G. (2000). The stratigraphy and palaeontology of Teapot Creek, MacLaughlin River, NSW. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 122: 101-121.

Bartholomai, A. (1970). The extinct genus Procoptodon Owen (Marsupialia: Macropodidae) in Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 15: 213-233.

De Vis, Charles W. (1899). On some remains of marsupials from Lake Colongulac, Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 12: 107-111.

Flannery, T. F. (1987). The Giant Short-faced Kangaroo. Pp. 72-74 in The Antipodean Ark edited by S. Hand and M. Archer, and illustrated by Peter Schouten. Angus and Robertson Publishers, North Ryde.

Helgen, Kristofer M. et al. (2006). Ecological and evolutionary significance of sizes of giant extinct kangaroos. Australian Journal of Zoology 54(4): 293-303. [body weight estimate]

Long, John et al. (2002). Prehistoric Mammals of Australia and New Guinea, One Hundred Million Years of Evolution. Sydney: University of NSW Press.

Mahoney, J. A. and Ride, W. D. L. (1975). Index to the genera and species of fossil Mammalia described from Australia and New Guinea between 1838 and 1968. Western Australian Museum Special Publication 6: 1-250.

Marcus, L. F. 1976. The Bingara Fauna: a Pleistocene vertebrate fauna from Murchison County, New South Wales, Australia. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 114:1±145.

McCoy, F. (1879). Procoptodon goliah. P. 42 in Prodromus of the Palaeontology of Victoria, Decade VI. Geological Survey of Victoria. Melbourne: Government Printer.

McNamara, Ken and Murray, Peter. (2010). Prehistoric Mammals of Western Australia. Welshpool, WA: Western Australian Museum. 107 pp.

Merrilees, D. 1973. Fossiliferous deposits at Lake Tandou, New South Wales, Australia. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria 34:177±182.

Merrilees, D. and Ride, W. D. L. (1965). Procoptodon goliah (Macropodidae, Marsupialia) from western Eyre Peninsula, South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 89: 139-142.

Molnar, R. E., and C. Kurz. 1997. The distribution of Pleistocene vertebrates on the eastern Darling Downs, based on the Queensland Museum collections. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 117:107±134.

Owen, Richard. (1845). Macropus goliah (fossil). P. 59 in G. R. Waterhouse, A Natural History of the Mammalia. VOlume 1. Contining the Order Marsupiata, or Pouch Animals. London: Hippolyte Baillière.

Owen, R. (1873). Procoptodon goliah, Owen. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 21: 387.

Prideaux, G. J. 2004. Systematics and evolution of the sthenurine kangaroos. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 146:i±xviii, 1±623.

Prideaux, G. J., R. G. Roberts, D. Megirian, K. E. Westaway, J. C. Hellstrom, and J. M. Olley. (2007). Mammalian responses to Pleistocene climate change in southeastern Australia. Geology 35:33±36.

Prideaux, Gavin J. et al. (2009). Extinction implications of a chenopod browse diet for a giant Pleistocene kangaroo. PNAS 106(28): 11646-11650.

Reed, E. H. and Bourne, S. J. (2000). Pleistocene fossil vertebrate sites of the south east region of South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 124: 61-90.

Roberts, R. G., Flannery T., Ayliffe L., Yoshida H., Olley J., Prideaux G., Laslett G., Baynes A., Smith M., Jones R.I., et al. (2001). New Ages for the last Australian megafauna: Continent-wide extinction about 46,000 years ago. Science 292: 1888-1892.

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12): 3403-3403.

Taçon, Paul S. C. and Webb, Steve. (2017). Art and megafauna in the Top End of the Northern Territory, Australia: Illusion or reality?, pp. 145-161. In: David, Bruno et al. (eds.). Terra Australis 47. Acton, A.C.T.: ANU Press. xxvi + 499 pp.

Tedford, R. H. 1967. The fossil Macropodidae from Lake Menindee, New South Wales. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 64:1-156.

Waterhouse, George Robert. (1846). A Natural History of the Mammalia. Volume 1, Containing the Order Marsupiata or Pouched Animals. London: Hippolyte Baillière. 553 pp + 20 pls.


<< Back to the Diprotodontia database