Onychogalea lunata Gould, 1841:93

Crescent nail-tail wallaby, Lunated nailtail wallaby, Crescent wallaby (archaic) (Ogilby, 1892:47; Lucas & Le Souëf, 1909:78), Crescent marked kangaroo (Waterhouse, 1841:203), Crescent-marked kangaroo (Gray, 1843:88), wurrung, worong, Tjawalpa

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Macropus lunatus Gould, 1841:93; Onychogale lunata Gould, 1841:93 (used by Lucas & Le Souëf, 1909:78)

 

Frith & Callaby (1969) suggested that O. lunata is synonymous with O. unguifera. This has not been accepted by any other author/s.

 

Conservation Status

Last Record: 1930 (Thornback & Jenkins, 1982); early 1950's (Burbidge & Johnson, 2008); 1956 (Finlayson, 1961); 1964 (Ride, 1970)

 

IUCN RedList status: Extinct

 

This species was apparently last reported near Warburton, Western Australia in 1964 (Ride, 1970), although this has never been independently confirmed. A similar report from the Northern Territory in 1956 also exists (Finlayson, 1961), which similarly has never been corroborated (Endangered Species Committee, 1983).

The last generally accepted records are from the early 1950's (i.e. pre-1955) (Burbidge & Johnson, 2008). However, Burbidge and Fuller (1979) list several specimens which may have been of individuals which survived until 1960 or later.

"Finlayson records an animal being killed in Central Australia between the Tarlton and Jervois Ranges in 1956, and [W. H.] Butler found the remains of one in 1964 near the Warburton Range, Western Australia. The specimen appeared to have been killed by a Fox some short time previously."

(Ride, 1970:198)

 

Last records in each state:

New South Wales (1857)

South Australia (1891)

Northern Territory (early 1950's?)

Western Australia (1964?)

 

Distribution

South Australia & Western Australia, Australia

 

Biology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

Western Australian Museum, Perth:

WAM 5239 (now WAM 76.6.28; mandiublar fragment) (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:67)

WAM 5688 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:67)

WAM 5689 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:67)

WAM 16466 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:67)

WAM 16467 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:67)

WAM 16468 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:67)

WAM 16469 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:67)

WAM 16470 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:67)

WAM 16471 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:67)

WAM 16472 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:67)

WAM 63.1.30 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:67)

 

Merseyside County Museums, Liverpool:

MCM D215a (Fisher, 1984:209)

 

Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali of Torino, Italy

MZUT T520 (796) (mount; unsexed adult) (Ghiraldi et al., 2021)

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Gould, John. (1841). On five new species of kangaroos. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1840: 92-94.

 

Other references:

Abbott, Ian. (2001). Aboriginal names of mammals species in south-west Western Australia. CALMScience 3(4): 433-486.

Abbott, Ian. (2008). Historical perspectives of the ecology of some conspicuous vertebrate species in south-west Western Australia. Conservation Science W. Aust. 6(3): 1-214.

Anonymous. (1842). New species of kangaroosTasmanian Journal of Natural Science, Agriculture, Statistics, &c. 1(4): 300-303.

Anonymous. (1964). A preliminary list of rare mammals including those believed to be rare but concerning which detailed information is still lacking. IUCN Bulletin 11(Special Supplement): 4 pp.

Anonymous. (1970). Kangaroos & wallabies facing extinction. S.W.A.N.S. 1(2): 11.

Anonymous. (1973). Additional protection for rare fauna. S.W.A.N.S. 4(2): 31-33.

Anonymous. (1977a). Crescent Nail-Tailed Wallaby Onychogalea lunata. Mammals No. 8. In: Australian Endangered Species. Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service.

Anonymous. (1977b). Terrestrial native mammals of Western Australia. S.W.A.N.S. 7(1): 7-8. [a mere listing as being native to WA]

Anonymous. (1980). Mammals of the Warburton region. S.W.A.N.S. 10(1): 22-23.

Archer, M. (1974). Excavations in the Orchestra Shell Cave, Wanneroo, Western Australia. Part Ill. Fossil vertebrate remains. Archaeology and Physical Anthropology in Oceania 9: 156-162. [subfossil remains from Wanneroo, Western Australia]

Bamford, Mandy et al. (2009). Mammals of the Avon Region. Bentley, W.A.: Department of Environment and Conservation. 132 pp. [pp. 80-81]

Baynes, A. (1987). The original mammal fauna of the Nullarbor and southern peripheral regions: evidence from skeletal remains in superficial cave deposits, pp. 139-152, 401-402. In: McKenzie, N. L. and Robinson, A. C. (eds.). A Biological Survey of the Nullarbor Region, South and Western Australia in 1984. Adelaide: South Australian Department of Environment and Planning.

Bowdler, Sandra. (1995). The excavation of two small rockshelters at Monkey Mia, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Australian Archaeology 40: 1-13. [subfossil remains reported from Monkey Mia, Western Australia]

Burbidge, Alan A. (1983). Crescent Nailtail Wallaby Onychogalea lunata, pp. 206. In: Strahan, R. (ed.). The Australian Museum complete Book of Australian Mammals. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.

Burbidge, A. A. (1995). Crescent Nailtail Wallaby, Onychogalea lunata, pp. 359-360. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Mammals of Australia. Chatswood, N.S.W.: Reed Books. 756 pp.

Burbidge, A. A. (2008). Crescent Nailtail Wallaby, Onychogalea lunata. In: S. Van Dyck and R. Strahan (eds), The mammals of Australia. Third Edition, pp. 357-359. Reed New Holland, Sydney, Australia.

Burbidge, A. A and Fuller, P. J. (1979). Mammals of the Warburton region, Western Australia. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 8(1): 57-73.

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Andrew A. Burbidge; Ken A. Johnson; Phillip J. Fuller, and R. I. Southgate. (1988). Aboriginal Knowledge of the Mammals of the Central Deserts of Australia. Aust. Wildl. Res. 15: 9-39.

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Ghiraldi, Luca et al. (2021). Revised catalogue of monotremes and marsupials in the historic mammal collection housed at Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali of Torino, Italy. Bonn zoological Bulletin 70(1): 1-14.

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https://www.nt.gov.au/nreta/wildlife/animals/threatened/pdf/mammals/crescent_nailtail_wallaby_ex.pdf

ftp://rock.geosociety.org/pub/reposit/2007/2007016.pdf

https://cites.org/sites/default/files/common/com/ac/26/E26-20i.pdf

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/6286/onychogalea-lunata-crescent-nailtail-wallaby

 

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